LIST OF US PATENTS RELATED TO AUXILIARY COMPOSITIONS FOR LAUNDERING GRANTED FROM 1990 TO 2000
This list includes granted patents published in the United States. The list was retrieved by using a refined search strategy on the claims section of all patent documents. Salient search
terms included laundering aids such as fabric softeners and conditioners, fabric antiwrinkle additives, stain release aids, bleach, antistatic agents, etc., used during or after washing
clothes, linens, towels and other household articles.
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US PATENTS RELATED TO AUXILIARY COMPOSITIONS FOR LAUNDERING PUBLISHED FROM 1990 to 2000



Patent No.: US4891143A  Issued: 02/Jan/1990

Title: Water insoluble antistatic compositions

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 742848   Filing Date: 10/Jun/1985

Abstract:

Compositions which are particulate water insoluble and nondispersible salts of certain surface active sulfate or sulfonate anions and surface active quaternary ammonium cations are described. They are useful as wash cycle laundry softener-antistatic compositions, in both liquid and powdered laundry products and also dispersed in solid matrices. The particle size is from 50 to 500 microns.

Priority: US1984-568817 Applic. Date: 1984-01-06

Inventor: WOODWARD FRED E [US]; HUDSON ALICE P [US]


Patent No.: US4892555A  Issued: 09/Jan/1990

Title: Method for conditioning fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 243165   Filing Date: 08/Sep/1988

Abstract:

A method for conditioning fabrics comprises tumble-drying fabrics with a composition comprising a fabric conditioner, such as a cationic fabric softener, and a compound containing a transition metal ion, such as cobalt (II) and manganese (II) ions. The transition metal ion is capable of catalyzing bleaching of the fabrics when the fabrics are subsequently washed with a bleach containing detergent composition.

Priority: GB19860019152 Applic. Date: 1986-08-06

Inventor: LEIGH ARTHUR G [GB]; OAKES JOHN [GB]


Patent No.: US4894177A  Issued: 16/Jan/1990

Title: Agglomerated granules for the delayed release of antifoaming agents in laundering systems

Applicant/Assignee: DOW CORNING CORPORATION

Application No.: 178951   Filing Date: 07/Apr/1988

Abstract: US 4894177 A 19900116 US4894177 19900116 US19880178951 19880407 178951 US19880178951 19880407 178951 DOW CORNING [US] DOW CORNING CORPORATION STARCH MICHAEL S [US] STARCH, MICHAEL S Agglomerated granules for the delayed release of antifoaming agents in laundering systems

Priority:

Inventor: STARCH MICHAEL S [US]


Patent No.: US4898680A  Issued: 06/Feb/1990

Title: Detergent compatible, dryer released fabric softening/antistatic agents

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTOR & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 270402   Filing Date: 07/Nov/1988

Abstract:

Fabric softener particles comprising an inner core of fabric softening composition and an outer coating completely surrounding said core. The outer coating is substantially water-insoluble and protects the inner core from dissolving when present in a typical fabric laundering operation, but releases the softener composition to the fabrics when the fabrics are dried in a heated dryer.

Priority: US1986-933824 Applic. Date: 1986-11-24

Inventor: CLAUSS ALLEN D [US]; CULVER GAYLE E [US]; PIATT DAVID M [US]; WIERENGA THOMAS J [US]


Patent No.: US4900468A  Issued: 13/Feb/1990

Title: Stabilized liquid hydrogen peroxide bleach compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE CLOROX COMPANY

Application No.: 144616   Filing Date: 11/Jan/1988

Abstract:

Aqueous peroxide bleaching compositions that include surfactant, fluorescent whiteners and dyes are effectively stabilized by the addition of a heavy metal chelating agent and a free radical scavenging agent. Both agents must be present to achieve maximum stability. Particularly preferred chelating agents are the amino polyphosphonates. Particularly preferred free radical scavenging agents are the hydroxybenzenes and especially substituted phenols. Not only is the peroxide oxidizing agent stabilized, but surfactant, fluorescent whitener, and dye as well.

Priority: US1985-745617 Applic. Date: 1985-06-17

Inventor: MITCHELL JAMES D [US]; FARR JAMES P [US]


Patent No.: US4908140A  Issued: 13/Mar/1990

Title: Method of enhancing fabric rewettability with an aqueous emulsion of branched and cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane

Applicant/Assignee: DOW CORNING CORPORATION

Application No.: 312158   Filing Date: 21/Feb/1989

Abstract:

A method of enhancing the rewettability of fabrics treated in a laundering operation in which the fabrics are contacted with a mixture including a rinse cycle fabric softening conditioning composition capable of producing on the fabrics a hydrophobic surface, and a hydrophobic cationic emulsion of a silicone polymer. Preferably, the fabric softening conditioning composition includes a cationic compound selected from the group consisting of quaternary ammonium salts and organic based compounds having C12 to C18 hydrocarbon chain molecules of amines, esters, acids, or amine oxides, and the silicone polymer is a highly branched and crosslinked polydimethylsiloxane.

Priority:

Inventor: BAUSCH GREGORY G [US]; SEELBACH ELIZABETH A [US]; ZOMBECK ALAN [US]


Patent No.: US4911851A  Issued: 27/Mar/1990

Title: Detergent compatible, dryer released fabric softening/antistatic agents

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 316550   Filing Date: 27/Feb/1989

Abstract:

Fabric softener particles comprising an inner core of fabric softening composition and an outer coating completely surrounding said core. The outer coating is substantially water-insoluble and protects the inner core from dissolving when present in a typical fabric laundering operation, but releases the softener composition to the fabrics when the fabrics are dried in a heated dryer. The particles contain water-insoluble particulate materials, e.g., silica particles, having a diameter of greater than about one micron to reduce the shiny appearance of visible softener spots which occasionally are present on fabrics treated with said fabric softener particles and to maintain a relatively constant viscosity.

Priority: US1987-118578 Applic. Date: 1987-11-06

Inventor: LADD JR JOSEPH M [US]; MELLEA MICHELLE F [US]; WIERENGA THOMAS J [US]


Patent No.: US4913828A  Issued: 03/Apr/1990

Title: Conditioning agents and compositions containing same

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 61063   Filing Date: 10/Jun/1987

Abstract: US 4913828 A 19900403 US4913828 19900403 US19870061063 19870610 061063 US19870061063 19870610 061063 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY CASWELL DEBRA S [US] MAO MARK H [US] CASWELL, DEBRA S, MAO, MARK H Conditioning agents and compositions containing same

Priority:

Inventor: CASWELL DEBRA S [US]; MAO MARK H [US]


Patent No.: US4923623A  Issued: 08/May/1990

Title: Starch with curable amine functional silicone for fabric wrinkle reduction and shape retention

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 287782   Filing Date: 21/Dec/1988

Abstract: US 4923623 A 19900508 US4923623 19900508 US19880287782 19881221 287782 US19880287782 19881221 287782 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY COFFINDAFFER TIMOTHY W [US] COFFINDAFFER, TIMOTHY W Starch with curable amine functional silicone for fabric wrinkle reduction and shape retention

Priority:

Inventor: COFFINDAFFER TIMOTHY W [US]


Patent No.: US4925577A  Issued: 15/May/1990

Title: Soil release polymer compositions having improved processability

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 353261   Filing Date: 17/May/1989

Abstract:

Polymeric soil release agents that have high viscosities when molten are difficult to process. Certain organic materials can be added to such agents to lower the viscosity and improve processing. Examples of such organic materials include fatty acids, some nonionic ethylene glycol derivatives, polyethylene or polypropylene glycols and their short alkyl chain ethers, certain polyhydroxy and alkyl ether solvents, and aryl ethers of propylene glycol.

Priority: US1988-194684 Applic. Date: 1988-05-16

Inventor: BORCHER SR THOMAS A [US]; DELGADO RODOLFO [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US4927557A  Issued: 22/May/1990

Title: Process for forming flakes

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTOR & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 273692   Filing Date: 21/Nov/1988

Abstract:

Flakes of a hydrophilic solid organic material, e.g., polyethylene glycol are formed from a melt of said solid organic material on a belt cooler. The process is improved by wetting the belt cooler with water and/or an organic, low molecular weight, hydrophilic liquid to maintain contact between flake and belt during rapid cooling.

Priority: US1987-046596 Applic. Date: 1987-05-05

Inventor: REVIS JACK W [US]; SAGEL JOHN A [US]; OSTENDORF DANIEL I [US]


Patent No.: US4929379A  Issued: 29/May/1990

Title: Particulate detergent composition

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 206906   Filing Date: 10/Jun/1988

Abstract:

The invention pertains to a particulate detergent composition comprising a detergent active system consisting of a fatty acid soap component having a Krafft temperature of below 30 DEG C. and an alkoxylated alcohol nonionic component having an HLB value of between 12 and 16, an alkaline buffering agent and a builder. The composition provides a particulate product, which is easily water-dissolvable without any significant agitation to form stable concentrated alkaline stock-solutions.

Priority: GB19830001503 Applic. Date: 1983-01-20; GB19830014839 Applic. Date: 1983-05-27

Inventor: OLDENBURG WILLEM [NL]; HEMMES SIMON N [NL]; HOBBEL JAAP E [NL]


Patent No.: US4938879A  Issued: 03/Jul/1990

Title: Stearate-based dryer-added fabric softener sheet

Applicant/Assignee: CREATIVE PRODUCTS RESOURCE ASSOCIATES, LTD

Application No.: 331870   Filing Date: 04/Apr/1989

Abstract:

A fabric softener sheet for in-dryer use is provided which comprises water, an organic solvent, and an amount of an alkali metal stearate effective to dimensionally-stabilize the sheet, having uniformly distributed in said sheet an effective amount of a quaternary amine fabric softening agent.

Priority:

Inventor: KELLETT GEORGE W [US]


Patent No.: US4946624A  Issued: 07/Aug/1990

Title: Microcapsules containing hydrophobic liquid core

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 316727   Filing Date: 27/Feb/1989

Abstract: US 4946624 A 19900807 US4946624 19900807 US19890316727 19890227 316727 US19890316727 19890227 316727 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY MICHAEL DANIEL W [US] MICHAEL, DANIEL W Microcapsules containing hydrophobic liquid core

Priority:

Inventor: MICHAEL DANIEL W [US]


Patent No.: US4950412A  Issued: 21/Aug/1990

Title: Fabric conditioning composition

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 326479   Filing Date: 20/Mar/1989

Abstract:

A fabric conditioning composition contains a fabric softening agent, which may be a cationic or nonionic material, and a polymeric drape-imparting agent, such as a vinyl acetate/vinyl chloride copolymer, in the form of positively charged thermoplastic particles having a softening point of 25 DEG -200 DEG C., especially above 50 DEG C. When treated fabrics are ironed above this softening temperature, the particles coalesce to form a drape imparting film on the fabric. Non-ironed fabrics exhibit a softening benefit.

Priority: GB19850000958 Applic. Date: 1985-01-15

Inventor: DUFFIN BRYAN [GB]; HAQ ZIA [GB]


Patent No.: US4950416A  Issued: 21/Aug/1990

Title: Liquid dishwasher detergent composition

Applicant/Assignee: VISTA CHEMICAL COMPANY

Application No.: 259857   Filing Date: 19/Oct/1988

Abstract: US 4950416 A 19900821 US4950416 19900821 US19880259857 19881019 259857 US19880259857 19881019 259857 VISTA CHEMICAL [US] VISTA CHEMICAL COMPANY BAXTER STEVEN L [US] BAXTER, STEVEN L Liquid dishwasher detergent composition

Priority:

Inventor: BAXTER STEVEN L [US]


Patent No.: US4954285A  Issued: 04/Sep/1990

Title: Perfume, particles, especially for use in dryer released fabric softening/antistatic agents

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 306334   Filing Date: 07/Feb/1989

Abstract: US 4954285 A 19900904 US4954285 19900904 US19890306334 19890207 306334 US19890306334 19890207 US19880164678 19880307 164,678 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY WIERENGA THOMAS J [US] LADD JR JOSEPH M [US] MERZ RUSSELL J [US] NICHOLSON ALYCE E [US] WIERENGA, THOMAS J, LADD, JR., JOSEPH M, MERZ, RUSSELL J, NICHOLSON, ALYCE E Perfume, particles, especially for use in dryer released fabric softening/antistatic agents

Priority: US1988-164678 Applic. Date: 1988-03-07

Inventor: WIERENGA THOMAS J [US]; LADD JR JOSEPH M [US]; MERZ RUSSELL J [US]; NICHOLSON ALYCE E [US]


Patent No.: US4954338A  Issued: 04/Sep/1990

Title: Microbicidal microemulsion

Applicant/Assignee: ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY

Application No.: 209620   Filing Date: 22/Jun/1988

Abstract: US 4954338 A 19900904 US4954338 19900904 US19880209620 19880622 209620 US19880209620 19880622 US19870081922 19870805 81,922 ROHM & HAAS [US] ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY MATTOX JOHN R [US] MATTOX, JOHN R Microbicidal microemulsion

Priority: US1987-081922 Applic. Date: 1987-08-05

Inventor: MATTOX JOHN R [US]


Patent No.: US4956447A  Issued: 11/Sep/1990

Title: Rinse-added fabric conditioning compositions containing fabric sofening agents and cationic polyester soil release polymers and preferred cationic soil release polymers therefor

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 354549   Filing Date: 19/May/1989

Abstract: US 4956447 A 19900911 US4956447 19900911 US19890354549 19890519 354549 US19890354549 19890519 354549 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY GOSSELINK EUGENE P [US] HARDY FREDERICK E [GB] TRINH TOAN [US] GOSSELINK, EUGENE P, HARDY, FREDERICK E, TRINH, TOAN Rinse-added fabric conditioning compositions containing fabric sofening agents and cationic polyester soil release polymers and preferred cationic soil release polymers therefor

Priority:

Inventor: GOSSELINK EUGENE P [US]; HARDY FREDERICK E [GB]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US4961753A  Issued: 09/Oct/1990

Title: Compositions and process for the treatment of textiles

Applicant/Assignee: DOW CORNING LIMITED

Application No.: 383692   Filing Date: 24/Jul/1989

Abstract:

Aqueous compositions comprising water having dispersed therein (A) a cationic compound which is substantive to water rinse on textile fabrics and (B) a mixture of a high viscosity polydiorganosiloxane and one or more methylsiloxanes having from 2 to 8 silicon atoms in the molecule. The compositions are useful as fabric conditioners in domestic and commercial laundry operations.

Priority: GB19880017961 Applic. Date: 1988-07-28

Inventor: DONKERS ANNEMIEKE C M [BE]; SAWICKI GEORGE C [BE]


Patent No.: US4964873A  Issued: 23/Oct/1990

Title: Fabric conditioning method

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 326478   Filing Date: 20/Mar/1989

Abstract:

A method of laundering fabrics includes treating the fabrics with a fabric softening agent, which may be a cationic or nonionic material, and a drape imparting agent, such as a vinyl acetate/vinyl chloride copolymer, in the form of positively charged water-insoluble thermoplastic particles having a softening point of 25 DEG -200 DEG C., especially above 50 DEG C. When selected fabrics are ironed above this softening temperature, the particles coalesce to form a drape imparting film on the fabric while the remaining non-ironed fabrics exhibit a softening benefit.

Priority: GB19850000959 Applic. Date: 1985-01-15

Inventor: DUFFIN BRYAN [GB]; HAQ ZIA [GB]


Patent No.: US4965000A  Issued: 23/Oct/1990

Title: Fabric softener composition and laundry cleaning article containing same

Applicant/Assignee: KIMBERLY-CLARK CORPORATION

Application No.: 376064   Filing Date: 05/Jul/1989

Abstract:

A fabric softener composition, which can pass through the wash cycle of a clothes washer, comprises a fabric softener, polystyrene, a plasticizer, and a long chain alcohol. The fabric softener composition is particularly suitable in combination with a web substrate, preferably a web substrate containing liquid laundry detergent to provide a single product for washing and softening clothes.

Priority:

Inventor: POTTS DAVID C [US]; WIN MAUG H [US]; GARVEY LEE P [US]


Patent No.: US4965100A  Issued: 23/Oct/1990

Title: Conditioning of fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: UNILEVER PATENT HOLDINGS B.V

Application No.: 409702   Filing Date: 20/Sep/1989

Abstract: US 4965100 A 19901023 US4965100 19901023 US19890409702 19890920 409702 GB19880023007 19880930 8823007 UNILEVER PATENT HOLDINGS [NL] UNILEVER PATENT HOLDINGS B.V LEIGH ARTHUR G [GB] WRAIGE DOUGLAS [GB] LEIGH, ARTHUR G, WRAIGE, DOUGLAS Conditioning of fabrics

Priority: GB19880023007 Applic. Date: 1988-09-30

Inventor: LEIGH ARTHUR G [GB]; WRAIGE DOUGLAS [GB]


Patent No.: US4973417A  Issued: 27/Nov/1990

Title: Enteric coated detergent enzymes

Applicant/Assignee: NOVO INDUSTRI A/S

Application No.: 144175   Filing Date: 15/Jan/1988

Abstract: US 4973417 A 19901127 US4973417 19901127 US19880144175 19880115 144175 DK19860002355 19860521 DK19860005805 19861203 2355/86 5805/86 NOVO INDUSTRI AS [DK] NOVO INDUSTRI A/S FALHOLT PER [DK] FALHOLT, PER Enteric coated detergent enzymes

Priority: DK19860002355 Applic. Date: 1986-05-21; DK19860005805 Applic. Date: 1986-12-03

Inventor: FALHOLT PER [DK]


Patent No.: US4983315A  Issued: 08/Jan/1991

Title: N,N'-(1-oxo-1,2-ethanediyl)-bis(aspartic acid), salts and use in detergent compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 392168   Filing Date: 10/Aug/1989

Abstract: US 4983315 A 19910108 US4983315 19910108 US19890392168 19890810 392168 US19890392168 19890810 392168 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY GLOGOWSKI MARK W [US] HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US] HEINZMAN STEPHEN W [US] PERKINS CHRISTOPHER M [US] GLOGOWSKI, MARK W, HARTMAN, FREDERICK A, HEINZMAN, STEPHEN W, PERKINS, CHRISTOPHER M N,N'-(1-oxo-1,2-ethanediyl)-bis(aspartic acid), salts and use in detergent compositions

Priority:

Inventor: GLOGOWSKI MARK W [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US]; HEINZMAN STEPHEN W [US]; PERKINS CHRISTOPHER M [US]


Patent No.: US4983316A  Issued: 08/Jan/1991

Title: Dispersible silicone antifoam formulations

Applicant/Assignee: DOW CORNING CORPORATION

Application No.: 228079   Filing Date: 04/Aug/1988

Abstract: US 4983316 A 19910108 US4983316 19910108 US19880228079 19880804 228079 US19880228079 19880804 228079 DOW CORNING [US] DOW CORNING CORPORATION STARCH MICHAEL S [US] STARCH, MICHAEL S Dispersible silicone antifoam formulations

Priority:

Inventor: STARCH MICHAEL S [US]


Patent No.: US4988451A  Issued: 29/Jan/1991

Title: Stabilization of particles containing quaternary ammonium bleach precursors

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 366121   Filing Date: 14/Jun/1989

Abstract: US 4988451 A 19910129 US4988451 19910129 US19890366121 19890614 366121 US19890366121 19890614 366121 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC NUNN CHARLES C [US] WORLEY WILLIAM J [US] NUNN, CHARLES C, WORLEY, WILLIAM J Stabilization of particles containing quaternary ammonium bleach precursors

Priority:

Inventor: NUNN CHARLES C [US]; WORLEY WILLIAM J [US]


Patent No.: US4997587A  Issued: 05/Mar/1991

Title: Washing and cleaning agents containing beta -alanine-N,N-diacetic acid

Applicant/Assignee: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 394935   Filing Date: 17/Aug/1989

Abstract:

Washing and cleaning agents for aqueous use contain from 2 to 25% by weight, based on the total weight of the agent, of beta -alanine-N,N-diacetic acid or an alkali metal or ammonium salt thereof as water softener. The washing and cleaning agent is effective in preventing hardness deposits on textiles and fabrics.

Priority: DE19883829847 Applic. Date: 1988-09-02

Inventor: BAUR RICHARD [DE]; GOUSETIS CHARALAMPOS [DE]; TRIESELT WOLFGANG [DE]; BOCHNITSCHEK WERNER [DE]; OFTRING ALFRED [DE]


Patent No.: US4999125A  Issued: 12/Mar/1991

Title: Granules of a detergent component coated with an organophilic clay

Applicant/Assignee: ECC INTERNATIONAL LIMITED

Application No.: 499166   Filing Date: 26/Mar/1990

Abstract: US 4999125 A 19910312 US4999125 19910312 US19900499166 19900326 499166 GB19890007346 19890331 8907346 ECC INT LTD [GB] ECC INTERNATIONAL LIMITED GOODMAN HOWARD [GB] GOODMAN, HOWARD Granules of a detergent component coated with an organophilic clay

Priority: GB19890007346 Applic. Date: 1989-03-31

Inventor: GOODMAN HOWARD [GB]


Patent No.: US5000869A  Issued: 19/Mar/1991

Title: Novel polymer coated bleaching composition

Applicant/Assignee: SAFE AID PRODUCTS, INC

Application No.: 480124   Filing Date: 14/Feb/1990

Abstract:

A fabric-safe bleaching and cleaning detergent composition comprising a bleach stable surfactant and a polymer coated halogenated glycoluril compound having the formula wherein each R is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C10 straight or branched chain alkyl, aryl or alkyl substituted aryl

each X is independently selected from hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine and at least one X is not hydrogen and n is 0 or 1. 1,3,4,6-tetrachloroglycoluril is the preferred bleaching agent. The polymer coating is capable of hydrating and dissolving at a pH of greater than 6.0, preferably 7.2 to 11.0, and more preferably 9.5 to 11.0. Polymeric pharmaceutical enteric coating materials are particularly suitable as a coating material for the present invention.

Priority:

Inventor: DITTERT LEWIS W [US]


Patent No.: US5002679A  Issued: 26/Mar/1991

Title: Bleach products

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 529671   Filing Date: 25/May/1990

Abstract:

The invention concerns a bleach product for use in the washing machine as an adjunct to a normal detergent powder or liquid. The product consists essentially of a particulate bleach compositon and which is substantially free of other detergent components and which is contained within a non-coated bag of sheet material having a porosity to air of 5,000 to 10,000 liters/m2/s. The bleach composition comprises sodium perborate with an activator such as tetraacetyl ethylenediamine or sodium octanoyloxybenzene sulphonate. Preferably at least 25 mole percent of the perborate is in monohydrate form in order to provide reduced malodor development on short storage.

Priority: GB19840010826 Applic. Date: 1984-04-27

Inventor: TAI HO T [FR]


Patent No.: US5002681A  Issued: 26/Mar/1991

Title: Jumbo particulate fabric softner composition

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 335917   Filing Date: 10/Apr/1989

Abstract: US 5002681 A 19910326 US5002681 19910326 US19890335917 19890410 335917 US19890335917 19890410 US19890318778 19890303 318,778 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY WIERENGA THOMAS J [US] HENSLEY CHARLES A [US] POLLARD RICKY A [US] KREMER BERNARD K [US] WIERENGA, THOMAS J, HENSLEY, CHARLES A, POLLARD, RICKY A, KREMER, BERNARD K Jumbo particulate fabric softner composition

Priority: US1989-318778 Applic. Date: 1989-03-03

Inventor: WIERENGA THOMAS J [US]; HENSLEY CHARLES A [US]; POLLARD RICKY A [US]; KREMER BERNARD K [US]


Patent No.: US5002682A  Issued: 26/Mar/1991

Title: Bleach compositions, their manufacture and use in bleach and laundry compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 603464   Filing Date: 24/Apr/1984

Abstract:

A bleach auxiliary for use as a peroxygen bleach catalyst comprising a water-soluble complex of iron and a multi-dentate ligand-forming chelating agent having defined bleach catalytic activity and hydrolytic and oxidative stability. The chelating agent is preferably a hydroxycarboxylic acid having the general formula I R[CnH2n-m(OH)m]CO2H I wherein R is CH2OH, CHO or CO2H, n is from 4 to 8 and m is from 3 to n, or a salt, lactone, ether, acid ester or boric ester thereof. Bleach and laundry compositions containing the complex are also disclosed.

Priority: GB19830011865 Applic. Date: 1983-04-29

Inventor: BRAGG CHARLES D [GB]; HARDY PAUL A [GB]


Patent No.: US5017301A  Issued: 21/May/1991

Title: Method for permanganate bleaching of fabric and garments

Applicant/Assignee: GENERAL CHEMICAL CORPORATION

Application No.: 278833   Filing Date: 02/Dec/1988

Abstract:

Permanganate based fabric bleaching processes, such as stone-washing processes, are substantially improved by utilizing a reducing composition comprising a metabisulfite and a sulfite in the washing step. The relative amounts of metabisulfite and sulfite in the reducing composition are selected so as to substantially eliminate the odor of sulfur dioxide during the washing step at the particular temperature selected. For washing temperatures of 100 DEG -140 DEG F. the preferred weight ratio of sodium metabisulfite to sodium sulfite is 7:3, which produces a reducing composition having a pH of 6.2 (in a 5% by weight solution). Such a composition not only allows operation at elevated temperatures without an odor of SO2, it also allows a reduction in the washing time and in the amount of reducing composition used.

Priority: US1988-149217 Applic. Date: 1988-01-27

Inventor: BEAN SAMUEL L [US]; DULIK MARK D [US]; MONOPOLI PETER A [US]


Patent No.: US5041230A  Issued: 20/Aug/1991

Title: Soil release polymer compositions having improved processability

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 480425   Filing Date: 15/Feb/1990

Abstract:

Polymeric soil release agents that have high viscosities when molten are difficult to process. Certain organic materials can be added to such agents to lower the viscosity and improve processing. Examples of such organic materials include fatty acids, some nonionic ethylene glycol derivatives, polyethylene or polypropylene glycols and their short alkyl chain ethers, certain polyhydroxy and alkyl ether solvents, and aryl ethers of propylene glycol.

Priority: US1988-194684 Applic. Date: 1988-05-16; US1989-353261 Applic. Date: 1989-05-17

Inventor: BORCHER SR THOMAS A [US]; DELGADO RODOLFO [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US5043089A  Issued: 27/Aug/1991

Title: P-sulphophenyl alkyl carbonates and detergent compositions and detergent additives containing these compounds

Applicant/Assignee: AKZO N.V

Application No.: 860585   Filing Date: 07/May/1986

Abstract:

The present disclosure relates to novel p-sulphophenyl alkyl carbonates, wherein the alkyl group contains 6 to 10 carbon atoms. These compounds are suitable bleaching activators. Also disclosed are detergent additives and detergent compositions containing these compounds.

Priority: NL19850001295 Applic. Date: 1985-05-07

Inventor: NOLLET ANDREAS J H [NL]; MEIJER JOHN [NL]; OVERKAMP JOHANNES W A [NL]


Patent No.: US5043090A  Issued: 27/Aug/1991

Title: Method for manufacturing toilet bowl cleaners containing iodophors

Applicant/Assignee: KIWI BRANDS, INC

Application No.: 488889   Filing Date: 05/Mar/1990

Abstract:

The invention is a process for manufacturing an iodophor filler for a lavatory cleaning cake. The process involves mixing in a dry-mixer means or "Turbulizer" a dry filler composition. The dry filler composition contains an adsorbent and the dry-mixer means provides a uniform turbulent flow of the dry filler composition as the composition passes through the dry-mixer means. The method then involves wetting the dry filler composition with a liquid iodophor while the composition is in the uniform turbulent flow. Agglomerating of the wetted filler composition then occurs within a controlled residence time of the wetted filler composition in the dry-mixer means whereby the iodophor is substantially, uniformly distributed throughout the dry filler composition. The dry filler composition, desirably, includes both a dry adsorbent and a dry absorbent. This invention includes the product of the process.

Priority:

Inventor: CAMP WILLIAM R [US]; BUNCZK CHARLES J [US]; BURKE PETER A [US]


Patent No.: US5055217A  Issued: 08/Oct/1991

Title: Polymer protected bleach precursors

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 543640   Filing Date: 20/Nov/1990

Abstract:

A particulate detergent composition additive is disclosed wherein each particle is an intimately blended mixture of a bleach precursor, a binder and a sugar. The binder is a non-crosslinked polymer having in an unplasticized form a Tg of at least 40 DEG C. Suitable sugars include sorbitol, glucose, sucrose and lactose.

Priority:

Inventor: GARCIA RIGOBERTO F [US]; COPPINGER ELIZABETH M [US]; IRWIN CHARLES F [US]; SANGIRARDI ANGELA M [US]


Patent No.: US5055218A  Issued: 08/Oct/1991

Title: BLEACH GRANULES CONTAINING AN AMIDOPEROXYACID

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 508994   Filing Date: 13/Apr/1990

Abstract:

This is a bleach granule comprising the nonylamide of peroxyadipic acid with a average particle size of about 0.1 to 260 microns, bleach-stable surfactant, and a hydratable, NAPAA-compatible material, e.g. sodium sulfate. The bleach granules are stable and are effective bleaching agents.

Priority:

Inventor: GETTY EDWARD E [US]; HUNTER KATHLEEN B [US]; SADLOWSKI EUGENE S [US]


Patent No.: US5061397A  Issued: 29/Oct/1991

Title: Coated clay granules

Applicant/Assignee: ECC INTERNATIONAL LIMITED

Application No.: 388142   Filing Date: 01/Aug/1989

Abstract:

There is disclosed a particulate inorganic material, suitable for use in a detergent composition, comprising base granules of a smectite clay coated with a white inorganic material. Also disclosed is a detergent composition comprising a particulate inorganic material and a process for making the particulate inorganic material.

Priority: GB19880018277 Applic. Date: 1988-08-01

Inventor: GOODMAN HOWARD [GB]


Patent No.: US5062971A  Issued: 05/Nov/1991

Title: Starch with silicone gel for ease of ironing and improved fabric appearance after ironing

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 534110   Filing Date: 06/Jun/1990

Abstract:

This invention relates to liquid starch containing compositions comprising a silicone gel for ease of ironing and improved appearance after ironing.

Priority:

Inventor: COFFINDAFFER TIMOTHY W [US]; BARTOLO ROBERT G [US]; BELFIORE KATHLEEN A [US]


Patent No.: US5062973A  Issued: 05/Nov/1991

Title: Stearate-based dryer-added fabric modifier sheet

Applicant/Assignee: CREATIVE PRODUCTS RESOURCE ASSOCIATES, LTD

Application No.: 521242   Filing Date: 09/May/1990

Abstract:

A fabric modifier sheet for in-dryer use is provided which comprises water, an organic solvent, and an amount of an alkali metal stearate effective to dimensionally stabilize the sheet, having uniformly distributed in said sheet an effective amount of one or more fabric modifying agents.

Priority: US1989-331870 Applic. Date: 1989-04-04

Inventor: KELLETT GEORGE W [US]


Patent No.: US5064543A  Issued: 12/Nov/1991

Title: Silicone gel for ease of ironing and better looking garments after ironing

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 534109   Filing Date: 06/Jun/1990

Abstract:

This invention relates to fabric care compositions comprising a silcone gel for ease of ironing and improved appearance after ironing.

Priority:

Inventor: COFFINDAFFER TIMOTHY W [US]; BARTOLO ROBERT G [US]; BELFIORE KATHLEEN A [US]


Patent No.: US5066413A  Issued: 19/Nov/1991

Title: Gelled, dryer-added fabric-modifier sheet

Applicant/Assignee: CREATIVE PRODUCTS RESOURCE ASSOCIATES, LTD

Application No.: 568836   Filing Date: 17/Aug/1990

Abstract:

A fabric-modifier sheet for in-dryer use in provided which comprises water, an organic solvent, and an amount of an organic gelling agent effective to dimensionally stabilize the sheet, having uniformly distributed in said sheet an effective amount of one or more fabric-modifying agents.

Priority: US1990-521242 Applic. Date: 1990-05-09; US1989-331870 Applic. Date: 1989-04-04

Inventor: KELLETT GEORGE W [US]


Patent No.: US5066419A  Issued: 19/Nov/1991

Title: COATED PERFUME PARTICLES

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, MINNESOTA MINING & MANUFACTURING CO

Application No.: 482441   Filing Date: 20/Feb/1990

Abstract:

Perfume particles comprise perfume dispersed within certain water-insoluble nonpolymeric carrier materials and encapsulated in a protective shell by coating with a friable coating material. The coated particles allow for preservation and protection of perfumes which are susceptible to degradation or loss in storage and in cleaning compositions. In use, the surface coating fractures and the underlying carrier/perfume particles efficiently deliver a large variety of perfume types to fabrics or other surfaces.

Priority:

Inventor: WALLEY DARLENE R [US]; BUTTERY HOWARD J [US]; NORBURY ROBERT J [US]; SCHMIDT DIANE G [US]; MICHAEL WILLIAM R [US]


Patent No.: US5077119A  Issued: 31/Dec/1991

Title: FABRIC CONDITIONING

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 505196   Filing Date: 05/Apr/1990

Abstract: US 5077119 A 19911231 US5077119 19911231 US19900505196 19900405 505196 GB19890008009 19890410 8908009 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC WRAIGE DOUGLAS [GB] WRAIGE, DOUGLAS FABRIC CONDITIONING

Priority: GB19890008009 Applic. Date: 1989-04-10

Inventor: WRAIGE DOUGLAS [GB]


Patent No.: US5082578A  Issued: 21/Jan/1992

Title: Fabric care compositions containing a polymeric fluorescent whitening agent

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 626074   Filing Date: 11/Dec/1990

Abstract:

The present invention pertains to fabric detergent and fabric care compositions comprising a surfactant and a polymeric whitening agent which contains both a fluorescent portion and a hydrophilic portion. The use of these copolymers allows certain substrates, such as polyester or soiled cottons, to be brightened more readily then previously known.

Priority:

Inventor: LANGER MATTHEW E [US]; KHORSHAHI FERIAL [US]; ARONSON MICHAEL P [US]; HESSEL JOHN F [US]


Patent No.: US5089148A  Issued: 18/Feb/1992

Title: Liquid fabric conditioner containing fabric softener and peach colorant

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 618442   Filing Date: 27/Nov/1990

Abstract:

A liquid fabric conditioning composition comprising about 1% to about 40% by weight of a fabric softening component and a colorant system comprising a yellow colorant selected from the group consisting of C.I. Acid Yellow No. 17, C.I. Solvent Yellow #33 and C.I. Acid Yellow #3 and a red colorant selected from the group consisting of C.I. Reactive Red #56, C.I. Reactive Red #147 and C.I. Acid Red #52.

Priority:

Inventor: VAN BLARCOM DAVID [US]; JOHNSON DONNA E [US]


Patent No.: US5094761A  Issued: 10/Mar/1992

Title: TREATMENT OF FABRIC WITH PERFUME/CYCLODEXTRIN COMPLEXES

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 337037   Filing Date: 12/Apr/1989

Abstract: US 5094761 A 19920310 US5094761 19920310 US19890337037 19890412 337037 US19890337037 19890412 337037 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY TRINH TOAN [US] GARDLIK JOHN M [US] BANKS TODD J [US] BENVEGNU FERNANDO [US] TRINH, TOAN, GARDLIK, JOHN M, BANKS, TODD J, BENVEGNU, FERNANDO TREATMENT OF FABRIC WITH PERFUME/CYCLODEXTRIN COMPLEXES

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; GARDLIK JOHN M [US]; BANKS TODD J [US]; BENVEGNU FERNANDO [US]


Patent No.: US5100566A  Issued: 31/Mar/1992

Title: Fabric wrinkle reduction composition and method

Applicant/Assignee: DOW CORNING CORPORATION

Application No.: 650115   Filing Date: 04/Feb/1991

Abstract:

A method of reducing wrinkles in fabrics by applying to the fabrics to be treated an aqueous alcoholic solution of an anionic siliconate having the formula (MO)AO(3-a)/2Si-R-Yb wherein M is an alkali metal cation or hydrogen

R is an organic linking group

Y is an alkali metal salt of an oxyacid

a is an integer having a value of from one to three

and b is an integer having a value of from 0.5 to three. A composition including a mixture of the anionic siliconate with glycerin is also disclosed.

Priority:

Inventor: AGBOMEIRELE PATRICIA G [US]; LANE THOMAS H [US]


Patent No.: US5102564A  Issued: 07/Apr/1992

Title: TREATMENT OF FABRIC WITH PERFUME/CYCLODEXTRIN COMPLEXES

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 337036   Filing Date: 12/Apr/1989

Abstract: US 5102564 A 19920407 US5102564 19920407 US19890337036 19890412 337036 US19890337036 19890412 337036 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY GARDLIK JOHN M [US] TRINH TOAN [US] BANKS TODD J [US] BENVEGNU FERNANDO [US] GARDLIK, JOHN M, TRINH, TOAN, BANKS, TODD J, BENVEGNU, FERNANDO TREATMENT OF FABRIC WITH PERFUME/CYCLODEXTRIN COMPLEXES

Priority:

Inventor: GARDLIK JOHN M [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; BANKS TODD J [US]; BENVEGNU FERNANDO [US]


Patent No.: US5104555A  Issued: 14/Apr/1992

Title: FABRIC TREATMENT COMPOSITION WITH SOFTENING PROPERTIES

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 592424   Filing Date: 03/Oct/1990

Abstract: US 5104555 A 19920414 US5104555 19920414 US19900592424 19901003 592424 GB19890022595 19891006 8922595 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC FOSTER FRANCIS G [GB] TURNER GRAHAM A [GB] FOSTER, FRANCIS G, TURNER, GRAHAM A FABRIC TREATMENT COMPOSITION WITH SOFTENING PROPERTIES

Priority: GB19890022595 Applic. Date: 1989-10-06

Inventor: FOSTER FRANCIS G [GB]; TURNER GRAHAM A [GB]


Patent No.: US5106523A  Issued: 21/Apr/1992

Title: THICKENED ACIDIC LIQUID COMPOSITION WITH AMINE FWA USEFUL AS A BLEACHING AGENT VEHICLE

Applicant/Assignee: THE CLOROX COMPANY

Application No.: 367375   Filing Date: 16/Jun/1989

Abstract: US 5106523 A 19920421 US5106523 19920421 US19890367375 19890616 367375 US19890367375 19890616 367375 CLOROX CO [US] THE CLOROX COMPANY PETERSON DAVID [US] PETERSON, DAVID THICKENED ACIDIC LIQUID COMPOSITION WITH AMINE FWA USEFUL AS A BLEACHING AGENT VEHICLE

Priority:

Inventor: PETERSON DAVID [US]


Patent No.: US5108628A  Issued: 28/Apr/1992

Title: TEXTILE SOFTENERS

Applicant/Assignee: HENKEL KOMMANDITGESELLSCHAFT AUF AKTIEN

Application No.: 690885   Filing Date: 12/Jun/1991

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP89/01486 Sec. 371 Date Jun. 12, 1991 Sec. 102(e) Date Jun. 12, 1991 PCT Filed Dec. 5, 1989 PCT Pub. No. WO90/06984 PCT Pub. Date Jun. 28, 1990.Aliphatic carboxylic acid amidoamines obtained by condensation of polyamines and mixtures of carboxylic acids containing aliphatic ether carboxylic acids are useful as textile softeners in baths having a high electrolyte and/or anionic optical brightener content.

Priority: DE19883842057 Applic. Date: 1988-12-14

Inventor: UPHUES GUENTER [DE]; PLOOG UWE [DE]; BISCHOF KLAUDIA [DE]; SCHLUETER KASPAR [DE]


Patent No.: US5112688A  Issued: 12/May/1992

Title: Microcapsules containing hydrophobic liquid core

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 624484   Filing Date: 06/Dec/1990

Abstract:

Microcapsules which are prepared using coacervation processes and/or which have a complex structure in which there is a large central core of encapsulated material, preferably perfume, and the walls contain small wall inclusion particles of either the core material or some other material that can be activated to disrupt the wall are disclosed. The microcapsules that are prepared by coacervation and contain perfume are especially desirable for inclusion in fabric softener compositions that have a pH of about 7 or less and which contain cationic fabric softener. The encapsulated perfume preferably does not contain large amounts of relatively water-soluble ingredients. Such ingredients are added separately to the fabric softener compositions. Ingredients that have high and low volatilities as compared to, e.g., the desired perfume, can either be added to, or removed from, the perfume to achieve the desired volatility.

Priority: US1989-316252 Applic. Date: 1989-02-27

Inventor: MICHAEL DANIEL W [US]


Patent No.: US5116520A  Issued: 26/May/1992

Title: FABRIC SOFTENING AND ANTI-STATIC COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING A QUATERNIZED DI-SUBSTITUTED IMIDAZOLINE ESTER FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOUND WITH A NONIONIC FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOUND

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO

Application No.: 542843   Filing Date: 25/Jun/1990

Abstract: US 5116520 A 19920526 US5116520 19920526 US19900542843 19900625 542843 US19900542843 19900625 US19890403549 19890906 403,549 PROCTER & GAMBLE [US] THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO LICHTENWALTER GLEN D [US] ROSARIO-JANSEN THERESA [US] WAHL ERROL H [US] LICHTENWALTER, GLEN D, ROSARIO-JANSEN, THERESA, WAHL, ERROL H FABRIC SOFTENING AND ANTI-STATIC COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING A QUATERNIZED DI-SUBSTITUTED IMIDAZOLINE ESTER FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOUND WITH A NONIONIC FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOUND

Priority: US1989-403549 Applic. Date: 1989-09-06

Inventor: LICHTENWALTER GLEN D [US]; ROSARIO-JANSEN THERESA [US]; WAHL ERROL H [US]


Patent No.: US5120465A  Issued: 09/Jun/1992

Title: Detergent or cleansing composition and additive for imparting thixotropic properties thereto

Applicant/Assignee: DRY BRANCH KAOLIN COMPANY

Application No.: 484100   Filing Date: 22/Feb/1990

Abstract:

A thickening or suspending agent for imparting thixotropic properties to aqueous compositions, particularly LADD formulations, comprises a kaolinite clay admixed to the formulation at a level ranging from about 2% to about 5% by weight. While the thickening or suspending properties of the kaolinite clay are exhibited over a very broad range of particle size products, the kaolinite clay used advantageously has a particle size distribution of at least about 50% of the kaolin particles thereof have a particle size less than 2 microns equivalent spherical diameter, more preferably at least about 80% and, most perferably, at least about 95%. When utilized in a slurry form, the kaolinite clay based thickening or suspending agent most advantageously comprises an aqueous slurry of kaolinite particles at a solids level of at least 65% solids by weight. The thickening or suspending agent may also comprise a mixture of a kaolinite clay and a non-kaolinite selected from the group consisting of a smectite clay, attapulgite clay and mixtures thereof, preferably as a mixture of equal parts of kaolinite clay and attapulgite clay, and most preferably as a mixture of equal parts of a kaolinite clay and a bentonite clay.

Priority:

Inventor: SARE EDWARD J [US]; LARSON GEORGE P [US]; BOTTA FRANK J [US]


Patent No.: US5128053A  Issued: 07/Jul/1992

Title: COMPOSITION AND PROCESS FOR TREATING FABRICS IN CLOTHES DRYERS

Applicant/Assignee: SHEREX CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC

Application No.: 651577   Filing Date: 06/Feb/1991

Abstract: US 5128053 A 19920707 US5128053 19920707 US19910651577 19910206 651577 US19910651577 19910206 651577 SHEREX CHEM [US] SHEREX CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC GUMMO GENE A [US] EARL GARY W [US] JOHNSTON NANCY [US] GUMMO, GENE A, EARL, GARY W, JOHNSTON, NANCY COMPOSITION AND PROCESS FOR TREATING FABRICS IN CLOTHES DRYERS

Priority:

Inventor: GUMMO GENE A [US]; EARL GARY W [US]; JOHNSTON NANCY [US]


Patent No.: US5130035A  Issued: 14/Jul/1992

Title: Liquid fabric conditioner containing fabric softener and red dye

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 759964   Filing Date: 16/Sep/1991

Abstract:

Liquid fabric conditioning compositions of an aesthetically pleasing, substantially non-fading pink color. The compositions incorporate a cationic fabric softening compound and 1 ppm to 1000 ppm of selected water-soluble red colorants.

Priority: US1990-618440 Applic. Date: 1990-11-27

Inventor: DELL ARMO LISA A [US]; LEW JEANIE [US]


Patent No.: US5130044A  Issued: 14/Jul/1992

Title: Delayed onset active oxygen bleach composition

Applicant/Assignee: THE CLOROX COMPANY

Application No.: 304869   Filing Date: 31/Jan/1989

Abstract:

Peroxygen bleach compositions which can be used together with oxygen-sensitive wash aids are disclosed. Combination products comprising these bleach compositions together with the oxygen sensitive wash aids are disclosed as well as are methods of laundering employing them. The bleach compositions include a peroxygen source, a surface active or hydrotropic bleach activator or catalyst therefor and a quaternary ammonium salt. As compared to equivalent compositions not containing the quaternary ammonium salt, these bleach compositions are characterized by a delayed onset of active oxygen production when they are added to wash solutions. When these bleach compositions are used in combination with oxygen-sensitive wash aids, the sensitive wash aids have an initial period when they can act before the active oxygen level rises to a level that it interferes with their action. The bleach compositions of this invention which contain the added quaternary ammonium salt are also characterized by achieving higher ultimate levels of active oxygen than do equivalent compositions which do not contain the ammonium salt.

Priority: US1987-115269 Applic. Date: 1987-10-30

Inventor: MITCHELL FRANCES E [US]; DELEEUW DAVID L [US]


Patent No.: US5130045A  Issued: 14/Jul/1992

Title: Delayed onset active oxygen bleach composition

Applicant/Assignee: THE CLOROX COMPANY

Application No.: 534098   Filing Date: 05/Jun/1990

Abstract:

Peroxygen bleach compositions which can be used together with oxygen-sensitive wash aids are disclosed. Combination products comprising these bleach compositions together with the oxygen sensitive wash aids are disclosed as well as are methods of laundering employing them. The bleach compositions include a peroxygen source, a surface active or hydrotropic bleach activator or catalyst therefor and a quaternary ammonium salt. As compared to equivalent compositions not containing the quaternary ammonium salt, these bleach compositions are characterized by a delayed onset of active oxygen production when they are added to wash solutions. When these bleach compositions are used in combination with oxygen-sensitive wash aids, the sensitive wash aids have an initial period when they can act before the active oxygen level rises to a level that it interferes with their action. The bleach compositions of this invention which contain the added quaternary ammonium salt are also characterized by achieving higher ultimate levels of active oxygen than do equivalent compositions which do not contain the ammonium salt.

Priority: US1987-115269 Applic. Date: 1987-10-30; US1989-304869 Applic. Date: 1989-01-31

Inventor: MITCHELL FRANCES E [US]; DELEEUW DAVID L [US]


Patent No.: US5132036A  Issued: 21/Jul/1992

Title: LAUNDRY TREATMENT PRODUCT

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 566653   Filing Date: 13/Aug/1990

Abstract: US 5132036 A 19920721 US5132036 19920721 US19900566653 19900813 566653 GB19890019120 19890823 GB19890027433 19891205 8919120 8927433 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC FALOU MOHAMAD S [GB] FINCH TIMOTHY D [GB] GARNER-GRAY PETER F [GB] HIGHT ANDREW T [GB] MURPHY MARTIN J [GB] NEWBOLD GEOFFREY [GB] NIVEN IAN E [GB] SAVILL DEREK G [GB] FALOU, MOHAMAD S, FINCH, TIMOTHY D, GARNER-GRAY, PETER F, HIGHT, ANDREW T, MURPHY, MARTIN J, NEWBOLD, GEOFFREY, NIVEN, IAN E, SAVILL, DEREK G LAUNDRY TREATMENT PRODUCT

Priority: GB19890019120 Applic. Date: 1989-08-23; GB19890027433 Applic. Date: 1989-12-05

Inventor: FALOU MOHAMAD S [GB]; FINCH TIMOTHY D [GB]; GARNER-GRAY PETER F [GB]; HIGHT ANDREW T [GB]; MURPHY MARTIN J [GB]; NEWBOLD GEOFFREY [GB]; NIVEN IAN E [GB]; SAVILL DEREK G [GB]


Patent No.: US5145596A  Issued: 08/Sep/1992

Title: ANTIMICROBIAL RINSE CYCLE ADDITIVE

Applicant/Assignee: DOW CORNING CORPORATION

Application No.: 390050   Filing Date: 07/Aug/1989

Abstract: US 5145596 A 19920908 US5145596 19920908 US19890390050 19890807 390050 US19890390050 19890807 390050 DOW CORNING [US] DOW CORNING CORPORATION BLANK LYNNE M B [US] WHITE WILLIAM C [US] BLANK, LYNNE M. B, WHITE, WILLIAM C ANTIMICROBIAL RINSE CYCLE ADDITIVE

Priority:

Inventor: BLANK LYNNE M B [US]; WHITE WILLIAM C [US]


Patent No.: US5147578A  Issued: 15/Sep/1992

Title: AMINO/POLYOXYALKYLENATED POLYDIORGANOSILOXANES

Applicant/Assignee: RHONE-POULENC CHIMIE

Application No.: 769789   Filing Date: 02/Oct/1991

Abstract: US 5147578 A 19920915 US5147578 19920915 US19910769789 19911002 769789 FR19890008581 19890622 542,120 89 08581 RHONE POULENC CHIMIE [FR] RHONE-POULENC CHIMIE KIRK JAMES R [GB] KIRK, JAMES R AMINO/POLYOXYALKYLENATED POLYDIORGANOSILOXANES

Priority: FR19890008581 Applic. Date: 1989-06-22

Inventor: KIRK JAMES R [GB]


Patent No.: US5149463A  Issued: 22/Sep/1992

Title: THICKENED ACIDIC LIQUID COMPOSITION WITH SULFONATE FWA USEFUL AS A BLEACHING AGENT VEHICLE

Applicant/Assignee: THE CLOROX COMPANY

Application No.: 342800   Filing Date: 21/Apr/1989

Abstract: US 5149463 A 19920922 US5149463 19920922 US19890342800 19890421 342800 US19890342800 19890421 342800 CLOROX CO [US] THE CLOROX COMPANY PETERSON DAVID [US] PETERSON, DAVID THICKENED ACIDIC LIQUID COMPOSITION WITH SULFONATE FWA USEFUL AS A BLEACHING AGENT VEHICLE

Priority:

Inventor: PETERSON DAVID [US]


Patent No.: US5154842A  Issued: 13/Oct/1992

Title: Coated perfume particles

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, MINNESOTA MINING & MANUFACTURING COMPANY

Application No.: 649098   Filing Date: 01/Feb/1991

Abstract:

Perfume particles comprise perfume dispersed within certain water-insoluble nonpolymeric carrier materials and encapsulated in a protective shell by coating with a friable coating material. The coated particles allow for preservation and protection of perfumes which are susceptible to degradation or loss in storage and in cleaning compositions. In use, the surface coating fractures and the underlying carrier/perfume particles efficiently deliver a large variety of perfume types to fabrics or other surfaces.

Priority: US1990-482441 Applic. Date: 1990-02-20

Inventor: WALLEY DARLENE R [US]; BUTTERY HOWARD J [US]; NORBURY ROBERT J [US]; SCMIDT DIANE G [US]; MICHAEL WILLIAM R [US]


Patent No.: US5160654A  Issued: 03/Nov/1992

Title: LAUNDRY TREATMENT PRODUCT

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 566635   Filing Date: 13/Aug/1990

Abstract: US 5160654 A 19921103 US5160654 19921103 US19900566635 19900813 566635 GB19890019120 19890823 GB19890027433 19891205 8919120 8927433 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC FALOU MOHAMAD S [GB] FINCH TIMOTHY D [GB] GARNER-GRAY PETER F [GB] HIGHT ANDREW T [GB] MURPHY MARTIN M [GB] NEWBOLD GEOFFREY [GB] NIVEN IAN E [GB] SAVILL DEREK G [GB] FALOU, MOHAMAD S, FINCH, TIMOTHY D, GARNER-GRAY, PETER F, HIGHT, ANDREW T, MURPHY, MARTIN M, NEWBOLD, GEOFFREY, NIVEN, IAN E, SAVILL, DEREK G LAUNDRY TREATMENT PRODUCT

Priority: GB19890019120 Applic. Date: 1989-08-23; GB19890027433 Applic. Date: 1989-12-05

Inventor: FALOU MOHAMAD S [GB]; FINCH TIMOTHY D [GB]; GARNER-GRAY PETER F [GB]; HIGHT ANDREW T [GB]; MURPHY MARTIN M [GB]; NEWBOLD GEOFFREY [GB]; NIVEN IAN E [GB]; SAVILL DEREK G [GB]


Patent No.: US5164100A  Issued: 17/Nov/1992

Title: Fabric softener compositions containing a polymeric fluorescent whitening agent

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 767287   Filing Date: 27/Sep/1991

Abstract:

The present invention pertains to fabric softener compositions comprising a surfactant, a fatty acid and a polymeric whitening agent which contains both a fluorescent portion and a hydrophilic portion. Applicants have shown that the polymers can be used in (1) softener compositions wherein biodegradable cationic surfactants are used

and (2) in concentrated softener compositions (i.e., compositions containing 40-80% fabric softener). In concentrated compositions, desirably the use of FFA is minimized or eliminated.

Priority: US1990-626074 Applic. Date: 1990-12-11

Inventor: LANGER MATTHEW E [US]; KHORSHAHI FERIAL [US]; HESSEL JOHN F [US]; ELLIS SIMON R [GB]


Patent No.: US5167852A  Issued: 01/Dec/1992

Title: PROCESS FOR PREPARING PARTICULATE DETERGENT ADDITIVE BODIES AND USE THEREOF IN DETERGENT COMPOSITIONS

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO INC

Application No.: 604030   Filing Date: 24/Oct/1990

Abstract: US 5167852 A 19921201 US5167852 19921201 US19900604030 19901024 604030 GB19890025621 19891113 8925621 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO INC EMERY WILLIAM D [GB] ILEY WILLIAM J [GB] KNIGHT PETER C [GB] EMERY, WILLIAM D, ILEY, WILLIAM J, KNIGHT, PETER C PROCESS FOR PREPARING PARTICULATE DETERGENT ADDITIVE BODIES AND USE THEREOF IN DETERGENT COMPOSITIONS

Priority: GB19890025621 Applic. Date: 1989-11-13

Inventor: EMERY WILLIAM D [GB]; ILEY WILLIAM J [GB]; KNIGHT PETER C [GB]


Patent No.: US5173200A  Issued: 22/Dec/1992

Title: Low-solvent gelled dryer-added fabric softener sheet

Applicant/Assignee: CREATIVE PRODUCTS RESOURCE ASSOCIATES, LTD

Application No.: 783501   Filing Date: 28/Oct/1991

Abstract:

A low-solvent fabric-modifier sheet for in-dryer use is provided which comprises water, a polyalkylene glycol, and an amount of an organic gelling agent effective to dimensionally stabilize the sheet, having uniformly distributed in said sheet an effective amount of at least one zwitterionic fabric-softening agent.

Priority: US1989-331870 Applic. Date: 1989-04-04; US1990-521242 Applic. Date: 1990-05-09; US1990-568836 Applic. Date: 1990-08-17

Inventor: KELLETT GEORGE W [US]


Patent No.: US5182033A  Issued: 26/Jan/1993

Title: POLYAMIDE SALTS

Applicant/Assignee: SHEREX CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC

Application No.: 715381   Filing Date: 14/Jun/1991

Abstract: US 5182033 A 19930126 US5182033 19930126 US19910715381 19910614 715381 US19910715381 19910614 715381 SHEREX CHEM [US] SHEREX CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC LAGERMAN ROBERT K [US] LAGERMAN, ROBERT K POLYAMIDE SALTS

Priority:

Inventor: LAGERMAN ROBERT K [US]


Patent No.: US5183580A  Issued: 02/Feb/1993

Title: Liquid fabric conditioner containing fabric softener and green colorant

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO INC

Application No.: 618443   Filing Date: 27/Nov/1990

Abstract:

Liquid fabric conditioning compositions of an aesthetically pleasing green color. The compositions incorporate a cationic fabric softening compound and 1 ppm to 1000 ppm of selected green colorants.

Priority:

Inventor: LEW JEANIE [US]; BORY BARBARA H [US]


Patent No.: US5188753A  Issued: 23/Feb/1993

Title: Detergent composition containing coated perfume particles

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, MINNESOTA MINING & MAANUFACTURING COMPANY

Application No.: 719057   Filing Date: 21/Jun/1991

Abstract:

Perfume particles comprise perfume dispersed within certain water-soluble polymeric carrier materials and encapsulated in a protective shell by coating with a friable coating material. The coated particles allow for preservation and protection of perfumes which are susceptible to degradation or loss in storage and in harsh cleaning conditions. In use, the surface coating fractures and the underlying carrier/perfume particles efficiently deliver a large variety of perfume types to fabrics or other surfaces.

Priority: US1989-350434 Applic. Date: 1989-05-11

Inventor: SCHMIDT DIANE G [US]; BUTTERY HOWARD J [US]; NORBURY ROBERT J [US]


Patent No.: US5196132A  Issued: 23/Mar/1993

Title: Unit-dose drycleaning product

Applicant/Assignee: FABRITEC INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION

Application No.: 678599   Filing Date: 01/Apr/1991

Abstract:

The present invention is directed to a novel single, unit-dose drycleaning article in which at least a portion thereof dissolves in a drycleaning solvent during the drycleaning cycle for releasing a premeasured amount of a drycleaning additive contained within the article. The single, unit-dose drycleaning article is generally in the form of a sealed tub formed of a polystyrene. The unit-dose tub preferably dissolves within about one minute after being in contact with the drycleaning solvent to ensure release and adequate mixing of the drycleaning additive with the drycleaning solvent to effect maximum drycleaning results. In an alternative form, the single, unit-dose drycleaning article may be partially formed with a material that dissolves in a drycleaning solvent. In that form, it is preferred to locate the single, unit-dose drycleaning article in a sealable enclosure, such as a sealable bag, net or basket, which is formed of a material that is drycleaning solvent-insoluble, drycleaning solvent-permeable, such as a polyethylene, polypropylene, nylon, polyester, cotton, metal, etc., so that the remaining or non-dissolved portion of the single, unit-dose drycleaning article can be retrieved at the end of the drycleaning cycle.

Priority: US1989-318595 Applic. Date: 1989-03-03

Inventor: MAINS HAROLD E [US]; PIEPMEYER JOSEPH A [US]


Patent No.: US5196139A  Issued: 23/Mar/1993

Title: Bleach article containing polyacrylate or copolymer of acrylic and maleic

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 685975   Filing Date: 15/Apr/1991

Abstract:

A thickened chlorine bleach slurry comprising a dry chlorine bleach compound, a dispersant and water having improved slurry stability and bleaching activity. The composition may be applied to and dried on a water-insoluble substrate for a laundry bleaching product which, when placed in the wash liquor, releases the chlorine bleach.

Priority: US1989-368437 Applic. Date: 1989-06-19

Inventor: MOSCHNER KARL [US]


Patent No.: US5198198A  Issued: 30/Mar/1993

Title: Article comprising a water soluble bag containing a multiple use amount of a pelletized functional material and methods of its use

Applicant/Assignee: ECOLAB INC

Application No.: 439796   Filing Date: 21/Nov/1989

Abstract:

An article comprising a water soluble container containing a multiple use amount of a pelletized functional composition such as a fabric treatment composition, a warewashing composition, a laundry composition, a pot and pan presoak composition, a silverware presoak composition, a floor cleaner composition, a rinse additive composition, a disinfectant composition, a sanitizer composition, a general purpose cleaner composition, etc. The article may be optionally enclosed in a water impervious outerwrap. A method for using the article by placing the article inside a dispenser wherein the article is contracted with water having a sufficient temperature and pressure to dissolve the water soluble bag and the pelletized functional material contained therein in order to form a solution.

Priority: US1987-104458 Applic. Date: 1987-10-02; US1989-368085 Applic. Date: 1989-06-16

Inventor: GLADFELTER ELIZABETH J [US]; SLOCUMB SHERYL D [US]


Patent No.: US5200097A  Issued: 06/Apr/1993

Title: Process for making a particulate water dispersible free flowing fabric softener composition

Applicant/Assignee: SHEREX CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC

Application No.: 512887   Filing Date: 23/Apr/1990

Abstract:

The addition of up to 15 percent by weight of a polyoxyalkylene derivative to a fatty acid derived bis(alkylamidoalkyl)amine derived quaternary salt permits the atomization of the latter in conventional equipment. The resulting fabric softening product is in the desirable form of a free flowing solid, water dispersible powder.

Priority: US1988-233340 Applic. Date: 1988-05-31; US1989-354476 Applic. Date: 1989-05-19

Inventor: HUGHES LEONARD [US]; FULLER JAMES G [US]; ZEMAN WILLIAM J [US]


Patent No.: US5200236A  Issued: 06/Apr/1993

Title: Method for wax encapsulating particles

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 688692   Filing Date: 24/Apr/1991

Abstract:

Solid core particles encapsulated in a single coat of paraffin wax, the wax having a melting point of about 40 DEG to about 50 DEG C. and a solids content of from 100 to about 35% at 40 DEG C. and from 0 to about 15% at 50 DEG C. The paraffin coat may comprise 20 to 90% by weight of the particle and may be from 100 to 1,500 microns thick. The coat prolongs the time in which particles encapsulated therewith may remain active in aqueous environments. The encapsulated particle is made by spraying molten wax onto the particles in a fluidized bed. Liquid or powder cleaning compositions, particularly automatic dishwashing liquid detergents, may incorporate 0.01 to 20% by weight of the composition of the coated wax-encapsulated particles.

Priority: US1989-436996 Applic. Date: 1989-11-15; US1990-563732 Applic. Date: 1990-08-03

Inventor: LANG DAVID J [US]; KAMEL AHMED A [US]; HANNA PAUL A [US]; GABRIEL ROBERT [US]; THEILER RICHARD [US]


Patent No.: US5202045A  Issued: 13/Apr/1993

Title: S-shaped detergent laminate

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 293721   Filing Date: 05/Jan/1989

Abstract:

An article for delivering a cleaning composition to a wash water, preferably for laundering clothes, is formed from a flexible substrate folded into an S-shaped construction. Within one region of the folded substrate is positioned a detergent composition that includes a surfactant and builder in the form of a paste having adhesive strength sufficient to bind the two surrounding substrate areas together. In a second region of the folded substrate separate from that occupied by the detergent composition, there is a further composition, adhesive in nature, containing a component which may be a bleach, bleach precursor, enzyme and/or fabric softener. No other bonding is present between the three substrate area flaps constituting the S-shaped construction. The compositions between the substrate areas are easily released to the wash water when the article is placed therein.

Priority:

Inventor: KARPUSIEWICZ WILLIAM M [US]; KIEFER JESSE J [US]; DUNCKLEY MARTIN N [GB]


Patent No.: US5207933A  Issued: 04/May/1993

Title: LIQUID FABRIC SOFTENER WITH INSOLUBLE PARTICLES STABLY SUSPENDED BY SOIL RELEASE POLYMER

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 751427   Filing Date: 28/Aug/1991

Abstract:

Fabric softening compositions, preferably in liquid form, for use in the rinse cycle of home laundry operations are improved by: (a) using certain protected water sensitive materials, especially particulate complexes of cyclodextrins and perfumes, which are protected in fabric softening compositions and/or detergent compositions, by e.g., imbedding said particulate complex in relatively high melting protective material that is substantially water-insoluble and, preferably, non-water-swellable and is solid at normal storage conditions, but which melts at the temperatures encountered in automatic fabric dryers (laundry dryers)

(b) using soil release polymers to help suspend water-insoluble particles in aqueous fabric softening compositions

and/or (c) preparing the said protected particulate water sensitive materials (complexes) by melting the said high melting materials, dispersing the said particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, in the molten high melting protective material and dispersing the resulting molten mixture in aqueous media, especially surfactant solution or aqueous fabric softener composition, and cooling to form small, smooth, spherical particles of the particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, substantially protected by the high melting material.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; TORDIL HELEN B [US]


Patent No.: US5208089A  Issued: 04/May/1993

Title: Fabric conditioning articles for use in laundry dryers

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 906807   Filing Date: 17/May/1978

Abstract:

Fabric conditioning articles for use in treating fabrics in a laundry dryer. The articles comprise a flexible substrate and a fabric conditioning composition, wherein the fabric conditioning composition is distributed unevenly on the substrate so as to form a visual contrast between areas containing relatively high amounts of conditioning composition and areas containing either no conditioning composition or relatively low amounts thereof.

Priority:

Inventor: NORRIS RUSSELL [US]


Patent No.: US5213705A  Issued: 25/May/1993

Title: Encapsulated halogen bleaches and methods of preparation and use

Applicant/Assignee: ECOLAB INC

Application No.: 660176   Filing Date: 25/Feb/1991

Abstract:

An active-halogen bleach such as dichloroisocyanurate dihydrate encapsulated in a coating of a synthetic detergent such as sodium octyl sulfonate. The capsule may further comprise an initial coating of a soluble inorganic detergent builder or filler. The capsule is table in highly alkaline environments such as detergent composition.

Priority: US1987-088507 Applic. Date: 1987-08-20; US1989-323264 Applic. Date: 1989-03-15; US1985-728748 Applic. Date: 1985-04-30

Inventor: OLSON KEITH E [US]


Patent No.: US5221794A  Issued: 22/Jun/1993

Title: Process and composition for multicomponent one hundred percent solid fabric softeners

Applicant/Assignee: SHEREX CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC

Application No.: 793216   Filing Date: 07/Nov/1991

Abstract:

The invention relates to a method of producing a mixture of a quaternary ammonium compound, fatty acid, fatty acid ester and tertiary amine salt in situ which is a highly functional mixture that is manufactured in a single step reaction whereby quaternization is completed without the aid of solvents, especially flammable solvents. The single step reaction process eliminates separate blending of individual components. The compositions obtained can be used as fabric softeners, in modified clays, as hair treating compounds and as disinfectants.

Priority: US1990-472738 Applic. Date: 1990-01-31

Inventor: ACKERMAN JEANNENE A [US]; MILLER MICHAEL [US]; WHITTLINGER DAVID E [US]


Patent No.: US5223628A  Issued: 29/Jun/1993

Title: PROCESS FOR MAKING HIGH SOLIDS FABRIC SOFTENERS USING LOW AMOUNTS OF SOLVENTS AND NO SIDE REACTIONS

Applicant/Assignee: SHEREX CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC

Application No.: 790131   Filing Date: 07/Nov/1991

Abstract:

A process is disclosed for making substantially solvent free quaternary ammonium compounds using fatty acids, amines and quaternizing agents without side reactions that would produce esters of fatty acids. A relatively small amount of a water-alcohol solvent is used in the quaternizing reaction after which a fatty acid is added and the solvent removed by sparging and/or vacuum.

Priority: US1990-474347 Applic. Date: 1990-02-02

Inventor: WHITTLINGER DAVID E [US]


Patent No.: US5230822A  Issued: 27/Jul/1993

Title: Wax-encapsulated particles

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 688691   Filing Date: 24/Apr/1991

Abstract:

Solid core particles encapsulated in a single coat of paraffin wax, the wax having a melting point of about 40 DEG to about 50 DEG C. and a solids content of from 100 to about 35% at 40 DEG C. and from 0 to about 15% at 50 DEG C. The paraffin coat may comprise 20 to 90% by weight of the particle and may be from 100 to 1,500 microns thick. The coat prolongs the time in which particles encapsulated therewith may remain active in aqueous environments. The encapsulated particle is made by spraying molten wax onto the particles in a fluidized bed. Liquid or powder cleaning compositions, particularly automatic dishwashing liquid detergents, may incorporate 0.01 to 20% by weight of the composition of the coated wax-encapsulated particles.

Priority: US1989-436996 Applic. Date: 1989-11-15; US1990-563732 Applic. Date: 1990-08-03

Inventor: KAMEL AHMED A [US]; LANG DAVID J [US]; HANNA PAUL A [US]; GABRIEL ROBERT [US]; THEILER RICHARD [US]


Patent No.: US5232612A  Issued: 03/Aug/1993

Title: SOLID, PARTICULATE FABRIC SOFTENER WITH PROTECTED, DRYER-ACTIVATED, CYCLODEXTRIN/PERFUME COMPLEX

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 751402   Filing Date: 28/Aug/1991

Abstract:

Fabric softening compositions, preferably in liquid form, for use in the rise cycle of home laundry operations are improved by: (a) using certain protected water sensitive materials, especially particulate complexes of cyclodextrins and perfumes, which are protected in fabric softening compositions and/or detergent compositions, by e.g., imbedding said particulate complex in relatively high melting protective material that is substantially water-insoluble and, preferably, non-water-swellable and is solid at normal storage conditions, but which melts at the temperatures encountered in automatic fabric dryers (laundry dryers)

(b) using soil release polymers to help suspend water-insoluble particles in aqueous fabric softening compositions: and/or (c) preparing the said protected particulate water sensitive materials (complexes) by melting the said high melting materials, dispersing the said particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, in the molten high melting protective material and dispersing the resulting molten mixture in aqueous media, especially surfactant solution or aqueous fabric softener composition, and cooling to form small, smooth, spherical particles of the particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, substantially protected by the high melting material.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; BACON DENNIS R [US]


Patent No.: US5232613A  Issued: 03/Aug/1993

Title: PROCESS FOR PREPARING PROTECTED PARTICLES OF WATER SENSITIVE MATERIAL

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 751403   Filing Date: 28/Aug/1991

Abstract:

Fabric softening compositions, preferably in liquid form, for use in the rinse cycle of home laundry operations are improved by: (a) using certain protected water sensitive materials, especially particulate complexes of cyclodextrins and perfumes, which are protected in fabric softening compositions and/or detergent compositions, by e.g., imbedding said particulate complex in relatively high melting protective material that is substantially water-insoluble and, preferably, non-water-swellable and is solid at normal storage conditions, but which melts at the temperatures encountered in automatic fabric dryers (laundry dryers)

(b) using soil release polymers to help suspend water-insoluble particles in aqueous fabric softening compositions

and/or (c) preparing the said protected particulate water sensitive materials (complexes) by melting the said high melting materials, dispersing the said particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, in the molten high melting protective material and dispersing the resulting molten mixture in aqueous media, especially surfactant solution or aqueous fabric softener composition, and cooling to form small, smooth, spherical particles of the particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, substantially protected by the high melting material.

Priority:

Inventor: BACON DENNIS R [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US5234610A  Issued: 10/Aug/1993

Title: Treatment of fabric with perfume/cyclodextrin complexes

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 809184   Filing Date: 17/Dec/1991

Abstract:

An effective amount of perfume/cyclodextrin complex is applied to fabric that is preferably at least partially wetted. A preferred method applies said complex to said fabric in an automatic laundry dryer. The perfume/cyclodextrin complexes are preferably incorporated into solid, dryer-activated, fabric treatment (conditioning) compositions, preferably containing fabric softeners, more preferably cationic and/or nonionic fabric softeners. The complexes provide fabrics with perfume benefits when they are rewetted after drying. Volatile perfume materials, including those materials that are commonly associated with "freshness" can be applied to the fabrics in an effective way. Clay provides protection for said perfume/cyclodextrin complexes, especially when certain materials like some nonionic fabric softeners and/or fatty acids are present and in contact with said perfume/cyclodextrin complexes.

Priority: US1989-337036 Applic. Date: 1989-04-12

Inventor: GARDLIK JOHN M [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; BANKS TODD J [US]; BENVEGNU FERNANDO [US]


Patent No.: US5234611A  Issued: 10/Aug/1993

Title: FABRIC SOFTENER, PREFERABLY LIQUID, WITH PROTECTED, DRYER-ACTIVATED, CYCLODEXTRIN/PERFUME COMPLEX

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 751351   Filing Date: 28/Aug/1991

Abstract:

Fabric softening compositions, preferably in liquid form, for use in the rinse cycle of home laundry operations are improved by: (a) using certain protected water sensitive materials, especially particulate complexes of cyclodextrins and perfumes, which are protected in fabric softening compositions and/or detergent compositions, by e.g., imbedding said particulate complex in relatively high melting protective material that is substantially water-insoluble and, preferably, non-water-swellable and is solid at normal storage conditions, but which melts at the temperatures encountered in automatic fabric dryers (laundry dryers)

(b) using soil release polymers to help suspend water-insoluble particles in aqueous fabric softening compositions

and/or (c) preparing the said protected particulate water sensitive materials (complexes) by melting the said high melting materials, dispersing the said particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, in the molten high melting protective material and dispersing the resulting molten mixture in aqueous media, especially surfactant solution or aqueous fabric softener composition, and cooling to form small, smooth, spherical particles of the particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, substantially protected by the high melting material.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; BACON DENNIS R [US]; BENVEGNU FERNANDO [US]


Patent No.: US5234615A  Issued: 10/Aug/1993

Title: Article comprising a water soluble bag containing a multiple use amount of a pelletized functional material and methods of its use

Applicant/Assignee: ECOLAB INC

Application No.: 867285   Filing Date: 09/Apr/1992

Abstract:

An article comprising a water soluble container containing a multiple use amount of a pelletized functional composition such as a fabric treatment composition, a warewashing composition, a laundry composition, a pot and pan presoak composition, a silverware presoak composition, a floor cleaner composition, a rinse additive composition, a disinfectant composition, a sanitizer composition, a general purpose cleaner composition, etc. The article may be optionally enclosed in a water impervious outerwrap. A method for using the article by placing the article inside a dispenser wherein the article is contacted with water having a sufficient temperature and pressure to dissolve the water soluble bag and the pelletized functional material contained therein in order to form a solution.

Priority: US1987-104458 Applic. Date: 1987-10-02; US1989-368085 Applic. Date: 1989-06-16; US1990-515361 Applic. Date: 1990-04-26; US1990-611668 Applic. Date: 1990-11-13

Inventor: GLADFELTER ELIZABETH J [US]; SLOCUMB SHERYL D [US]


Patent No.: US5234617A  Issued: 10/Aug/1993

Title: Aqueous liquid bleach compositions with fluorescent whitening agent and polyvinyl pyrrolidone or polyvinyl alcohol

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 870842   Filing Date: 20/Apr/1992

Abstract:

An aqueous liquid bleach composition containing solid, water-insoluble organic peroxyacid, bleach-stable, stilbene fluorescent whitening agent, and polyvinyl pyrrolidone or polyvinyl alcohol is provided. A preferred aqueous liquid bleach composition comprising, by weight of the composition, from 5 to 15 weight % of mononylamido peroxyadipic acid

from about 0.4 to about 10 weight % of polyvinyl pyrrolidone with a molecular weight between about 5,000 and about 100,000

and from about 0.05 to about 2 weight % of a fluorescent whitening agent of the formula: Preferably, the ratio of polyvinyl pyrrolidone to fluorescent whitening agent is between about 20:1 and about 1:1 and the composition has a pH at 20 DEG C. from about 1 to about 6.5.

Priority:

Inventor: HUNTER KATHLEEN B [US]; GETTY EDWARD E [US]; KONG-CHAN JOSEPHINE L [US]


Patent No.: US5236615A  Issued: 17/Aug/1993

Title: SOLID, PARTICULATE DETERGENT COMPOSITION WITH PROTECTED, DRYER-ACTIVATED, WATER SENSITIVE MATERIAL

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 751401   Filing Date: 28/Aug/1991

Abstract:

Fabric softening compositions, preferably in liquid form, for use in the rinse cycle of home laundry operations are improved by: (a) using certain protected water sensitive materials, especially particulate complexes of cyclodextrins and perfumes, which are protected in fabric softening compositions and/or detergent compositions, by e.g., imbedding said particulate complex in relatively high melting protective material that is substantially water-insoluble and, preferably, non-water-swellable and is solid at normal storage conditions, but which melts at the temperatures encountered in automatic fabric dryers (laundry dryers)

(b) using soil release polymers to help suspend water-insoluble particles in aqueous fabric softening compositions

and/or (c) preparing the said protected particulate water sensitive materials (complexes) by melting the said high melting materials, dispersing the said particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, in the molten high melting protective material and dispersing the resulting molten mixture in aqueous media, especially surfactant solution or aqueous fabric softener composition, and cooling to form small, smooth, spherical particles of the particulate complexes, or other water sensitive material, substantially protected by the high melting material.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; BACON DENNIS R [US]


Patent No.: US5246603A  Issued: 21/Sep/1993

Title: FRAGRANCE MICROCAPSULES FOR FABRIC CONDITIONING

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 766477   Filing Date: 25/Sep/1991

Abstract: US 5246603 A 19930921 US5246603 19930921 US19910766477 19910925 766477 US19910766477 19910925 766477 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC TSAUR LIANG S [US] LIN SAMUEL Q [US] TSAUR, LIANG S, LIN, SAMUEL, Q FRAGRANCE MICROCAPSULES FOR FABRIC CONDITIONING

Priority:

Inventor: TSAUR LIANG S [US]; LIN SAMUEL Q [US]


Patent No.: US5246611A  Issued: 21/Sep/1993

Title: Non-destructive carriers for cyclodextrin complexes

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 770757   Filing Date: 04/Oct/1991

Abstract:

Cyclodextrin complex is suspended in polyalkylene glycol carrier material that does not displace the included material. The preferred perfume/cyclodextrin complexes, either alone or admixed with solvent (e.g., water), are preferably suspended in the carrier and then incorporated into solid, dryer-activated, fabric treatment (conditioning) compositions, preferably containing fabric softeners, more preferably cationic and/or nonionic fabric softeners. The perfume complexes provide fabrics with perfume benefits when they are rewetted after drying. Volatile perfume materials, including those materials that are commonly associated with "freshness" can be applied to the fabrics in an effective way.

Priority: US1990-521304 Applic. Date: 1990-05-09

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US5254269A  Issued: 19/Oct/1993

Title: Fabric conditioning composition containing an emulsified silicone mixture

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 797841   Filing Date: 26/Nov/1991

Abstract: US 5254269 A 19931019 US5254269 19931019 US19910797841 19911126 797841 US19910797841 19911126 797841 LEVER BROTHERS CO [US] LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC TAYLOR TIMOTHY J [US] LIN SAMUEL [US] TAYLOR, TIMOTHY J, LIN, SAMUEL Fabric conditioning composition containing an emulsified silicone mixture

Priority:

Inventor: TAYLOR TIMOTHY J [US]; LIN SAMUEL [US]


Patent No.: US5259994A  Issued: 09/Nov/1993

Title: Particulate laundry detergent compositions with polyvinyl pyrollidone

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 924114   Filing Date: 03/Aug/1992

Abstract:

A detergent additive for inclusion in a particulate, free-flowing laundry detergent composition comprising polyvinyl pyrrolidone, finely divided powder, hydrating salt, and binding agent is presented. A process for making a particulate, free-flowing laundry detergent composition is also presented.

Priority:

Inventor: WELCH ROBERT G [US]; BEBOUT LAURIE A K [US]


Patent No.: US5266587A  Issued: 30/Nov/1993

Title: Peroxycarboxylic acids and compositions containing such

Applicant/Assignee: INTEROX CHEMICALS LIMITED

Application No.: 752669   Filing Date: 23/Aug/1991

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/GB90/01988 Sec. 371 Date Aug. 23, 1991 Sec. 102(e) Date Aug. 23, 1991 PCT Filed Dec. 20, 1990 PCT Pub. No. WO91/09843 PCT Pub. Date Jul. 11, 1991. (I) The invention provides a new sub-class or organic peroxyacids comprising N-alkyl substituted peroxytrimellitimide of formula (I) in which R=hydrogen or linear or branched alkyl, which demonstrates an excellent combination of safe-handling and bleach performance rendering the sub-class particularly suitable for use as bleach and/or disinfectant in various bleach, bleach additive or washing compositions. Effective bleaching peroxyacids include those in which R=n propyl, iso-propyl, n butyl, sec-butyl, n pentyl and n heptyl. The invention also comprises processes for making the peroxyacids, compositions containing them and processes for washing and/or bleaching and/or disinfecting employing the invention peroxyacids or compositions containing them.

Priority: GB19890029186 Applic. Date: 1989-12-23; GB19900026280 Applic. Date: 1990-12-04

Inventor: SANKEY JOHN P [GB]; JAMES A PRYCE [GB]


Patent No.: US5269962A  Issued: 14/Dec/1993

Title: Oxidant composition containing stable bleach activator granules

Applicant/Assignee: THE CLOROX COMPANY

Application No.: 674844   Filing Date: 25/Mar/1991

Abstract:

The present invention provides stable bleach activator granules comprising: (a) a peroxygen bleach activator having the structure: wherein R is C1-20 branched or straight chain alkyl, alkoxylated alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl, aryl, substituted aryl, alkylaryl

R' and R'' are independently H, C1-4 alkyl, aryl

and L is a leaving group

b) a pliable binding material selected from materials having a melting completion temperature of greater than about 40 DEG C.

and c) a solubilizing aid selected from the group consisting of magnesium sulfate, alkali aryl sulfonate, polyvinyl pyrrolidone or mixtures thereof. The invention can also include additional stiffeners, such as calcium or magnesium silicate, or silica.

Priority: US1988-258225 Applic. Date: 1988-10-14

Inventor: BRODBECK KEVIN J [US]; OTTOBONI THOMAS B [US]; SPILLETT CRIS T [US]; STEICHEN DALE S [US]; THOMPSON SUZANNE M [US]; ZIELSKE ALFRED G [US]; BOLKAN STEVEN A [US]


Patent No.: US5279677A  Issued: 18/Jan/1994

Title: Rinse aid for metal surfaces

Applicant/Assignee: CORAL INTERNATIONAL, INC

Application No.: 716311   Filing Date: 17/Jun/1991

Abstract:

An aqueous composition for treating metal surfaces, particularly formed aluminum and aluminum alloy surfaces, comprising a surface tension reducing agent selected from the group consisting of sulfosuccinate salts and derivatives and mixtures thereof, a surfactant selected from the group consisting of propoxylated and ethoxylated linear alcohols, and an acid such as phosphoric acid, as well as preferably a bactericide and a defoamant, and a method for treating metal surfaces, particularly beverage containers, such as of aluminum and aluminum alloy with such a composition.

Priority:

Inventor: DAS NARAYAN [US]


Patent No.: US5290459A  Issued: 01/Mar/1994

Title: Biodegradable fabric softening compositions based on pentaerythritol esters and free of quaternary ammonium compounds

Applicant/Assignee: COLGATE-PALMOLIVE COMPANY

Application No.: 849858   Filing Date: 12/Mar/1992

Abstract:

A fabric softening composition or article that is effective for its fabric softening purpose but does not include ecotoxic quaternary ammonium salt, includes, as a fabric softening component, an ester of pentaerythritol, an ester of an oligomer of pentaerythritol, an ester of a lower alkoxylated pentaerythritol or an ester of a lower alkoxylated pentaerythritol oligomer. The fabric softening component is preferably a partial higher fatty acid ester of pentaerythritol or a partial higher fatty acid ester of a pentaerythritol oligomer, the fabric softening composition is an aqueous emulsion or a particulate or powder composition (preferably with the carrier of the powder composition being a fabric softening bentonite) and the fabric softening article is an absorbent material with fabric softening component deposited on it or absorbed by it. Also within the invention are processes for softening fibrous materials, in washed laundry, by employing such compositions and articles, and processes for manufacturing the compositions.

Priority: US1991-638945 Applic. Date: 1991-01-09

Inventor: PUENTES-BRAVO EDUARDO [BE]; HERMOSILLA ANITA [BE]; GRANDMAIRE JEAN-PAUL [BE]; TACK VIVIANE [BE]


Patent No.: US5324444A  Issued: 28/Jun/1994

Title: Process for preparing a perfume capsule composition

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 43963   Filing Date: 12/Apr/1993

Abstract:

A method for preparing a free flowing perfume capsule composition with enhanced performance and stability from slurries containing perfume capsules is described. A process comprising removing water from the slurry to form a wet cake, combining silicone dioxide or aluminosilicate to the wet cake to fluidize the wet cake and removing additional water from the fluidized wet cake to form free flowing perfume capsules is preferred.

Priority: US1991-811094 Applic. Date: 1991-12-20

Inventor: BERRY GREGORY [US]; MARYNOWSKI JOHN M [US]; KINNE KERMIT W [US]


Patent No.: US5330672A  Issued: 19/Jul/1994

Title: Fabric care composition comprising water soluble or water-dispersible copolymer containing UV-absorbing monomer

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 70033   Filing Date: 28/May/1993

Abstract:

The present invention relates to novel fabric care compositions water containing dispersible or water-soluble copolymers which contain at least one UV-absorbing monomer and one hydrophilic monomer component.

Priority: US1991-731596 Applic. Date: 1991-07-17

Inventor: LANGER MATTHEW E [US]; ELLIS SIMON R [US]; HESSEL JOHN F [US]; KHORSHAHI FERIAL [US]; WARD RUSSELL J [GB]


Patent No.: US5334324A  Issued: 02/Aug/1994

Title: Bleach activators in granular form

Applicant/Assignee: HENKEL KOMMANDITGESELLSCHAFT AUF AKTIEN

Application No.: 978700   Filing Date: 03/Feb/1993

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP91/01393 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 3, 1993 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 3, 1993 PCT Filed Jul. 25, 1991 PCT Pub. No. WO92/02608 PCT Pub. Date Feb. 20, 1992.A process for preparing free-flowing granules containing a bleach activator and a substantially water-free binder for the bleach activator. The process consists essentially of premixing a mixture of anionic and nonionic surfactants and the bleach activator, homogenizing the resulting mixture to form a paste which is extrudable in strand form, extruding the paste under elevated pressure, and cutting the extrudate into granules.

Priority: DE19904024759 Applic. Date: 1990-08-03; WO1991EP01393 Applic. Date: 1991-07-25

Inventor: ZEISE CHRISTIANE [DE]; JACOBS JOCHEN [DE]; RAEHSE WILFRIED [DE]


Patent No.: US5336419A  Issued: 09/Aug/1994

Title: Silicone gel for ease of ironing and better looking garments after ironing

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 695357   Filing Date: 08/May/1991

Abstract:

This invention relates to fabric care compositions comprising a silicone gel for ease of ironing and improved appearance after ironing.

Priority: US1990-534109 Applic. Date: 1990-06-06; US1990-534110 Applic. Date: 1990-06-06

Inventor: COFFINDAFFER TIMOTHY W [US]; BARTOLO ROBERT G [US]; BELFIORE KATHLEEN A [US]


Patent No.: US5336447A  Issued: 09/Aug/1994

Title: Process and composition for treating fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 77888   Filing Date: 15/Jun/1993

Abstract:

A process and composition for treating fabrics or textiles to help restore and/or prevent changes in hue brought about by fluorescer agent absorption on fabrics or textiles. In one aspect, the composition comprises a quenching agent and a detergent active.

Priority: GB19900026050 Applic. Date: 1990-11-30; US1991-797518 Applic. Date: 1991-11-22

Inventor: CLEMENTS ANTHONY H [GB]


Patent No.: US5338474A  Issued: 16/Aug/1994

Title: System for releasing bleach from a bleach precursor in the wash using an enzyme activator

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 841395   Filing Date: 25/Feb/1992

Abstract:

The present invention provides a system for releasing a peracid from a peroxygen bleach source using a lipase enzyme as the activator.

Priority:

Inventor: KAISERMAN HOWARD B [US]; KUZMENKA DANIEL J [US]


Patent No.: US5348667A  Issued: 20/Sep/1994

Title: Process for producing dryer-added fabric softener sheets containing cyclodextrin complexes

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 134163   Filing Date: 08/Oct/1993

Abstract:

Cyclodextrin complexes are prepared utilizing processes in which the cyclodextrin/active complex is prepared under concentrated reaction conditions in which there is no more than about 40% solvent, e.g., water, with mechanical working, to provide a complex ultimate particle size of less than about 12 microns and the resulting complex reaction mixture is incorporated, preferably without further operation, into at least one fabric conditioning material, preferably cationic fabric conditioning active, preferably in liquid (molten) form, preferably at a temperature between about 60 and about 95 DEG C., and mechanically worked to reduce complex aggregate particle size below about 200 microns. The resulting complex/fabric conditioning material mixture is used to prepare, e.g., dryer-added fabric softener article, e.g., sheet. The mixture of complex and fabric softener material preferably contains a small amount of an anionic surfactant to help avoid deposition of, e.g., unreacted cyclodextrin onto the equipment used to prepare the fabric conditioning composition and/or article (sheet).

Priority:

Inventor: BACON DENNIS R [US]; BORCHER SR THOMAS A [US]; CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; PALMER CLYDE D [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US5354494A  Issued: 11/Oct/1994

Title: Reactive silane composition and process for enhanced drainage of residual aqueous rinse on the external surfaces of plastic parts

Applicant/Assignee: BETZ LABORATORIES, INC

Application No.: 823217   Filing Date: 21/Jan/1992

Abstract:

Processes for enhancing the drainage of residual aqueous rinse from the external surfaces of plastic parts, such as auto fascia, are disclosed. The processes employ an aqueous solution of an amine functional silane compound, which when applied to the surfaces of plastic parts will not rinse off during subsequent rinse stages and will remain on the plastic parts.

Priority:

Inventor: GUNAGAN BARRY P [US]; MELZER JEFFREY I [US]; RODZEWICH EDWARD A [US]; IEZZI ROBERT A [US]


Patent No.: US5354681A  Issued: 11/Oct/1994

Title: Enzyme complex hydrolyzing bacterial cell walls derived from nocardiopsis dassonvillei

Applicant/Assignee: 501 NOVO INDUSTRI A/S

Application No.: 196619   Filing Date: 17/May/1988

Abstract:

A bacteriolytic enzyme complex obtained from a bacterial culture of Nocardiopsis dassonvillei strains, e.g., isolates G102-3 (NRRL 18349), G119-6 (NRRL 18350), and D38-3 (NRRL 18364). The enzyme complex may be produced by cultivating the microorganism in an aqueous medium containing maltodextrin and soybean meal, after which the lytic enzyme complex may be recovered from the fermentation broth. This bacteriolytic enzyme complex is useful as a detergent additive.

Priority:

Inventor: LIU CHI-LI [US]; OVERHOLT JANET M [US]


Patent No.: US5358647A  Issued: 25/Oct/1994

Title: Fabric softening products based on a combination of pentaerythritol compound and bentonite

Applicant/Assignee: COLGATE-PALMOLIVE COMPANY

Application No.: 107434   Filing Date: 16/Aug/1993

Abstract:

A fabric softening product is a composition or article that is effective for its fabric softening purpose but preferably excludes ecotoxic quaternary ammonia salt, includes, as a fabric softening component, a PEC, which is an ester of pentaerythritol, an ester of an oligomer of pentaerythritol, an ester of a lower alkoxylated pentaerythritol or an ester of a lower alkoxylated pentaerythritol oligomer, with bentonite, which increases its fabric softening effect remarkably. The PEC is preferably a partial higher fatty acid ester of pentaerythritol or a partial higher fatty acid ester of a pentaerythritol oligomer, the bentonite is preferably sodium bentonite or swellable calcium bentonite, the fabric softening composition is a softergent or a non-detersive composition, both of which may be in solid (preferably particulate solid) or liquid state or form (preferably in aqueous suspension or gel), and the fabric softening article is an absorbent material with bentonite and PEC deposited on it or absorbed by it. Also within the invention are processes for softening fibrous materials of laundry contacting them with such compositions and/or articles during washing, rinsing and/or drying operations.

Priority: US1991-638945 Applic. Date: 1991-01-09; US1991-756030 Applic. Date: 1991-09-06

Inventor: PUENTES-BRAVO EDUARDO [BE]; HERTMOSILLA ANITA M [BE]; GRANDMAIRE JEAN-PAUL M H F [BE]; TACK VIVIANE E A [BE]; DOMS JAN R P [BE]; GILLIS MARCEL J E G [BE]; LAMBERT PIERRE M [BE]; HECKLES PAUL A [BE]


Patent No.: US5362412A  Issued: 08/Nov/1994

Title: Biodegradable bleach stabilizers for detergents

Applicant/Assignee: HAMPSHIRE CHEMICAL CORP

Application No.: 686643   Filing Date: 17/Apr/1991

Abstract:

A process of stabilizing bleaching agents in a detergent composition using a nonphosphorus-containing biodegradable stabilizer. The process involves incorporating into a detergent composition containing a bleaching agent, a biodegradable compound of the formula in which m is NR' or sulfur

X is SO3H or COOH

Y is hydrogen, SO3H or COOH

R and R' are, independently, hydrogen, -CH(Z)CH2(Z'), -CH(Z)CH(Z')(Z'') or -CH2COOH

and Z, Z' and Z'' are, independently, hydrogen, OH, SO3H or COOH

or a sodium, potassium or ammonium salt thereof, in an amount sufficient to stabilize the bleaching agent. Novel detergent compositions containing the biodegradable bleach stabilizers are also disclosed.

Priority:

Inventor: HARTMAN JUDITHANN R [US]; WOODBURY RICHARD P [US]


Patent No.: US5368756A  Issued: 29/Nov/1994

Title: Fabric softening compositions containing mixtures of softener material and highly ethoxylated curd dispersant

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 106325   Filing Date: 13/Aug/1993

Abstract:

Rinse-added fabric softening compositions are provided comprising mixtures of a diester quaternary ammonium fabric softener material, a highly ethoxylated hydrophobic material as a scum dispersant, and a liquid carrier. This mixture prevents the formation of scum caused by the interaction of the diester quaternary ammonium fabric softener material with anionic detergent surfactant and/or detergency builder entrapped in the fabric. These, preferably biodegradable, compositions have good product stability, dispersibility, and concentratability, as well as excellent fabric softening characteristics.

Priority: US1992-851606 Applic. Date: 1992-03-16

Inventor: VOGEL ALICE M [US]; SEVERNS JOHN C [US]; WAHL ERROL H [US]


Patent No.: US5376286A  Issued: 27/Dec/1994

Title: Process for preparing concentrated imidazoline fabric softener compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 127965   Filing Date: 28/Sep/1993

Abstract:

A three-step method for preparing textile treatment compositions comprising mixtures of substituted imidazoline fabric softener materials and protonating acids is provided. In Step (1) the imidazoline is heated, and in Step (2) it is protonated in a concentrated acid/water seat. Step (3) comprises diluting this mixture with additional water. Utilizing this method provides compositions having good product stability, dispersibility, and concentratability, as well as excellent fabric softening characteristics.

Priority: US1992-851605 Applic. Date: 1992-03-16

Inventor: VOGEL ALICE M [US]; SEVERNS JOHN C [US]; NIMRICK TROY L [US]


Patent No.: US5376287A  Issued: 27/Dec/1994

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning compositions containing ethoxylated/propoxylated sugar derivatives

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 102910   Filing Date: 06/Aug/1993

Abstract:

Dryer-activated fabric softening compositions and articles having improved antistatic effects, for use in an automatic clothes dryer comprising: (A) at least about 5% of highly ethoxylated, preferably at least 5 ethylene oxide (EO) groups per molecule, sugar derivative containing at least one long hydrophobic moiety per molecule

and, preferably, (B) from about 10% to about 95%, of carboxylic acid salt of tertiary amine. The amount of (A) present is at least sufficient to provide improved antistatic effects and is not so much as to cause the composition to have unacceptable physical characteristics, e.g., stickiness. The active components (A) and (B) can contain unsaturation to provide improved antistatic benefits.

Priority:

Inventor: BORCHER SR THOMAS A [US]; CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; STURDIVANT WILLIS A [US]; SUNG STEPHANIE L [US]; WOJCIK DAVID M [US]


Patent No.: US5380447A  Issued: 10/Jan/1995

Title: Process and fabric finishing compositions for preventing the deposition of dye in fabric finishing processes

Applicant/Assignee: ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY

Application No.: 90605   Filing Date: 12/Jul/1993

Abstract:

This invention provides a process for preventing dye from depositing onto fabric, and fabric finishing compositions useful in the dye deposition inhibiting process of this invention. Specifically, a process is provided where 1) an aqueous bath is formed comprising a) water, b) dyed fabric, and c) a dye deposition inhibiting agent, 2) the dyed fabric is treated in the aqueous bath and the fabric releases a portion of the dye from the dyed fabric into the bath, and 3) the dye inhibiting agent is maintained in contact with the dyed fabric for the duration of the treating step. The dye deposition inhibiting agent is added to the process as a fabric finishing composition comprised of at least 0.1 wt % dye deposition inhibiting agent.

Priority:

Inventor: KIRK THOMAS C [US]; SCHWARTZ CURTIS [US]; WEINSTEIN BARRY [US]


Patent No.: US5384364A  Issued: 24/Jan/1995

Title: Stabilized detersive-system containing water soluble film article

Applicant/Assignee: ECOLAB INC

Application No.: 11348   Filing Date: 29/Jan/1993

Abstract:

The stability of polyvinyl films used to contain detersive systems may be enhanced by the use of a barrier coating composition to separate the film degrading components, i.e., acids, bases, and halogens, from these films. The barrier coatings may either encapsulate the individual film degrading components, or they may coat the entire detersive system.

Priority: US1991-789615 Applic. Date: 1991-11-08; US1990-548286 Applic. Date: 1990-07-03

Inventor: BESSE MICHAEL E [US]; IHNS DEBORAH A [US]


Patent No.: US5385681A  Issued: 31/Jan/1995

Title: Scouring agent composition for fabric

Applicant/Assignee: KAO CORPORATION

Application No.: 91813   Filing Date: 13/Jul/1993

Abstract:

A scouring agent composition for a fabric which exhibits high penetrating and scouring powers even under highly alkaline conditions and can produce a scoured fabric excellent in rewettability and which can dissolve in a 11quid medium for current high-speed and automatic desiring, scouring, bleaching and mercerization systems to give a clear cleaning fluid which causes little foaming, comprising (A) an adduct of a secondary or branched alcohol having 8 to 16 carbon atoms with an alkylene oxide, (B) a salt of a secondary alkanesulfonic acid having 13 to 17 carbon atoms and/or a salt of carboxymethylate of an adduct of a branched alcohol having 12 to 18 carbon atoms with an alkylene oxide and (C) a fatty acid having 6 to 18 carbon atoms or a salt thereof.

Priority: JP19920202287 Applic. Date: 1992-07-29

Inventor: SATO TOSHIO [TH]; ABE MASAYUKI [JP]; PHIU-ON JUREERUT [TH]


Patent No.: US5391325A  Issued: 21/Feb/1995

Title: Non-toxic biodegradable emulsion compositions for use in automatic car washes

Applicant/Assignee: EXXON CHEMICAL PATENTS INC

Application No.: 128610   Filing Date: 29/Sep/1993

Abstract:

This invention relates to emulsion compositions which are used as auto spray waxes or rinse or drying aids in automatic car washes. The inventive emulsion replaces mineral seal oil of prior art emulsions with more environmentally acceptable simple esters of natural fatty acids having the general structural formula: wherein R-C is from an acid moiety having approximately 12-26 carbon atoms, and R' is from an alcohol moiety having approximately 1-5 carbon atoms. In an additional embodiment, the emulsion composition can include an amine oxide coupling solvent or solubilizer.

Priority:

Inventor: SWENSON ROBERT A [US]; WELCH WILLIAM E [US]


Patent No.: US5399271A  Issued: 21/Mar/1995

Title: Preparation for treating washed laundry in a tumble dryer

Applicant/Assignee: HENKEL KOMMANDITGESELLSCHAFT AUF AKTIEN

Application No.: 190137   Filing Date: 03/Feb/1994

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP92/01701 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 3, 1994 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 3, 1994 PCT Filed Jul. 27, 1992 PCT Pub. No. WO93/03132 PCT Pub. Date Feb. 18, 1993.An article for treating washed laundry in a tumble dryer to provide the laundry with a pleasant, soft and full feel, and antistatic properties. The article is a flexible sheet-form substrate coated with a mixture of (a) a fatty component selected from a fatty acid mono-, di-, and tri-glyceride, a fatty acid and a fatty alcohol, and (b) a fatty acid ester of a monohydric alcohol.

Priority: DE19914125847 Applic. Date: 1991-08-03; WO1992EP01701 Applic. Date: 1992-07-27

Inventor: PUCHTA ROLF [DE]; SANDKUEHLER PETER [DE]; SCHREIBER JUTTA [DE]; VOELKEL THEODOR [DE]


Patent No.: US5399272A  Issued: 21/Mar/1995

Title: Clear or translucent, concentrated biodgradable quaternary ammonium fabric softener compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 169858   Filing Date: 17/Dec/1993

Abstract:

The present invention relates to clear or translucent, rinse-added fabric softening compositions comprising from about 20% to about 80% biodegradable softener active, from about 2% to about 25% C8-C22 mono-alkyl cationic quaternary ammonium compound dispersibility aid, and from about 17% to about 75% non-aqueous organic solvent, wherein the fatty acyl groups of the biodegradable softener active have an average Iodine Value of at least about 50. Preferably the compositions have a viscosity of from about 15 cps to about 500 cps when diluted with from about 1:1 to about 1:5, softening composition to water.

Priority:

Inventor: SWARTLEY DONALD M [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; WAHL ERROL H [US]; HUYSSE GARRY M [US]


Patent No.: US5405542A  Issued: 11/Apr/1995

Title: Rinse-added fabric conditioning compositions containing fabric softening agents and cationic polyester soil release polymers and preferred cationic soil release polymers therefor

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 634934   Filing Date: 27/Dec/1990

Abstract:

Rinse-added fabric conditioning compositions containing cationic soil release polymers are much more effective than similar compositions containing nonionic soil release polymers for soil release. Most of the cationic soil release polymers are new compounds comprising a hydrophobic alkylene oxide/terephthalate portion which has a low molecular weight and at least a single cationic charge under use conditions.

Priority: US1989-354548 Applic. Date: 1989-05-19

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; GOSSELINK EUGENE P [US]; HARDY FREDERICK E [GB]


Patent No.: US5407598A  Issued: 18/Apr/1995

Title: Shaped solid bleach with encapsulate source of bleach

Applicant/Assignee: ECOLAB INC

Application No.: 23941   Filing Date: 26/Feb/1993

Abstract:

Aqueous bleach solutions can be made by directing a spray of water onto a bulk or shaped solid (brick, tablet, block, etc.) comprising a continuous solid phase of an encapsulated source of an active halogen bleach or a solid comprising a source of an oxidizing active halogen bleach and an encapsulated oxidizing halogen bleach source. Such shaped solids can be used to dispense uniform quantities of an aqueous bleach concentrate to bleaching locus such as a washing machine. The tablets can be made from the encapsulated bleach or from a powder mixture of a particulate, granulated or powdered unencapsulated source of active oxidizing bleach and an encapsulated source of active oxidizing bleach by forming the powder mixture into a desired shape. The presence of the encapsulate in the solid with the powder reduces the tendency of the solid to absorb water which can be wicked through the solid to pass water through the solid into adjacent solids. Substantial proportions of absorbed water can cause the tablets to crack, crumble and to periodically dispense uneven, substantially large and undesirable concentrations of active bleach into a wash or bleach cycle.

Priority:

Inventor: OLSON KEITH E [US]; MAN VICTOR F [US]


Patent No.: US5409621A  Issued: 25/Apr/1995

Title: Fabric softening composition

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 202849   Filing Date: 25/Feb/1994

Abstract:

A fabric softening composition comprising a water insoluble cationic fabric softening agent and a nonionic stabilizing agent wherein the water insoluble cationic fabric softening agent is a quaternary ammonium material and the nonionic stabilizing agent is preferably selected from a predominantly linear C8 to C22 alcohol alkoxylated with 10 or more moles of alkylene oxide. The nonionic stabilizing agent may also be a C10 to C20 alcohol or mixtures thereof. For high temperature stability the nonionic stability agent is an alkoxylated alcohol having a clear phase at a 1% concentration in water somewhere in the range of 0 DEG C. and 45 DEG C. and a Krafft point of less than 30 DEG C.

Priority: GB19910006308 Applic. Date: 1991-03-25; GB19910015255 Applic. Date: 1991-07-15; US1992-984064 Applic. Date: 1992-11-30; US1992-857013 Applic. Date: 1992-03-24

Inventor: ELLIS SIMON R [GB]; TURNER GRAHAM A [GB]


Patent No.: US5419842A  Issued: 30/May/1995

Title: Anionic fabric softening composition containing pentaerythritol softener

Applicant/Assignee: COLGATE-PALMOLIVE COMPANY

Application No.: 258297   Filing Date: 13/Jun/1994

Abstract:

An anionic fabric softening emulsion composition containing a pentaerythritol softener, an anionic emulsifying agent, and, optionally, a nonionic emulsifier.

Priority:

Inventor: CRUTZEN ANDRE [BE]


Patent No.: US5420104A  Issued: 30/May/1995

Title: Perfumed composition

Applicant/Assignee: FIRMENICH S.A

Application No.: 193206   Filing Date: 14/Feb/1994

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP93/01366 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 14, 1994 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 14, 1994 PCT Filed Jun. 16, 1993 PCT Pub. No. WO93/25185 PCT Pub. Date Dec. 23, 1993.A perfumed composition is described containing a cationic phospholipid, a perfume base having microbial action, and a fatty alcohol having 10 to 22 carbon atoms, extremely useful in deodorants and antiperspirants. Its anti-microbial activity is greater than that of known compositions, and can be measured by the direct spray method using the device shown in the FIGURE.

Priority: CH19920001889 Applic. Date: 1992-06-16; WO1993EP01366 Applic. Date: 1993-06-01

Inventor: HOLZNER GUENTER [CH]; BUCHLI FRANZ [CH]


Patent No.: US5422021A  Issued: 06/Jun/1995

Title: Fabric softening

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 195594   Filing Date: 14/Feb/1994

Abstract:

A method of preparing a fabric softening material which comprises a quaternary ammonium material and at least on C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl group connected to the molecule via an ester linkage, said method comprising the step of reacting a base material with an alkyl or alkenyl group containing material, such that at least one alkyl or alkenyl group is connected to the base material via an ester linkage, wherein the reaction between the base material and the alkyl or alkenyl group containing material is carried out in the presence of an excess of alkyl or alkenyl groups, said excess being effective to lower the pour point of the softener material.

Priority: GB19890021168 Applic. Date: 1989-09-19; US1992-890333 Applic. Date: 1992-05-26; US1990-580890 Applic. Date: 1990-09-11

Inventor: TURNER GRAHAM A [GB]


Patent No.: US5425887A  Issued: 20/Jun/1995

Title: Encapsualted perfume in fabric conditioning articles

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 97791   Filing Date: 26/Jul/1993

Abstract:

A tumble dryer article comprising an effective amount of a fabric conditioning composition containing from about 60 to about 99 wt. % of a hydrocarbon based fabric conditioning component a) an effective amount of a fabric conditioning composition having (i) from about 60 to about 99 wt. % of a hydrocarbon based fabric conditioning component

and (ii) 0.5 wt. % to 30 wt. % perfume capsules consisting essentially of a water soluble natural or modified natural or synthetic polymer and 1% to 70% perfume, the fabric conditioning composition having 10 wt. % or less free water when 0.5 wt. % to 10 wt. % perfume capsules are present and a free water to perfume capsules ratio of less than about 1 when more than 10 wt. % perfume particles are present

and b) dispensing means for dispensing the fabric conditioning composition onto fabrics in a tumble dryer.

Priority:

Inventor: LAM ANDREW C [US]; TSAUR LIANG S [US]; LIN SAMUEL Q [US]; ANSARI HIFZUR R [US]


Patent No.: US5427697A  Issued: 27/Jun/1995

Title: Clear or translucent, concentrated fabric softener compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 169859   Filing Date: 17/Dec/1993

Abstract:

The present invention relates to clear or translucent, rinse-added fabric softening compositions comprising from about 20% to about 80% imidazoline, imidazolinium, and/or di(2-amidoethyl)methyl quaternary ammonium fabric softener active, from about 2% to about 25% C8-C22 mono-alkyl cationic quaternary ammonium compound dispersibility aids, and from about 17% to about 75% non-aqueous organic solvent, wherein the fatty acyl groups of the softener active have an average Iodine Value of at least about 50. Preferably the compositions have a viscosity of from about 15 cps to about 500 cps when diluted with from about 1:1 to about 1:5, softening composition to water.

Priority:

Inventor: SWARTLEY DONALD M [US]


Patent No.: US5429756A  Issued: 04/Jul/1995

Title: Ribose diester quaternary useful as a fabric conditioner

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 252033   Filing Date: 01/Jun/1994

Abstract:

Biodegradable compounds which are effective fabric conditioning molecules are described as having Formula I (I) wherein R1 is a C1-4 alkyl or alkenyl, R2 and R3 are each independently a C7-C30 straight or branched alkyl or alkenyl, R4 is a C1-4 alkyl or alkenyl or hydroxyalkyl and X is a water soluble anion.

Priority:

Inventor: RAHMAN MOHAMMAD A [US]; HUNG ANTHONY P C [US]; WU SHANG-REN [US]


Patent No.: US5429767A  Issued: 04/Jul/1995

Title: Storage-stable whitener formulation

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA-GEIGY CORPORATION

Application No.: 168014   Filing Date: 15/Dec/1993

Abstract:

The invention relates to storage-stable formulations comprising anionic fluorescent whitening agents, an anionic polysaccharide, one or more dispersants and water as well as further optional components. These formulations are especially suitable for the preparation of liquid detergent compositions.

Priority: CH19920003940 Applic. Date: 1992-12-22

Inventor: ZELGER JOSEF [CH]


Patent No.: US5441727A  Issued: 15/Aug/1995

Title: Diketone deodorant composition and method of deodorization

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 557174   Filing Date: 30/Jul/1990

Abstract:

The present invention provides deodorant compositions for controlling malodor from perspiration comprising a safe an effective amount of a 1,3-diketone compound having the general formula: wherein each W is independently selected from the group consisting of O, S and (CH2)n, wherein n=1-3

and each X is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl having from about 1 to about 5 carbon atoms, or two X moieties are covalently bonded to form a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, heteroalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ring having from about 3 to about 12 atoms including from 0 to about 3 heteroatoms in the ring

and a topical carrier

whereby the composition is suitable for topical application to the skin or to articles of clothing worn in the vicinity of the skin. Methods for controlling malodor comprising depositing on skin in the axilla or crotch region, or to articles of clothing worn in the vicinity of the skin of a safe and effective amount of a 1,3-diketone of the present invention, are also provided.

Priority: US1989-369380 Applic. Date: 1989-06-21

Inventor: CHATTERJEE RANJIT [US]; BUSH RODNEY D [US]


Patent No.: US5445747A  Issued: 29/Aug/1995

Title: Cellulase fabric-conditioning compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 286729   Filing Date: 05/Aug/1994

Abstract:

Fabric softening compositions comprising fabric softening active(s), preferably cationic and/or nonionic fabric softening actives

cellulase

and an effective amount of perfume comprising certain selected ingredients and being substantially free of other specific perfume ingredients, to cover an off-odor that occurs on fabric treated with said softening compositions. The compositions preferably have a low pH and can also contain free radical scavenging antioxidant material and/or chelant to stabilize the cellulase.

Priority:

Inventor: KVIETOK LISA L [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; HOLLINGSHEAD JUDITH A [US]


Patent No.: US5447644A  Issued: 05/Sep/1995

Title: Method of controlling viscosity of fabric softeners

Applicant/Assignee: INTERNATIONAL FLAVORS & FRAGRANCES INC

Application No.: 242341   Filing Date: 12/May/1994

Abstract:

A method is disclosed for controlling the viscosity of fabric softener compositions to thereby improve shelf life by first forming a microemulsion of a perfume and a surfactant by mixing a perfume and a surfactant at a temperature where each component is in the liquid state. Sufficient shearing forces are used to uniformly disperse the perfume in the surfactant to form a stable microemulsion of said perfume in said surfactant. The microemulsion is then mixed with a fabric softener base formulation.

Priority:

Inventor: GUENIN ERIC P [US]; SMITH LESLIE C [US]


Patent No.: US5453216A  Issued: 26/Sep/1995

Title: Delayed-release encapsulated warewashing composition and process of use

Applicant/Assignee: CREATIVE PRODUCTS RESOURCE, INC

Application No.: 234180   Filing Date: 28/Apr/1994

Abstract:

A delayed-release composite particle is provided which comprises (a) a core particle comprising an inorganic detergent builder salt and an effective amount of at least one wash additive

and (b) a waxy coating encapsulating said core particle, which coating has a melting point of greater than about 65 DEG C. and which chemically disintegrates in aqueous solution at a temperature of less than about 65 DEG C. and a pH of above about 9.0.

Priority:

Inventor: KELLETT GEORGE W [US]


Patent No.: US5456846A  Issued: 10/Oct/1995

Title: Method of conditioning fabrics with glyceric acid based biodegradable moelcules

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 391949   Filing Date: 21/Feb/1995

Abstract:

A method of conditioning fabrics with a composition containing novel agents which contain either an ester or a NH link between a glyceric carboxyl group and a quaternary ammonium group is described. The compounds based on glyceric acid are both effective fabric conditioners and biodegradable, and may be formulated in any conventional physical form to form the fabric conditioning composition.

Priority: US1994-260641 Applic. Date: 1994-06-16

Inventor: RAHMAN MOHAMMAD A [US]; HUMPHREYS ROBERT W R [US]; WU SHANG-REN [US]


Patent No.: US5458809A  Issued: 17/Oct/1995

Title: Surfactant-containing dye transfer inhibiting compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO

Application No.: 373196   Filing Date: 17/Jan/1995

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US93/06223 Sec. 371 Date Jan. 17, 1995 Sec. 102(e) Date Jan. 17, 1995 PCT Filed Jun. 30, 1993 PCT Pub. No. WO94/02580 PCT Pub. Date Feb. 3, 1994.The present invention relates to dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising: a) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain units having the structure formula (I), wherein P is a polymerizable unit, whereto the N-O group can be attached to or wherein the N-O group forms part of the polymerizable unit or a combination of both

A is (a), (b), (c), -O-, -S-, (d)

x is =0 or 1

R are aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatic, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N-O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N-O group form part of these groups

b) a surfactant system comprising a surfactant selected from nonionic and/or anionic and/or cationic and/or ampholytic and/or zwitterionic and/or semi-polar surfactants.

Priority: EP19920202168 Applic. Date: 1992-07-15; EP19920870182 Applic. Date: 1992-11-06; EP19930201198 Applic. Date: 1993-04-26; EP19930870106 Applic. Date: 1993-06-09; WO1993US06223 Applic. Date: 1993-06-30

Inventor: FREDJ ABDENNACEUR [BE]; JOHNSTON JAMES P [BE]; THOEN CHRISTIAAN A J [BE]


Patent No.: US5458810A  Issued: 17/Oct/1995

Title: Enzymatic detergent compositions inhibiting dye transfer

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO

Application No.: 373198   Filing Date: 17/Jan/1995

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US93/06149 Sec. 371 Date Jan. 17, 1995 Sec. 102(e) Date Jan. 17, 1995 PCT Filed Jun. 30, 1993 PCT Pub. No. WO94/02577 PCT Pub. Date Feb. 3, 1994.The present invention relates to inhibiting dye transfer compositions comprising polyamine N-oxide polymers which contain units having the following structure formula: wherein P is a polymerizable unit, whereto the N-group can be attached to or wherein the N-O group forms part of the polymerizable unit or a combination of both. s, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N-O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N-O group form part of these groups.

Priority: EP19920202168 Applic. Date: 1992-07-15; EP19930201198 Applic. Date: 1993-04-26; EP19930870107 Applic. Date: 1993-06-09; WO1993US06149 Applic. Date: 1993-06-30

Inventor: FREDJ ABDENNACEUR [BE]; JOHNSTON JAMES P [GB]; THOEN CHRISTIAAN A J [BE]; LABEQUE REGINE [BE]


Patent No.: US5460736A  Issued: 24/Oct/1995

Title: Fabric softening composition containing chlorine scavengers

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 320475   Filing Date: 07/Oct/1994

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a solid particulate or liquid rinse-added fabric softening composition containing specific chlorine scavengers. The solid particulate composition, comprises from about 50% to about 95%, by weight of the composition, of biodegradable, cationic quaternary ammonium fabric softening compound and an effective amount of chlorine scavenger selected from the group consisting of: amines

ammonium salts

amino acids, but not lysine

polyamino acids

polyethyleneimines

polyamines, but not di(higher alkyl)cyclic amines nor their condensation products

polyamineamides

polyacrylamides

and mixtures thereof. The solid particulate composition further comprises from about 0% to about 30%, by weight of the composition, of a modifier, for viscosity, dispersibility, or both

and from about 0% to about 20%, by weight of the composition, of a pH modifier. The liquid composition comprises from about 0.5% to about 50%, by weight of the composition, of biodegradable, cationic quaternary ammonium fabric softening compound, an effective amount of chlorine scavenger selected from the same group as for the solid particulate composition, from about 0% to about 30%, by weight of the composition of a modifier for viscosity, dispersibility, or both, and the balance comprising a liquid carrier selected from the group consisting of water, C1-C 4 monohydric alcohols, C2-C8 polyhydric alcohols, liquid polyalkylene glycols, propylene carbonate, and mixtures thereof. The liquid compositions have a pH of from about 2 to about 5.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; SWARTLEY DONALD M [US]


Patent No.: US5460752A  Issued: 24/Oct/1995

Title: Built dye transfer inhibiting compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO

Application No.: 373199   Filing Date: 17/Jan/1995

Abstract:

The present invention relates to inhibiting dye transfer compositions comprising a) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain units having the following structure formula: wherein P is a polymerizable unit, whereto the N-O group can be attached to or wherein the N-O group forms part of the polymerizable unit or a combination of both. A is X is or 0 or 1

R are aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatics, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N-O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N-O group form part of these groups. b) a builder.

Priority: EP19920202168 Applic. Date: 1992-07-15; EP19930201198 Applic. Date: 1993-04-26; EP19930870108 Applic. Date: 1993-06-09

Inventor: FREDJ ABDENNACEUR [BE]; JOHNSTON JAMES P [GB]; THOEN CHRISTIAN A J [BE]


Patent No.: US5470507A  Issued: 28/Nov/1995

Title: Dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising polymeric dispersing agents

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO

Application No.: 373257   Filing Date: 17/Jan/1995

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising: a) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain units having structure formula (I), wherein P is a polymerisable unit, whereto the N-O group can be attached to or wherein the N-O group forms part of the polymerisable unit or a combination of both

A is (a), (b), (c), -O-, -S-, (d)

x is O or 1

R are aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatic, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N-O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N-O group forms part of these groups

b) a polymeric dispersing agent.

Priority: EP19920202168 Applic. Date: 1992-07-15; EP19920870181 Applic. Date: 1992-11-06; EP19930201198 Applic. Date: 1993-04-26; EP19930870109 Applic. Date: 1993-06-09

Inventor: FREDJ ABDENNACEUR [BE]; JOHNSTON JAMES P [BE]; THOEN CHRISTIAAN A J [BE]


Patent No.: US5474576A  Issued: 12/Dec/1995

Title: Detergent compositions inhibiting dye transfer in washing

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 307735   Filing Date: 18/Jul/1994

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US93/00626 Sec. 371 Date Jul. 18, 1994 Sec. 102(e) Date Jul. 18, 1994 PCT Filed Jan. 22, 1993 PCT Pub. No. WO93/15176 PCT Pub. Date Aug. 5, 1993.A dye transfer inhibiting compositions are disclosed, comprising: A. an metallo catalyst selected from a) metallo porphin and water-soluble or water-dispersable derivatives thereof

b) metallo porphyrin and water-soluble or water-dispersable derivatives thereof

c) metallo phthalocyanine and water-soluble or water-dispersable derivatives thereof

B. an amine base catalyst stabilizer capable of binding to the 5th ligand of the metallo catalyst. C. an enzymatic system capable of generating hydrogen peroxide.

Priority: EP19920870019 Applic. Date: 1992-01-31; WO1993US00626 Applic. Date: 1993-01-22

Inventor: THOEN CHRISTIAAN A J K [BE]; FREDJ ADBENNACEUR [BE]; LABEQUE REGINE [BE]


Patent No.: US5474691A  Issued: 12/Dec/1995

Title: Dryer-added fabric treatment article of manufacture containing antioxidant and sunscreen compounds for sun fade protection of fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 280424   Filing Date: 26/Jul/1994

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a dryer-added fabric treatment article of manufacturing to reduce the fading of fabrics from sunlight comprising: I. a composition comprising: A. from about 5% to about 75%, by weight of the composition, of a sun- fade protection active selected from the group consisting of: i. a non-fabric staining, light stable, antioxidant compound preferably containing at least one C8-C22 hydrocarbon fatty organic moiety

ii. a non-fabric staining, light stable, sunscreen compound

and iii. mixtures thereof, B. from about 10% to about 95% by weight of the composition of a fabric conditioning compound

and II. a substrate, on which said composition is attached, which provides for release of an effective amount of said sun-fade protection active and said fabric conditioning compound onto fabrics in an automatic laundry dryer at automatic laundry dryer operating temperatures

wherein said antioxidant compound is a solid having a melting point of less than about 80 DEG C., or a liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

and wherein said sunscreen compound absorbs light at a wavelength of from about 290 nm to about 450 nm and is a solid compound having a melting point of from about 25 DEG C. to about 90 DEG C., or a viscous liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

Priority:

Inventor: SEVERNS JOHN C [US]


Patent No.: US5474835A  Issued: 12/Dec/1995

Title: Cationic silicones

Applicant/Assignee: KARLSHAMNS AB

Application No.: 289535   Filing Date: 12/Aug/1994

Abstract:

A cationic silicone compound which can be employed in a variety of environments, such as a fiber lubricant, textile fabric softener, hair conditioner, and skin conditioner is formed from an aminosilicone compound which has the following Formula (I): is 0-4, preferably 1 or 2

R1 comprises hydrogen, an alkyl, aryl, alkynyl, alkenyl, alkyloxyalkylene group which may be unsubstituted or substituted with P,N, or S moieties

R2 is defined the same as R1 and can also be a carboxylic acid residue preferably a fatty acid residues, with the proviso that where R2 is a carboxylic acid residue, the R1 attached to the terminal N is hydrogen

R3 is defined the same as R2 and can also be alkoxy, aryloxy or oxyalkylene groups

R4 is defined the same as R3 and can also be an amino-substituted alkyl group

Z1 and Z2 can be the same or different and comprise an alkyl, aryl, alkenyl or alkynyl group with the proviso that if b is 0, then at least one of the R4 groups comprises an amino-substituted alkyl group. In particular, the aminosilicone is quaternized using known quaternizing agents, e.g., alkylation reagents.

Priority: US1992-975335 Applic. Date: 1992-11-16; US1990-546372 Applic. Date: 1990-06-29

Inventor: MCCARTHY JAMES P [US]; GREENE GEORGE H [US]; DEWAR ANTHONY G [US]


Patent No.: US5476599A  Issued: 19/Dec/1995

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning and antistatic compositions containing biodegradable compounds having unsaturation

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 358032   Filing Date: 15/Dec/1994

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions comprising: (A) quaternary ammonium compounds

(B) a carboxylic acid salt of a tertiary amine and/or a tertiary amine ester

and (C) optionally, a nonionic softener

wherein the IV of the total number of fatty acyl groups present in (A), (B), and (C) is from about 3 to about 60. These compositions exhibit good antistatic properties as well as improved delivery from a substrate.

Priority: US1993-102880 Applic. Date: 1993-08-06

Inventor: RUSCHE JOHN R [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US]; SIVIK MARK R [US]; BACON DENNIS R [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US5478489A  Issued: 26/Dec/1995

Title: Dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising bleaching agents and a polyamine N-oxide polymer

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 373197   Filing Date: 17/Jan/1995

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US93/06224 Sec. 371 Date Jan. 17, 1995 Sec. 102(e) Date Jan. 17, 1992 PCT Filed Jun. 30, 1993 PCT Pub. No. WO94/02581 PCT Pub. Date Feb. 3, 1994.The present invention relates to dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising: a) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain a polymersiable unit, whereto the N-O group can be attached to or wherein the N-O group forms part of the polymersiable unit or a combination of both

and a moiety which can be an aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatic, aromatic, heterocyclic or allcyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N-O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N-O group form part of these groups

a preferred polymer is poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide)

and b) a bleaching agent.

Priority: EP19920202168 Applic. Date: 1992-07-15; EP19920870181 Applic. Date: 1992-11-06; EP19930201198 Applic. Date: 1993-04-26; EP19930870105 Applic. Date: 1993-06-09; WO1993US06224 Applic. Date: 1993-06-30

Inventor: FREDJ ABDENNACEUR [BE]; JOHNSTON JAMES P [GB]; THOEN CHRISTIAAN A J [BE]


Patent No.: US5480567A  Issued: 02/Jan/1996

Title: Surfactant mixtures for fabric conditioning compositions

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 259706   Filing Date: 14/Jan/1994

Abstract:

A tumble dryer article comprising: a mixture of at least two surfactants, (i) a first surfactant present in an amount of about 5 wt. % to about 70 wt. % and having an endotherm peak temperature of from about 75 DEG C. to about 155 DEG C., (ii) a second surfactant present in an amount of about 30 wt. % to about 95 wt. % and having an endotherm peak temperature of from about 35 DEG C. to about 70 DEG C., wherein the peak temperatures of the first and second surfactant of the mixture are different from each other by at least about 1 DEG C. as measured in a differential scanning calorimeter device and a melting transition temperature of the mixture being from about 50 DEG C. to about 120 DEG C.

and dispenser means for dispensing the mixture onto fabrics in a tumble dryer.

Priority:

Inventor: LAM ANDREW C [US]; LIN SAMUEL Q [US]; TAYLOR TIMOTHY J [US]; WINTERS JOHN R [US]


Patent No.: US5480575A  Issued: 02/Jan/1996

Title: Adjuncts dissolved in molecular solid solutions

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 160538   Filing Date: 01/Dec/1993

Abstract:

A method of protecting sensitive or reactive adjuncts, preferably of the type incorporated in detergent compositions, by dissolving said adjunct in a biopolymer, thereby forming a stable particulate adjunct product comprising a molecular solid solution of adjunct in a biopolymer. Preferred adjuncts to be protected include bleach catalysts, bleach catalyst precursors, bleach precursors, enzymes, fluorescers, germicides, perfumes, anti-dye transfer and anti-dye damage agents and effervescent agents. The protected adjunct is especially useful for incorporation in non-aqueous liquid detergent compositions.

Priority: EP19920203753 Applic. Date: 1992-12-03

Inventor: ALTIERI PAUL A [US]; EDEN JAMES [US]; GRIBNAU MICHAEL C [NL]; HOOGENDIJK LEENDERT [NL]; KRIJNEN LAMBERTUS B [US]; SOLAREK DANIEL B [US]; SWARTHOFF TON [NL]


Patent No.: US5482635A  Issued: 09/Jan/1996

Title: Fabric conditioner with deodorant perfume composition

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 443254   Filing Date: 17/May/1995

Abstract:

A fabric conditioning product which may be used during the rinsing or tumble drying of fabrics after washing, contains a perfume composition which contains specified ketones and salicylates. The perfumes inhibit development of human body malodour on the fabrics when worn and the combination of specified materials makes it possible to avoid inclusion of individual components with powerful, unacceptable odors.

Priority: GB19890014055 Applic. Date: 1989-06-19; GB19930008953 Applic. Date: 1993-04-30; US1994-235600 Applic. Date: 1994-04-29; US1993-089154 Applic. Date: 1993-07-08; US1991-697918 Applic. Date: 1991-05-01; US1990-539636 Applic. Date: 1990-06-18

Inventor: BEHAN JOHN M [GB]; CLEMENTS CHRISTOPHER F [GB]; MARTIN JOHN R [GB]; PERRING KEITH D [GB]


Patent No.: US5482654A  Issued: 09/Jan/1996

Title: Safety indicator system

Applicant/Assignee: WARNAWAY CORPORATION

Application No.: 336472   Filing Date: 09/Nov/1994

Abstract:

A method for use in warning about wet flooring conditions is disclosed. The method comprises the use of an indicator composition containing from about 90 to about 50 wt. % of basic compound

and from about 10 to about 50 wt. % of a compound selected from the group consisting of a phthalic anhydride derivative of the formula and a poly-nitrophenolic compound of the formula wherein n is an integer selected from 0 to 4, each Y and each Z is selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms and hydrogen, B is selected from hydrogen and -NO2, and X is selected from whereby an intensely colored solution is formed when the composition is in the presence of an amphoprotic liquid.

Priority:

Inventor: LUTTRELL MARK G [US]; WESCOTT JR LYLE D [US]


Patent No.: US5486297A  Issued: 23/Jan/1996

Title: Dye fading protection from soil release agents

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 259724   Filing Date: 14/Jun/1994

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a method for reducing dye fading of a fabric comprising depositing on the fabric a soil release agent capable of substantially absorbing ultraviolet and/or visible light (in the 200-700 nanometer wavelength range). The soil release agent is preferably deposited on the fabric during a laundering or drying operation. Preferably the weight ratio of soil release agent to fabric is between about 1:10,000 and about 1:100. The soil release agent has light-absorbing chemical structure groups which can include carbonyls, carboxylates, conjugated double bonds, and/or aromatic rings. Suitable soil release agents for use in the invention include oliogomeric, substantially linear, sulfonated poly-ethoxy/propoxy end-capped esters, which comprise oxyethyleneoxy units and terephthaloyl units.

Priority:

Inventor: MARIN-CARRILLO EDGAR M [VE]; AMESTICA LUIS A [VE]; FIGUEROA FRANCISCO R [VE]; RAMIREZ-SEMECO ANA M [VE]


Patent No.: US5494594A  Issued: 27/Feb/1996

Title: Metal surface treatments

Applicant/Assignee: BETZ LABORATORIES, INC

Application No.: 282127   Filing Date: 28/Jul/1994

Abstract:

A method and composition for reducing and maintaining the coefficient of friction of a metal surface cleaned by an alkaline cleaner, while preventing the formation of foam on said surface, is disclosed. The cleaned metal surface is contacted with a treatment comprising monoethanolamine, an ethoxylated alkyl ether phosphate and a silicate.

Priority: US1993-106502 Applic. Date: 1993-08-13

Inventor: RODZEWICH EDWARD A [US]


Patent No.: US5494600A  Issued: 27/Feb/1996

Title: Detergent additive absorbed into a porous hydrophobic material having a hydrophobic coating

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 381893   Filing Date: 08/Feb/1995

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US93/07088 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 8, 1995 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 8, 1995 PCT Filed Jul. 28, 1993 PCT Pub. No. WO94/04267 PCT Pub. Date Mar. 3, 1994.The present invention provides a detergent additive comprising a water-soluble or water-dispersible detergent active compound such as enzyme characterized in that said compound is mixed with a surfactant before absorption into a porous hydrophobic material such as silica, said porous material subsequently being coated with a hydrophobic material such as silicone oil. Detergent compositions containing said additive are also encompassed.

Priority: EP19920202534 Applic. Date: 1992-08-18; WO1993US07088 Applic. Date: 1993-07-28

Inventor: SURUTZIDIS ATHANASIOS [BE]; JONES ROGER J [BE]


Patent No.: US5501805A  Issued: 26/Mar/1996

Title: Fragrance compositions and their use in detergent products

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 428398   Filing Date: 25/Apr/1995

Abstract:

Compositions of fragrance materials having an Odour Intensity Index of less than 110, and a Malodour Reduction Value of at least 0.25 or an Odour Reduction Value of at least 0.25, can be used as fragrance compositions in detergent powders, detergent liquids, soap or detergent bars or pastes, fabric-conditioning compositions in liquid or solid form, or personal body deodorant compositions, to confer deodorant effects in use even though they have in themselves a low or imperceptible level of fragrance (Odour Intensity Index).

Priority: GB19890014055 Applic. Date: 1989-06-19; US1993-089154 Applic. Date: 1993-07-08; US1991-697918 Applic. Date: 1991-05-01; US1990-539636 Applic. Date: 1990-06-18

Inventor: BEHAN JOHN M [GB]; CLEMENTS CHRISTOPHER F [GB]


Patent No.: US5503756A  Issued: 02/Apr/1996

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning compositions containing unsaturated fatty acid

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 309339   Filing Date: 20/Sep/1994

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions and articles, having improved antistatic and/or softening effects, for use in an automatic clothes dryer, especially those comprising, as essential ingredients: (A) fabric softener consisting essentially of: (1) from about 5% to about 95% of preferably biodegradable quaternary ammonium compound selected from the group consisting of the compounds of Formulas I, II, III, and mixtures thereof

(2) from 0% to about 95% highly ethoxylated and/or propoxylated, preferably at least 5 ethylene oxide (EO) and/or propylene oxide (PO) groups per molecule, sugar derivative containing at least one long hydrophobic moiety per molecule

and (3) from 0% to about 95% of carboxylic acid salt of tertiary amine

and (B) from about 1% to about 15%, unsaturated fatty acid having an IV of from about 3 to about 60. The amount of (A) present is at least sufficient to provide softening and/or antistatic effects. The active component(s) (A) can, and preferably do, contain unsaturation to provide improved antistatic benefits.

Priority:

Inventor: CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; PALMER CLYDE D [US]; RUSCHE JOHN R [US]; SUNG STEPHANIE L [US]


Patent No.: US5505866A  Issued: 09/Apr/1996

Title: Solid particulate fabric softener composition containing biodegradable cationic ester fabric softener active and acidic pH modifier

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 320479   Filing Date: 07/Oct/1994

Abstract:

Improved solid particulate, granular fabric softening compositions contain biodegradable cationic ester fabric softener actives, especially quaternary ammonium softeners containing two long hydrophobic chains interrupted by ester linkages, and acidic pH modifier, in an effective amount to provide a pH, when the particulate compositions are diluted with water to make liquid softener compositions, of from about 2 to about 5. The solid particulate, granular fabric softening compositions, when added to water, form chemically stable dilute, or concentrated liquid, softener compositions.

Priority:

Inventor: BACON DENNIS R [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US5506201A  Issued: 09/Apr/1996

Title: Formulation of a fat surfactant vehicle containing a fragrance

Applicant/Assignee: INTERNATIONAL FLAVORS & FRAGRANCES INC

Application No.: 346217   Filing Date: 22/Nov/1994

Abstract:

A method is disclosed for producing a fragrance containing solid particle for incorporation into laundry detergent by selecting a fat component such as a fatty acid glyceride, heating said fat component to an elevated temperature sufficient to form a molten melt thereof, selecting a solid surface active agent from the group consisting of SPAN TM surfactants with an HLB of 4.3 to 8.6, heating the surface active agent to form a molten melt thereof and then combining the melts with an aroma chemical to form a mixture. The melt is rapidly cooled to form a solid material.

Priority: US1994-235716 Applic. Date: 1994-04-29

Inventor: MCDERMOTT KEITH J [US]; TEFFENHART JOHN M [US]; GUENIN ERIC P [US]; SHEFER SHMUEL D [US]; TAN CHEE-TECK [US]; SMITH LESLIE C [US]


Patent No.: US5510042A  Issued: 23/Apr/1996

Title: Fabric softening bar compositions containing fabric softener, nonionic phase mofifier and water

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 272171   Filing Date: 08/Jul/1994

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a fabric softening bar composition comprising: from about 40% to about 90% by weight of the composition of a hydrophobic fabric softening compound, from about 5% to about 30% by weight of the composition of a nonionic surfactant, and from about 5% to about 30% by weight of the composition, water. These compositions are low sudsing, low lathering, non-detersive fabric softening compositions.

Priority:

Inventor: HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US]; MERMELSTEIN ROBERT [US]


Patent No.: US5516438A  Issued: 14/May/1996

Title: Fabric softening

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 413575   Filing Date: 30/Mar/1995

Abstract:

A method of preparing a fabric softening material which comprises a quaternary ammonium material and at least one C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl group connected to the molecule via an ester linkage. The process comprises the step of reacting a base material with an alkyl or alkenyl group continuing material, such that at least one alkyl or alkenyl group is connected to the base material via an ester linkage. The reaction between the base material and the alkyl or alkenyl group containing material is carried out in the presence of more than 10 mole percentage excess of the alkyl or alkenyl group containing material to the base material. The excess material being effective to lower the pour point of the softener material.

Priority: GB19890021168 Applic. Date: 1989-09-19; US1994-195594 Applic. Date: 1994-02-14; US1992-890333 Applic. Date: 1992-05-26; US1990-580890 Applic. Date: 1990-09-11

Inventor: TURNER GRAHAM A [GB]


Patent No.: US5534182A  Issued: 09/Jul/1996

Title: Process and laundry formulations for preventing the transfer of dye in laundry processes

Applicant/Assignee: ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY

Application No.: 90860   Filing Date: 12/Jul/1993

Abstract:

This invention provides a process for preventing dye from transferring from one fabric to the same or different fabric in a laundry process. This invention also provides dye transfer inhibiting agents formulated into laundry detergent and fabric softening formulations. More specifically, a process is provided where 1) an aqueous bath is formed comprising a) water, b) dyed fabric, and c) a dye transfer inhibiting agent, 2) the dyed fabric is laundered in the aqueous bath and the fabric releases a portion of the dye from the dyed fabric into the bath, and 3) the dye transfer inhibiting agent is maintained in contact with the dyed fabric for the duration of the laundering step. The laundry detergent and fabric softening formulations are comprised of 0.1 to 15 percent by weight of one or more dye transfer inhibiting agents.

Priority:

Inventor: KIRK THOMAS C [US]; SCHWARTZ CURTIS [US]; WEINSTEIN BARRY [US]


Patent No.: US5534196A  Issued: 09/Jul/1996

Title: Process for making lactam bleach activator containing particles

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO

Application No.: 350089   Filing Date: 29/Nov/1994

Abstract:

Acyl lactam bleach activator is intimately mixed with a water-soluble surfactant to form a bleach activator particle, with good solubility and which perhydrolyzes well. Said process does not include a drying step. Optionally, but preferably, the particle will further comprise binders and a crystalline material.

Priority: US1993-173308 Applic. Date: 1993-12-23

Inventor: CHAPMAN BENJAMIN E [US]; CREEDON MICHAEL T [US]


Patent No.: US5534487A  Issued: 09/Jul/1996

Title: Stabilization of 3-isothiazolone solutions

Applicant/Assignee: ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY

Application No.: 441913   Filing Date: 16/May/1995

Abstract:

The present invention provides a method of stabilizing solutions of 3-isothiazolone compounds using a stabilizing compound of the formula: wherein R is C1-C6 alkyl

and compositions which comprise 3-isothiazolone compound, solvent and stabilizing compound.

Priority:

Inventor: GIRONDA KEVIN F [US]


Patent No.: US5536421A  Issued: 16/Jul/1996

Title: Method for using solid particulate fabric softener in automatic dosing dispenser

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 261317   Filing Date: 16/Jun/1994

Abstract:

A method of softening fabrics where the consumer adds an effective amount of a particulate fabric softening composition comprising fabric softener agent to an automatic dosing dispenser with water, seals the dispenser, and places the automatic dosing dispenser into a washing machine at the beginning of the wash process. The mechanical agitation and/or heat of the wash cycle aids in forming a finely divided emulsion/dispersion of fabric softener agent which is then released from the dispenser during the rinse cycle.

Priority: US1992-952430 Applic. Date: 1992-09-28

Inventor: HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US]; RUSCHE JOHN R [US]; TAYLOR LUCILLE F [US]


Patent No.: US5536452A  Issued: 16/Jul/1996

Title: Aqueous shower rinsing composition and a method for keeping showers clean

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 374918   Filing Date: 19/Jan/1995

Abstract:

The invention relates to a composition for an aqueous rinsing solution for removing deposits from surfaces of showers and the like, and a method of using same without scrubbing or wiping. The composition includes a non-ionic surfactant having an HLB of 13 or less, a chelating agent, and optionally, alcohol and/or ammonium hydroxide and/or morpholine.

Priority: US1993-162751 Applic. Date: 1993-12-07

Inventor: BLACK ROBERT H [US]


Patent No.: US5542951A  Issued: 06/Aug/1996

Title: Use of copolymers based on vinyl monomers and carboxylic acid amides as a detergent additive

Applicant/Assignee: HOECHST AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 195861   Filing Date: 10/Feb/1994

Abstract:

Use of copolymers based on vinyl monomers and carboxylic acid amides as a detergent additive The present invention relates to the use of copolymers comprising 75-95% by weight of the total amount of the monomer of at least one vinyl monomer which is free from carboxyl and amide groups, 5-20% by weight of at least one carboxylic acid amide of the formula (I) in which R is a hydrogen atom or a methylol radical, R1 is a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3-alkyl radical and R2 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl radical and if appropriate together with not more than 5% by weight of a copolymerizable unsaturated carboxylic acid, as a detergent additive for preventing the reabsorption of detached dyestuffs and dyestuff degradation products.

Priority: DE19934304313 Applic. Date: 1993-02-12

Inventor: ANTWERPEN WERNER [DE]; SCHINDLER HERMANN [DE]; REINHARDT GERD [DE]


Patent No.: US5543066A  Issued: 06/Aug/1996

Title: Biodegradable fabric softening composition

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 283102   Filing Date: 29/Jul/1994

Abstract:

A fabric softening composition containing as essential constituent a biodegradable quaternary ammonium compound, characterized in that the composition comprises at least one or more compounds of the formula: wherein X is an anion, A is an (m+n) valent radical remaining after the removal of (m+n) hydroxy groups from an aliphatic polyol having phydroxy groups and an atomic ratio of carbon to oxygen in the range of 1.0 to 3.0 and up to 2 groups per hydroxy group selected from ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, m is 0 or an integer from 1 to p-n, n is an integer from 1 to p-m, and p is an integer of at least 2, B is an alkylene or alkylidene group containing 1 to 4 carbon atoms, R1, R2, R3 and R4 are, independently from each other, straight or branched chain C1-C48 alkyl or alkenyl groups, optionally with substitution by one or more functional groups and/or interruption by at most 10 ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide groups, or by at most two functional groups selected from or R2 and R3 may form a ring system containing 5 or 6 atoms in the ring, with the proviso that the average compound either has at least one R group having 22-48 carbon atoms, or at least two R groups having 16-20 carbon atoms, or at least three R groups having 10-14 carbon atoms.

Priority: EP19930202352 Applic. Date: 1993-08-10

Inventor: WEISSEN HANS J [DE]; PORTA NORBERT [DE]


Patent No.: US5545340A  Issued: 13/Aug/1996

Title: Concentrated biodegradable quaternary ammonium fabric softener compositions and compounds containing intermediate iodine value unsaturated fatty acid chains

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 461207   Filing Date: 05/Jun/1995

Abstract:

The present invention relates to softening compounds

stable, homogeneous, preferably concentrated, aqueous liquid and solid textile treatment compositions

and intermediate compositions and/or processes for making said compositions. The compositions of the present invention contain diester quaternary ammonium compounds wherein the fatty acyl groups have an Iodine Value of from greater than about 5 to less than about 100, a cis/trans isomer weight ratio of greater than about 30/70 when the Iodine Value is less than about 25, the level of unsaturation being less than about 65% by weight, wherein said compounds are capable of forming concentrated aqueous compositions with concentrations greater than about 13% by weight at an Iodine Value of greater than about 10 without viscosity modifiers other than normal polar organic solvents present in the raw material of the compound or added electrolyte.

Priority: US1993-142739 Applic. Date: 1993-10-25; US1993-024541 Applic. Date: 1993-03-01

Inventor: WAHL ERROL H [US]; BACON DENNIS R [US]; BAKER ELLEN S [US]; BODET JEAN-FRANCOIS [GB]; BURNS MICHAEL E [US]; DEMEYERE HUGO J M [BE]; HENSLEY CHARLES A [US]; MERMELSTEIN ROBERT [US]; SEVERNS JOHN C [US]; SHAW JR JOHN H [US]; SIKLOSI MICHAEL P [US]; VOGEL ALICE M [US]; WATSON JEFFREY W [US]


Patent No.: US5545342A  Issued: 13/Aug/1996

Title: Antistatic compositions and antistatic detergent compositions and articles

Applicant/Assignee: COLGATE-PALMOLIVE CO

Application No.: 361028   Filing Date: 21/Dec/1994

Abstract:

Antistatic, fabric softening and soil release promoting compositions are disclosed which comprise nonionic detergent, soil release promoting agent of the PET-POET type, and a certain type of silicone polymer (designated Type X or Silicone X). Such compositions very preferably also include cationic fabric softener (CFS), polyacrylate, silicone glycol copolymer (SGC), and builder for the nonionic detergent, with adjuvants being optional. Also within the invention are compositions that comprise only some of the mentioned components, and such compositions may be employed as wash cycle additives to improve the properties of detergent compositions and of softergent compositions. Processes for manufacturing and using the invented compositions are also disclosed.

Priority: US1993-083416 Applic. Date: 1993-06-28; US1991-792314 Applic. Date: 1991-11-14; US1991-644728 Applic. Date: 1991-01-23; US1989-346053 Applic. Date: 1989-05-02

Inventor: BEAGLE CHARLES A [US]; ADAMS RICHARD P [US]; WIXON HAROLD E [US]


Patent No.: US5545350A  Issued: 13/Aug/1996

Title: Concentrated fabric softener compositions containing biodegradable fabric softeners

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 333902   Filing Date: 03/Nov/1994

Abstract:

Compositions are disclosed containing fabric softener compound having two hydrophobic groups attached to the remainder of the compound through ester linkages (DEQA), said compositions being concentrated and containing viscosity/dispersibility modifiers which are single long chain cationic surfactants, highly ethoxylated nonionic surfactants and/or mixtures thereof. Premixes of the DEQA and viscosity modifiers to lower the viscosity of the molten DEQA are disclosed. Processes for making aqueous liquid compositions from solid particulate compositions containing the DEQA are also disclosed.

Priority: US1993-101130 Applic. Date: 1993-08-02; US1992-881979 Applic. Date: 1992-05-12

Inventor: BAKER ELLEN S [US]; BODET JEAN-FRANCOIS [GB]; DEMEYERE HUGO J M [BE]; HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US]; HUBESCH BRUNO A [BE]; MERMELSTEIN ROBERT [US]; TAYLOR LUCILLE F [US]; WAHL ERROL H [US]


Patent No.: US5547475A  Issued: 20/Aug/1996

Title: Phosphate-free reduction bleaching formulation

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA-GEIGY CORPORATION

Application No.: 292152   Filing Date: 17/Aug/1994

Abstract:

A phosphate-free reduction bleach formulation comprising (a) a reduction bleaching agent and (b) a bleach stabiliser selected from (b1) a citric acid derivative, (b2) a homo- or copolymer of an ethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid, (b3) a water-soluble magnesium salt and (b4) an alkali metal salt of tetraboric acid. The bleach formulation is suitable for the reduction bleaching of vegetable, animal or synthetic fibres as well as paper. High degrees of whiteness are obtained. The formulation is substantially ecologically compatible.

Priority: CH19930002492 Applic. Date: 1993-08-20

Inventor: TRABER RAINER H [CH]


Patent No.: US5549715A  Issued: 27/Aug/1996

Title: Method for bleaching textile material

Applicant/Assignee: DEGUSSA AUSTRIA GMBH

Application No.: 347146   Filing Date: 22/Nov/1994

Abstract:

A method for bleaching textile material, including preparing an aqueous alkaline solution of a bleaching agent composed of formamidine sulfinic acid and at least one carbohydrate having a general total formula CnH2nOn, the formamidine sulfinic acid and the at least one carbohydrate having a weight ratio with respect to one another which ranges from 80:20 to 99:1

and bleaching textile material composed at least in part of cellulose materials by contacting the textile material with the bleaching agent at a temperature above 50 DEG C. therefor.

Priority: AT19930002378 Applic. Date: 1993-11-23; US19950004961P Applic. Date: 1995-10-06

Inventor: OLIP VINZENZ [AT]


Patent No.: US5559088A  Issued: 24/Sep/1996

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning and antistatic compositions with improved perfume longevity

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTOR & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 499158   Filing Date: 07/Jul/1995

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions comprising: (A) fabric softening compounds

(B) a non-allylic perfume alcohol ester

and (C) optionally, (1) a carboxylic acid salt of a tertiary amine and/or a tertiary amine ester

and (2) a nonionic softener

wherein, preferably, the Iodine Value of the total number of fatty acyl groups present in (A), (C)(1), and (C)(2) is from about 3 to about 60. These compositions exhibit good antistatic properties as well as improved delivery from a substrate.

Priority:

Inventor: SEVERNS JOHN C [US]; SIVIK MARK R [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US]; DENUTTE HUGO R G [BE]; COSTA JILL B [US]; CHUNG ALEX H [US]


Patent No.: US5559090A  Issued: 24/Sep/1996

Title: Stable, hydrogen peroxide-containing bleaching compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 157200   Filing Date: 22/Sep/1994

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US92/04774 Sec. 371 Date Sep. 22, 1994 Sec. 102(e) Date Sep. 22, 1994 PCT Filed Jun. 8, 1992 PCT Pub. No. WO92/22496 PCT Pub. Date Dec. 23, 1992Aqueous acidic bleaching compositions are described which comprise hydrogen peroxide and a specific class of surfactants which stabilize hydrogen peroxide.

Priority: EP19910870094 Applic. Date: 1991-06-14; WO1992US04774 Applic. Date: 1992-06-08

Inventor: SCIALLA STEFANO [IT]; CARDOLA SERGIO [IT]


Patent No.: US5559273A  Issued: 24/Sep/1996

Title: Aqueous textile auxiliary compositions

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA-GEIGY CORPORATION

Application No.: 484374   Filing Date: 07/Jun/1995

Abstract:

There is described a low-foaming, nonsilicone, aqueous textile auxiliary composition comprising (a) a homopolymer of an ethylenically unsaturated sulfonic or carboxylic acid or an anhydride thereof, (b) a nonionic surfactant of formula wherein R is an aliphatic radical of at least 8 carbon atoms, R1 is hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, a cycloaliphatic radical of at least 5 carbon atoms, styryl, an unsubstituted or halogen substituted C1-C10alkylisocyanato or an unsubstituted or by a hetero atom substituted cycloalkylisocyanato or cycloalkenylisocyanato radical, "alkylene" denotes an alkylene radical of 2 to 4 carbon atoms, and p is an integer from 2 to 60, and optionally (c) a hydrotropic agent. The textile auxiliary composition is suitable for use as dispersants and for wetting, washing and/or bleaching fiber materials.

Priority: CH19910000638 Applic. Date: 1991-03-04; WO1992EP00299 Applic. Date: 1992-02-12; US1993-107768 Applic. Date: 1993-08-25

Inventor: GUTH CHRISTIAN [CH]; STEHLIN ALBERT [FR]; KROEHNKE CHRISTOPH [DE]


Patent No.: US5562847A  Issued: 08/Oct/1996

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning and antistatic compositions with improved perfume longevity

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 552764   Filing Date: 03/Nov/1995

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions comprising: (A) fabric softening compounds

and (B) an ester of an alcohol perfume wherein the ester has at least one free carboxylic acid. The ester has the general formula: wherein R is selected from the group consisting of substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 straight, branched or cyclic alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkylaryl, aryl group

or ring containing a heteroatom, R' is a perfume alcohol with a boiling point at 760 mm Hg of less than about 300 DEG C.

and m and n are independently an integer of 1 or greater.

Priority:

Inventor: WAITE SCOTT W [US]; SEVERNS JOHN C [US]; SIVIK MARK R [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK A [US]


Patent No.: US5567340A  Issued: 22/Oct/1996

Title: Nitrogen-free anionic softeners

Applicant/Assignee: HENKEL KOMMANDITGESELLSCHAFT AUF AKTIEN

Application No.: 454302   Filing Date: 16/Jun/1995

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP93/03469 Sec. 371 Date Jun. 16, 1995 Sec. 102(e) Date Jun. 16, 1995 PCT Filed Dec. 9, 1993 PCT Pub. No. WO94/13768 PCT Pub. Date Jun. 23, 1994Nitrogen-free anionic fabric softeners are provided by sulfated fatty acid partial glycerides corresponding fo formula (I): (I) in which R1, R2 and R3 independently of one another represent at least one aliphatic, linear or branched acyl radical containing 6 to 22 carbon atoms, at least one sulfate group and optionally a hydroxyl group, and m, n and p=0 or a number from 1 to 10.

Priority: DE19924242689 Applic. Date: 1992-12-17; WO1993EP03469 Applic. Date: 1993-12-09

Inventor: BEHLER ANSGAR [DE]; PLOOG UWE [DE]; UPHUES GUENTHER [DE]; WAHLE BERND [DE]; WALTENBERGER PETER [DE]; JANSEN YVONNE [DE]


Patent No.: US5576282A  Issued: 19/Nov/1996

Title: Color-safe bleach boosters, compositions and laundry methods employing same

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 526623   Filing Date: 11/Sep/1995

Abstract:

Bleach boosters comprising zwitterionic imines and anionic imine polyions having a net negative charge are disclosed. The bleach boosters increase bleaching effectiveness in lower temperature solutions and demonstrate superior color safety profiles. The bleach boosters are ideally suited for inclusion into bleaching compositions including those with detersive surfactants and enzymes. Also provided is a laundry additive product including zwitterionic imines and anionic imine polyions with a net negative charge as bleach boosters. A method for laundering a fabric employing the bleach boosters of the present invention is also disclosed.

Priority:

Inventor: MIRACLE GREGORY S [US]; BURNS MICHAEL E [US]; KELLETT PATTI J [US]; BURCKETT-ST LAURENT JAMES C T [US]


Patent No.: US5578234A  Issued: 26/Nov/1996

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning compositions containing unsaturated fatty acid

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 541448   Filing Date: 10/Oct/1995

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions and articles, having improved antistatic and/or softening effects, for use in an automatic clothes dryer, especially those comprising, as essential ingredients: (A) fabric softener consisting essentially of: (1) from about 5% to about 95% of preferably biodegradable quaternary ammonium compound selected from the group consisting of the compounds of Formulas I, II, III, and mixtures thereof

(2) from 0% to about 95% highly ethoxylated and/or propoxylated, preferably at least 5 ethylene oxide (EO) and/or propylene oxide (PO) groups per molecule, sugar derivative containing at least one long hydrophobic moiety per molecule

and (3) from 0% to about 95% of carboxylic acid salt of tertiary amine

and (B) from about 1% to about 15%, unsaturated fatty acid having an IV of from about 3 to about 60. The amount of (A) present is at least sufficient to provide softening and/or antistatic effects. The active component(s) (A) can, and preferably do, contain unsaturation to provide improved antistatic benefits.

Priority: US1994-309339 Applic. Date: 1994-09-20

Inventor: CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; PALMER CLYDE D [US]; RUSCHE JOHN R [US]; SUNG STEPHANIE LIN-LIN [US]


Patent No.: US5578240A  Issued: 26/Nov/1996

Title: Compositions and methods for identifying a solution

Applicant/Assignee: ALLERGAN, INC

Application No.: 227707   Filing Date: 14/Apr/1994

Abstract:

A composition and method useful to quickly and effectively indicate whether a functional component such as catalase has been added to a clear solution such as a hydrogen peroxide solution involves compounding with the functional component an effective amount of vitamin B-12 such that when the compounded composition is added to the clear solution, the clear solution turns rose colored. By observing the rose color, the user can determine that the functional component has been added to the clear solution.

Priority: US1991-752320 Applic. Date: 1991-08-30

Inventor: PARK JOHN Y [US]; COOK JAMES N [US]; DZIABO JR ANTHONY J [US]


Patent No.: US5578563A  Issued: 26/Nov/1996

Title: Composition for reducing malodor impression on inanimate surfaces

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 289733   Filing Date: 12/Aug/1994

Abstract:

The present invention relates to an aqueous composition for reducing malodor impression. The composition comprises from about 0.1% to about 20%, by weight of the composition, of solubilized, water-soluble alkali metal salt selected from the group consisting of carbonate salts, bicarbonate salts, and mixtures thereof, from about 0.01% to about 1%, by weight of the composition, of perfume. Optionally, but preferably, the composition comprises from about 0% to about 5%, by weight of the composition, of solubilized, water-soluble cyclodextrin, and from about 0% to about 3%, by weight of the composition, of solubilizing aid. The composition is essentially free of any material that would soil or stain fabric and contains less than about 5%, by weight of the composition, of low molecular weight monohydric alcohol, and has a pH of from about 7.5 to about 10.5.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; CAPPEL JEROME P [US]; GEIS PHILIP A [US]; MCCARTY MARK L [US]; ZWERDLING SUSAN S [US]


Patent No.: US5599782A  Issued: 04/Feb/1997

Title: Soil release agents for granular laundry detergents

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 576263   Filing Date: 21/Dec/1995

Abstract:

Improved soil release agents for granular laundry detergents, typically used at levels as low as about 1% of a fully-formulated anionic surfactant-containing granular detergent, are reaction products of transesterifying and oligomerizing mixtures of monomers having the functions MO3SC6H4C(O)-, M'O3SC6H3{C(O)O-}2, -(O)CC6H4C(O)- and -OCH2CH2O- wherein M and M' are independently selected from lithium, potassium and sodium, more preferably sodium

said mixtures having mole ratio of MO3SC6H4C(O)- to -(O)CC6H4C(O)- of from about 0.2:1 to about 1.4:1, mole ratio of MO3SC6H4C(O)- to M'O3SC6H3{C(O)O-}2 of from about 0.67:1 to about 20:1 and mole ratio of MO3SC6H4C(O)- to -OCH2CH2O- of from about 0.007:1 to about 0.51:1 and being substantially free from monomers of formula HOROH wherein R is propylene or higher alkyl.

Priority: US1994-265566 Applic. Date: 1994-06-24; US1992-905487 Applic. Date: 1992-06-25; US1990-579742 Applic. Date: 1990-09-07

Inventor: PAN ROBERT Y L [US]; GOSSELINK EUGENE P [US]; PANCHERI EUGENE J [US]; MORRALL STEPHEN W [US]


Patent No.: US5601746A  Issued: 11/Feb/1997

Title: Wet-slippage of textile material and wet lubricant therefor

Applicant/Assignee: SANDOZ LTD

Application No.: 312025   Filing Date: 26/Sep/1994

Abstract:

Aqueous dispersions (D) of a wax (W) dispersed in the aqueous phase by means of a dispersant (B), wherein in (D) the wax (W) is (A) an oxidized hydrocarbon wax or a mixture of oxidized hydrocarbon waxes or a mixture or (A) and at least one non-oxidized hydrocarbon wax (P), the acid number of which is>/=5, and the dispersant (B) is a non-ionogenic, anionic, cationic or amphoteric surfactant or a mixture of two or more of these surfactants, which displays an HLB>/=7, and the dispersion (D) optionally contains at least one protective colloid (C), at least one agent (E) for pH-adjustment, at least one antifreeze agent (F) and/or at least one preserving agent (D), but is substantially free of other waxes than (A) and (P) and of other surfactants than (B) and (C), are eminently suitable as wet lubricants that are very stable to temperature modifications and to high electrolyte concentrations, especially as occurring in pretreatment and in dyeing of cellulosic substrates.

Priority: DE19934332963 Applic. Date: 1993-09-28

Inventor: DANNER BERNARD [FR]; PALACIN FRANCIS [FR]


Patent No.: US5604197A  Issued: 18/Feb/1997

Title: Softening through the wash compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 583012   Filing Date: 19/Jan/1996

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US94/07069 Sec. 371 Date Jan. 19, 1996 Sec. 102(e) Date Jan. 19, 1996 PCT Filed Jun. 22, 1994 PCT Pub. No. WO95/03387 PCT Pub. Date Feb. 2, 1995The invention comprises a dye transfer inhibiting fabric softening composition comprising a) 0.0001% to 10% by weight of poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide) having a ratio of amine to amine N-oxide of from about 2:3 to about 1:1,000,000

and b) 0.5% to 30% by weight of a fabric softening clay.

Priority: EP19930870150 Applic. Date: 1993-07-22; WO1994US07069 Applic. Date: 1994-06-22

Inventor: BUSCH ALFRED [BE]; CONVENTS ANDRE C [BE]


Patent No.: US5607618A  Issued: 04/Mar/1997

Title: Use of a water-soluble copolymers based on acrylamidoalkylenesulfonic acid as a detergent additive

Applicant/Assignee: HOECHST AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 109229   Filing Date: 19/Aug/1993

Abstract:

The present invention relates to the the use of water-soluble copolymers based on acrylamidoalkylenesulfonic acid, vinylacetamide and, if appropriate, other monomers, comprising 5-90% by weight of structural units of the formula (I) in which R1 is hydrogen or methyl, R2 is C2-C10-alkylene, preferably C2-C6-alkylene, particularly preferably C4-alkylene, and Me is ammonium or an alkali metal ion, 5-95% by weight of structural units of the formula (II) in which R3 and R4 independently of one another are hydrogen, methyl or ethyl, or R3 and R4 together are a propylene group which, including a radical form a pyrrolidone radical, 0-90% by weight of structural units of the formula (III) in which X is a halogen, preferably chloride, R5 and R6 independently of one another are C1-C6-alkyl, prefrably C1-C3-alkyl, in particular methyl or ethyl, and 0-90% by weight of structural units of the formula -CHR7-CHR8-in which R7 is hydrogen or methyl and R8 is CONH2, CON(CH3)2, cyano, SO3H, SO3Me, C6H4SO3H, C6H4SO3Me, CH2SO3H, CH2SO3Mr, COOH, COOMe or an ester group COOR, in which R is C1-C15-alkyl, preferably C1-C8-alkyl, as a detergent additive for preventing reabsorption of detached dyestuffs and dyestuff degradation products.

Priority: DE19924227912 Applic. Date: 1992-08-22

Inventor: ANTWERPEN WERNER [DE]; HILLE MARTIN [DE]; REINHARDT GERD [DE]


Patent No.: US5635462A  Issued: 03/Jun/1997

Title: Antimicrobial cleansing compositions

Applicant/Assignee: GOJO INDUSTRIES, INC

Application No.: 550278   Filing Date: 30/Oct/1995

Abstract:

A cleansing composition includes a substituted phenol such as para-chloro-meta-xylenol, and at least one primary surfactant selected from the group consisting of amine oxides, phospholipids, partially neutralized carboxylic acids and diacids, betaines, ethoxylated methyglucosides, and mixtures thereof. The composition is devoid of conventional anionic and nonionic surfactants. Other additives such as viscosifiers or thickeners, emollients, fragrances, perfumes, coloring agents, and the like may also be added. The cleansing composition has been found to exhibit improved antibacterial properties while remaining mild on the skin.

Priority: US1994-273108 Applic. Date: 1994-07-08

Inventor: FENDLER ELEANOR J [US]; WILLIAMS RONALD A [US]; COMES DEMETRIUS A [US]


Patent No.: US5643498A  Issued: 01/Jul/1997

Title: Quaternary cationic surfactants having multiple hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups

Applicant/Assignee: RHONE-POULENC INC

Application No.: 292896   Filing Date: 19/Aug/1994

Abstract:

According to the invention, an improved class of quaternary cationic surfactants having two imidazolinium groups have been provided comprising compounds of the formula: I The surfactants of the subject invention have two hydrophobic moieties and two hydrophilic groups per molecule and are useful as hair and fabric conditioners as well as biocidal agents.

Priority:

Inventor: LI JI [US]; DAHANAYAKE MANILAL [US]; REIERSON ROBERT LEE [US]; TRACY DAVID JAMES [US]


Patent No.: US5645608A  Issued: 08/Jul/1997

Title: Cold water wash method

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 633573   Filing Date: 17/Apr/1996

Abstract:

A cold water washing method for reducing the soil load on a textile by introducing the textile and cold water into an internal assembly within a washing machine. The method includes a first break wash wherein the textile, water, and a solvent are introduced into the washing machine to initiate soil removal. In a second break wash, a surfactant and an alkali are added to the first break wash to continue the washing cycle. The combined first and second break washes are drained from the internal assembly and the textile is rinsed with water. After draining the first rinse from the internal assembly, a second rinse including ozonated water and an acid is introduced into the internal assembly. The second rinse is drained from the internal assembly and a third rinse, which includes ozonated water, is introduced into the internal assembly to rinse the textile.

Priority: US1996-582612 Applic. Date: 1996-01-03

Inventor: COOPER THEODORE R [US]; TONEY ALLYSON T [US]; MCPARLANE JOHN B [US]


Patent No.: US5645751A  Issued: 08/Jul/1997

Title: Fabric finishing stiffening composition

Applicant/Assignee: AMWAY CORPORATION

Application No.: 379095   Filing Date: 26/Jan/1995

Abstract:

A ready-to-use fabric composition and a fabric finish concentrate composition are disclosed as well as a method of providing a stiffness to a fabric. The compositions comprise water, a water soluble polymer that casts a clear, continuous film from aqueous solution and a film-compatible silicone ironing aid/lubricant that in combination dries on clothes or textiles as a colorless and transparent, flexible film. Optionally, a preservative and, in some instances other ingredients such as fragrances and dyes may be added for aesthetic purposes.

Priority: US1993-114069 Applic. Date: 1993-09-02; US1992-950118 Applic. Date: 1992-09-23

Inventor: HALEY KALLIOPI S [US]


Patent No.: US5652206A  Issued: 29/Jul/1997

Title: Fabric softener compositions with improved environmental impact

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 605482   Filing Date: 26/Feb/1996

Abstract:

The present invention relates to liquid and solid biodegradable fabric softener compositions combined with highly enduring substantive perfume compositions. These enduring perfume compositions comprise at least about 70% of enduring perfume ingredients. These compositions provide better perfume deposition on treated fabric, and consequently are not substantially lost during the rinse and drying cycle for less impact on the environment. Also, these perfumes improve the physical stability of the softener composition.

Priority:

Inventor: BACON DENNIS RAY [US]; CHUNG ALEX HAEJOON [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]


Patent No.: US5667530A  Issued: 16/Sep/1997

Title: Frosted terry cloth and method for producing same

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 679669   Filing Date: 12/Jul/1996

Abstract:

A terry cloth article having a frosted appearance includes a plurality of naps the tips of which are bleached, and is produced by a process including the steps of impregnating granules of an absorbent material with a solution including a bleaching agent, and contacting a dyed terry cloth with the granules for a time sufficient to bleach at least a portion of the dye from the naps of the terry cloth. After residual bleaching agent remaining on the terry cloth is neutralized, the terry cloth is subsequently contacted with a solution including an effective amount of an anti-peeling agent for a time sufficient to substantially eliminate peeling. Optionally the terry cloth can subsequently be overdyed with a second dye of a different color than the color of the terry cloth.

Priority: US1994-264636 Applic. Date: 1994-06-23

Inventor: BENASRA MICHEL [US]


Patent No.: US5668094A  Issued: 16/Sep/1997

Title: Fabric softening bar compositions containing fabric softener and enduring perfume

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 605478   Filing Date: 26/Feb/1996

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a fabric softening bar composition comprising: from about 40% to about 90% by weight of the composition of a hydrophobic fabric softening compound, from about 0.1% to about 10% of an enduring perfume composition comprising at least about 70% of enduring perfume ingredients, and optionally, but preferably, from about 5% to about 30% by weight of the composition of a nonionic surfactant, and from about 5% to about 10% by weight of the composition, water. These compositions are low sudsing, low lathering, non-detersive fabric softening compositions which provide long lasting perfume effects.

Priority:

Inventor: BACON DENNIS RAY [US]; CHUNG ALEX HAEJOON [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]; MERMELSTEIN ROBERT [US]


Patent No.: US5668097A  Issued: 16/Sep/1997

Title: Uncomplexed cyclodextrin solutions for odor control on inanimate surfaces

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 596781   Filing Date: 05/Feb/1996

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a stable, aqueous odor-absorbing composition, for use on inanimate surfaces. The composition comprises from about 0.1% to about 5%, by weight of the composition, of solubilized, water-soluble, uncomplexed cyclodextrin, an effective amount of a solubilized, water-soluble, antimicrobial preservative having a water-solubility of greater than about 0.3%, optional perfume

and an aqueous carrier. The composition is essentially free of any material that would soil or stain fabric and has a pH of greater than about 3. The composition can be incorporated into a spray dispenser to create an article of commerce that can facilitate treatment of articles and/or surfaces with uncomplexed cyclodextrin solutions of a level that is effective yet is not discernible when dried on the surface.

Priority: US1994-289735 Applic. Date: 1994-08-12

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; CAPPEL JEROME PAUL [US]; GEIS PHILIP ANTHONY [US]; MCCARTY MARK LEE [US]; PILOSOF DAVID [US]; ZWERDLING SUSAN SCHMAEDECKE [US]


Patent No.: US5670466A  Issued: 23/Sep/1997

Title: Sulfonate perfumes for laundry and cleaning compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 574754   Filing Date: 20/Dec/1995

Abstract:

Sulfonates of perfume alcohols are provided. The sulfonates have the general formulas of (I), (II), or combinations thereof: (I) from the group consisting of nonionic or anionic, substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 straight, branched or cyclic alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkylaryl or aryl group

Y is a radical that, upon hydrolysis of said sulfonate, forms an alcohol with a boiling point at 760 mm Hg of less than about 300 DEG C. which are perfumes. The sulfonates are employed as perfume components in laundry and cleaning compositions such as fabric softening compositions.

Priority:

Inventor: SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]


Patent No.: US5670472A  Issued: 23/Sep/1997

Title: Biodegradable ester diquaternary compounds and compositions containing them

Applicant/Assignee: WITCO CORPORATION

Application No.: 450473   Filing Date: 26/May/1995

Abstract:

Disclosed are compounds of the formula (I) (I) useful as fabric softening compounds which exhibit enhanced biodegradability.Disclosed are compounds of the formula (I) (I) useful as fabric softening compounds which exhibit enhanced biodegradability.

Priority: US1994-230319 Applic. Date: 1994-04-19

Inventor: KEYS ROBERT O [US]


Patent No.: US5683610A  Issued: 04/Nov/1997

Title: Mixed surfactant system as a durable fabric coating

Applicant/Assignee: KIMBERLY-CLARK CORPORATION

Application No.: 398326   Filing Date: 03/Mar/1995

Abstract:

A composition for increasing the resistance to removal by an aqueous liquid of surfactants from a polymeric fabric including fibers having a plurality of fiber-fiber interstices at junctions of two or more fibers. The composition includes water, a first surfactant, and a second surfactant which is structurally dissimilar to and less soluble in water than the first surfactant. One of the first and second surfactants has a solubility in water at 20 DEG C. no greater than about 5 percent by weight, based on the weight of the water. In certain embodiments, the first and second surfactants are adapted to preferentially locate in the fiber-fiber interstices and resist removal therefrom by aqueous liquid. The preferential location of the surfactants in the fiber-fiber interstices of the fabric is accomplished by working the fabric after application of the composition to the fabric. The resulting fabric is wettable and demonstrates increased resistance to removal of surfactants by an aqueous liquid, compared to similar fabrics which have not been worked. The wettable fabrics are especially suited for incorporation in such disposable absorbent articles as diapers, feminine care products, such as sanitary napkins and tampons, incontinent care products, training pants, wipes, and the like.

Priority: US1993-174734 Applic. Date: 1993-12-29

Inventor: NOHR RONALD SINCLAIR [US]; MACDONALD JOHN GAVIN [US]


Patent No.: US5688758A  Issued: 18/Nov/1997

Title: Textile treatment

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION

Application No.: 662091   Filing Date: 12/Jun/1996

Abstract:

There is provided a stable, concentrated fabric rinse composition comprising 0.3 to 10, preferably 0.3 to 3% by weight of a fluorescent whitening agent which is compatible with a fabric care ingredient, preferably a cationic, amphoteric or anionic fluorescent whitening agent, based on the total weight of the composition, and optionally a fabric care ingredient, preferably a fabric softener, a stain release or stain repellant ingredient or a water-proofing agent, the remainder being substantially water. The fabric rinse composition is preferably a fabric softener composition comprising 5 to 25, preferably 10 to 20% by weight of a cationic fabric softening agent and 0.3 to 10, preferably 0.3 to 3% by weight of a cationic, amphoteric or anionic fluorescent whitening agent, each based on the total weight of the composition, the remainder being substantially water. The present invention also provides method for the treatment of a textile article, comprising applying, to the previously washed article, the said fabric rinse composition, preferably the rinse cycle fabric softener composition, whereby the sun protection factor, and other properties such as the tear Strength and lighffastness of articles so treated can be significantly increased.

Priority: GB19940013270 Applic. Date: 1994-07-01; US1995-471043 Applic. Date: 1995-06-06

Inventor: REINEHR DIETER [DE]; ECKHARDT CLAUDE [FR]


Patent No.: US5695687A  Issued: 09/Dec/1997

Title: Anhydrous fluorescent whitening agent formulation

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION

Application No.: 641863   Filing Date: 02/May/1996

Abstract:

The present invention provides an anhydrous fluorescent whitening agent formulation comprising: a) 5 to 60, preferably 15 to 45% by weight of a fluorescent whitening agent or a mixture thereof

b) 0 to 10, preferably 0 to 2% by weight of a stabiliser or a mixture thereof

c) 0 to 10, preferably 0.5 to 2% by weight of a dispersant or a mixture thereof

d) 0 to 10, preferably 0.5 to 2% by weight of an auxiliary or a mixture thereof

and e) an anhydrous dispersion medium or a mixture thereof to make up 100% by weight, each based on the total weight of the formulation. The formulation is useful for the preparation of detergents.

Priority: GB19950009291 Applic. Date: 1995-05-06

Inventor: ZELGER JOSEF [CH]; SCHROEDER SERGE [FR]


Patent No.: US5700386A  Issued: 23/Dec/1997

Title: Process for making soil release polymer granules

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 694133   Filing Date: 08/Aug/1996

Abstract:

The subject invention involves processes for making granular compositions comprising soil release polymers, the polymers comprising at least about 10% of substantially linear esters having a backbone

the esters being uncapped or end-capped on one or both ends of the backbone

the esters comprising in their backbones oxyalkyleneoxy units and hydrophobic aryldicarbonyl units

the esters having a molecular weight of from about 500 to about 20,000

the polymers if in solid state having the tendency when exposed to moisture to spontaneously rearrange from an amorphous form which is readily soluble in water to a crystalline form which is relatively insoluble in water

the process comprising the following steps: a) taking the soil release polymers, in which are dispersed from 0% to about 25% alkylaryl or alkyl sulfonate crystallization-reducing stabilizers, in molten state at a temperature of at least about 180 DEG C., and rapidly dissolving the molten polymers in water, forming an aqueous polymer solution having a polymer concentration of up to about 50%, the average temperature of the solution being maintained below about 50 DEG C.

b) dispersing a nonionic surfactant in the molten polymers or in the water prior to step a), the surfactant being an alkylethoxy alcohol nonionic surfactant which is a condensation product of alkylalcohol and ethylene oxide, the alkyl portion being linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, having from about 8 to about 22 carbon atoms, there being on average of from about 10 to about 100 moles ethoxy per mole surfactant, the nonionic surfactant being from about 2% to about 20% of the aqueous polymer solution, on a dry weight basis

and c) drying the aqueous polymer solution of b), thereby producing a granular composition having a water content of less than about 3%. The subject invention also involves soil release polymer granules comprising such polymers and nonionic surfactant and, optionally, stabilizers.

Priority:

Inventor: CHAPMAN BENJAMIN EDGAR [US]; CREEDON MICHAEL TIMOTHY [US]


Patent No.: US5703030A  Issued: 30/Dec/1997

Title: Bleach compositions comprising cobalt catalysts

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 736647   Filing Date: 25/Oct/1996

Abstract:

Bleach compositions comprising certain carboxylate-containing cobalt catalysts are provided. More specifically, the invention relates to automatic dishwashing detergents and laundry compositions which provide enhanced cleaning/bleaching benefits (especially tea stain removal) through the selection of cobalt catalysts having the formula:[Co(NH3)5M]Tywherein cobalt is in the +3 oxidation state

and M is a substituted and unsubstituted C1-C30 carboxylate-containing ligand having the formula RC(O)O-.

Priority: US1995-508197 Applic. Date: 1995-07-27; US1995-491238 Applic. Date: 1995-06-16

Inventor: PERKINS CHRISTOPHER MARK [US]; SCHEPER WILLIAM MICHAEL [US]


Patent No.: US5703034A  Issued: 30/Dec/1997

Title: Bleach catalyst particles

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 550269   Filing Date: 30/Oct/1995

Abstract:

The present invention relates to bleach catalyst-containing composite particles suitable for incorporation into granular detergent compositions, said composite particles comprising: (a) from about 1% to about 60% of bleach catalyst (preferably a cobalt catalyst)

and (b) from about 40% to about 99% of carrier material that melts within the range of from about 38 DEG C. to about 77 DEG C. (preferably selected from the group consisting of polyethylene glycols, paraffin waxes, and mixtures thereof), and to processes for making these particles. These particles are particularly useful components of detergent compositions, such as laundry detergent compositions, hard surface cleaners, and especially automatic dishwashing detergent compositions.

Priority:

Inventor: OFFSHACK EDWARD ROBERT [US]; PAINTER JEFFREY DONALD [US]; AQUINO MELISSA DEE [US]


Patent No.: US5705474A  Issued: 06/Jan/1998

Title: Rinse added fabric softener compositions containing sunscreens for sun-fade protection for fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 596778   Filing Date: 05/Feb/1996

Abstract:

The present invention relates to fabric care compositions to reduce the fading of fabrics from sunlight, comprising

(A) from about 1% to about 25% by weight of the composition, of a non-fabric staining, light stable sunscreen compound preferably containing at least one C8-C22 hydrocarbon fatty organic moiety

(B) from 3% to about 50% by weight of a fabric softening compound

and (C) from about 25% to about 95% by weight of a carrier material

wherein the sunscreen compound absorbs light at a wavelength of from about 290 nm to about 450 nm

wherein the sunscreen compound is a solid material having a melting point of from about 25 DEG C. to about 90 DEG C. or a viscous liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

Priority: US1994-280692 Applic. Date: 1994-07-26

Inventor: SEVERNS JOHN CORT [US]; SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]; BAKER ELLEN SCHMIDT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]


Patent No.: US5705475A  Issued: 06/Jan/1998

Title: Non-formaldehyde durable press finishing for cellulosic textiles with phosphonoalkylpolycarboxylic

Applicant/Assignee: PPG INDUSTRIES, INC

Application No.: 586048   Filing Date: 16/Jan/1996

Abstract:

A composition and method for providing a non-formaldehyde durable press finish to cellulosic fabrics by employing phosphonoalkylpolycarboxylic acids are disclosed. The phosphonoalkylpolycarboxylic acid is optimally used in combination with another polycarboxylic acid, such as polyacrylic acid, and/or, for cost effectiveness, a low-cost polycarboxylic acid such as citric acid. The catalyst for the curing reaction is optimally a phosphorus-containing acid or alkali metal salt thereof, such as a mixture of sodium monophosphate and sodium hypophosphite.

Priority: US1994-247943 Applic. Date: 1994-05-24; US1994-192931 Applic. Date: 1994-02-07; US1992-993576 Applic. Date: 1992-12-21

Inventor: TANG ROBERT H [US]; WILLIAMS JR WILLIAM A [US]


Patent No.: US5710116A  Issued: 20/Jan/1998

Title: Color-safe bleach boosters, compositions and laundry methods employing same

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 697748   Filing Date: 29/Aug/1996

Abstract:

Bleach boosters comprising zwitterionic imines and anionic imine polyions having a net negative charge are disclosed. The bleach boosters increase bleaching effectiveness in lower temperature solutions and demonstrate superior color safety profiles. The bleach boosters are ideally suited for inclusion into bleaching compositions including those with detersive surfactants and enzymes. Also provided is a laundry additive product including zwitterionic imines and anionic imine polyions with a net negative charge as bleach boosters. A method for laundering a fabric employing the bleach boosters of the present invention is also disclosed.

Priority: US1995-526623 Applic. Date: 1995-09-11

Inventor: MIRACLE GREGORY SCOT [US]; BURNS MICHAEL EUGENE [US]; KELLETT PATTI JEAN [US]; BURCKETT-ST LAURENT JAMES CHAR [US]


Patent No.: US5712238A  Issued: 27/Jan/1998

Title: Multipurpose cleaning agent

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 691707   Filing Date: 02/Aug/1996

Abstract:

A multipurpose cleaning agent containing 6.5-8% sodium alkyl sulfate, 2.7-4% fatty acid coconut diethanolamide, 0.38-0.42% citric acid, 0.38-0.42% ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid, 0.42-0.48% sodium citrate, 2.88-3.2% water, 1.88-2.5% sodium polyoxyethylene alkyl ether sulfate, 0.5-1% sodium carboxy methyl cellulose, 0.2-0.4% sodium percarbonate, 2-5% sodium tripoly phosphate, 40.38-35.89% low density sodium carbonate, 40.38-35.89% Na2SO4.H2O, 0.4-0.8%, savinase 40T, and 1-2% celluzyme 0.7T.

Priority:

Inventor: CHAN WU HSIUNG [TW]


Patent No.: US5713962A  Issued: 03/Feb/1998

Title: Process for the bleaching of fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 557018   Filing Date: 20/Feb/1996

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US94/05817 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 20, 1996 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 20, 1996 PCT Filed May 24, 1994 PCT Pub. No. WO94/29509 PCT Pub. Date Dec. 22, 1994A process of bleaching fabrics is disclosed where a liquid or pasty composition comprising acetyl triethyl citrate and a source of hydrogen peroxide is applied to fabrics before they are immersed in an aqueous wash liquor.

Priority: EP19930870102 Applic. Date: 1993-06-09; WO1994US05817 Applic. Date: 1994-05-24

Inventor: SCIALLA STEFANO [IT]; SCOCCIANTI RAFFAELE [IT]; SODDU ANDREA [BE]; WILLEY ALAN DAVID [US]


Patent No.: US5716918A  Issued: 10/Feb/1998

Title: Sulfonate perfumes for dryer-activated fabric conditioning and antistatic compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 883178   Filing Date: 26/Jun/1997

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions comprising: (A) fabric softening compounds

and (B) sulfonate and/or sulfonates having the formula (I), (Ia), or combinations thereof. (I) (Ia) wherein R and Z are independently selected from the group consisting of nonionic or anionic, substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 straight, branched or cyclic alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkylaryl or aryl group

Y is a radical that, upon hydrolysis of said sulfonate, forms an alcohol with a boiling point at 760 mm Hg of less than about 300 DEG C. which are perfumes.

Priority: US1995-574753 Applic. Date: 1995-12-20

Inventor: SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]


Patent No.: US5721202A  Issued: 24/Feb/1998

Title: Perfumes for laundry and cleaning composition

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 552909   Filing Date: 03/Nov/1995

Abstract:

Esters of perfume alcohols having at least one free carboxylate group are provided. The esters have the general formula: wherein R is selected from the group consisting of substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 straight, branched or cyclic alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkylaryl or aryl group

R' is a perfume alcohol with a boiling point at 760 mm Hg of less than about 300 DEG C.

and m and n are independently an integer of 1 or greater. The esters are employed as perfume components in laundry and cleaning compositions such as fabric softening compositions.

Priority:

Inventor: WAITE SCOTT WILLIAM [US]; SEVERNS JOHN CORT [US]; SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]


Patent No.: US5723064A  Issued: 03/Mar/1998

Title: Composition for bleaching textiles

Applicant/Assignee: SURRY CHEMICALS, INC

Application No.: 829825   Filing Date: 25/Mar/1997

Abstract:

A silicate-free liquid composition for use in bleaching cellulosic compositions, including cotton and cotton blended fabrics, comprised of hydrogen peroxide, potassium hydroxide, and optionally, a stabilizer which may be a magnesium salt formed from a mixture of magnesium oxide and citric acid.

Priority: US1995-552507 Applic. Date: 1995-11-09; US1994-334453 Applic. Date: 1994-11-04; US1993-067515 Applic. Date: 1993-05-24

Inventor: SHEPPARD SHERMAN H [US]


Patent No.: US5723428A  Issued: 03/Mar/1998

Title: Detergent compositions and process for preparing them

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 643086   Filing Date: 02/May/1996

Abstract:

Particulate high bulk density non-spray-dried detergent compositions containing organic non-soap surfactant, zeolite builder and fatty acid soap as powder structurant, prepared by non-tower mixing and granulation processes involving in-situ neutralization of fatty acid to soap with aqueous sodium hydroxide, can suffer from localized particle yellowing on storage when perfume and/or fluorescer are present, due to the presence of areas of high alkalinity. Yellowing is reduced without loss of powder structuring if a defined, less than stoichiometric amount of sodium hydroxide is used for the fatty acid neutralization. Surprisingly, in bleaching powders improved bleach stability is also observed. The resulting powder can be defined in terms of a low "basic sodium" content.

Priority: GB19930024129 Applic. Date: 1993-11-24; US1994-340911 Applic. Date: 1994-11-17

Inventor: BOSKAMP JELLES VINCENT [NL]; BUNDY TIMOTHY RICHARD [NL]; CORUZZI MARILENA [IT]; FARNWORTH PAULINE [GB]; HOUGHTON MARK PHILLIP [NL]; JOYEUX CHRISTOPHE [NL]; KNIGHT PETER CORY [GB]; NADDEO LEANDRE [IT]; SANDERSON ALISTAIR RICHARD [GB]


Patent No.: US5723435A  Issued: 03/Mar/1998

Title: Rinse added fabric softener compositions containing antioxidants for sun-fade protection fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 596787   Filing Date: 05/Feb/1996

Abstract:

The present invention relates to fabric care compositions to reduce the fading of fabrics from sunlight, comprising: (A) from about 1% to about 25% by weight of the composition of a non-fabric staining, light stable antioxidant compound, preferably containing at least one C8-C22 hydrocarbon fatty organic moiety

(B) from 3% to about 50% by weight of the composition of a fabric softening compound

(C) from about 25% to about 95% by weight of the composition of a carrier material

and (D) optionally, from about 0% to about 20% by weight of the composition of a non-fabric staining, light stable sunscreen compound, preferably containing at least one C8-C22 hydrocarbon fatty organic moiety

wherein the antioxidant compound is a solid material having a melting point of less than about 80 DEG C. or is a liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

wherein the sunscreen compound absorbs light at a wavelength of from about 290 nm to about 450 nm

and wherein the sunscreen compound is a solid material having a melting point of from about 25 DEG C. to about 90 DEG C. or a viscous liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

Priority: US1994-280689 Applic. Date: 1994-07-26

Inventor: SEVERNS JOHN CORT [US]; SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]; BAKER ELLEN SCHMIDT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]


Patent No.: US5726143A  Issued: 10/Mar/1998

Title: Anti-static device

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 742648   Filing Date: 01/Nov/1996

Abstract:

The present invention relates to an article for improving anti-static protection of clothing dried in a clothes dryer. The article includes a substrate, a layer comprising a first quaternary ammonium anti-static agent that has a first melting point. The layer comprising the first quaternary ammonium anti-static agent is adhered to the substrate. The article also includes a layer comprising a second quaternary ammonium anti-static agent that is adhered to the first quaternary ammonium anti-static agent. The layer comprising the second quaternary ammonium anti-static agent has a melting point lower than the first melting point. The present invention also includes a method for making the article.

Priority:

Inventor: PETRAIA TERESA M [US]; PURVIS PAUL R [US]; AHLBORN WILLIAM T [US]


Patent No.: US5730760A  Issued: 24/Mar/1998

Title: Fabric washing composition and method for inhibiting deposition of dye

Applicant/Assignee: ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY

Application No.: 676551   Filing Date: 09/Jul/1996

Abstract:

The present invention provides a fabric washing composition and aqueous treatment solution for inhibiting dye from transferring from one fabric to the same or different fabric in a fabric washing process. The fabric washing composition and aqueous treatment solution contain at least one dye deposition inhibiting polymer. The dye deposition inhibiting polymer contains, as polymerized units, from 5 to 100 weight percent of at least one vinyl amide monomer and from 0 to 95 weight percent of one or more vinyl ester monomers. The present invention also provides a method for inhibiting the deposition of dye by adding at least one of dye deposition inhibiting polymer useful in the present invention to a fabric washing process where dye may be released.

Priority: US19950001056P Applic. Date: 1995-07-11

Inventor: KIRK THOMAS CLEVELAND [US]; SCHWARTZ CURTIS [US]; TALLENT RICHARD JAMES [US]; PYTLEWSKI THOMAS LAWRENCE [US]


Patent No.: US5733341A  Issued: 31/Mar/1998

Title: Inhibition of dye migration in a wash liquor

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION

Application No.: 572417   Filing Date: 14/Dec/1995

Abstract:

A process is described for inhibiting the re-absorption of migrating dyes in the wash liquor, comprising introducing into a wash liquor containing a peroxide-containing detergent, from 0.5 to 150, preferably from 1.5 to 75, especially from 7.5 to 40 mg, per liter of wash liquor, of one or more compounds having the formula (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13) or (14) as defined in the specification. The compounds of formula (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (8), (9) (10), (11), (12), (13) or (14) are new compounds. The compounds used do not exhaust at all on to cotton, polyamide or polyester fibers, so that the compounds cannot lead to fiber discoloration problems.

Priority: GB19940025296 Applic. Date: 1994-12-15

Inventor: ECKHARDT CLAUDE [FR]; REINEHR DIETER [DE]; METZGER GEORGES [FR]


Patent No.: US5733858A  Issued: 31/Mar/1998

Title: Succinic acid derivative degradable chelants, uses and compositions thererof

Applicant/Assignee: THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY

Application No.: 705551   Filing Date: 29/Aug/1996

Abstract:

Solutions comprising at least one polyamino disuccinic acid and one or more polyamino monosuccinic acids are useful in gas conditioning (preferably as the iron chelate). The copper chelates are also useful in electroless copper plating. Another aspect of the invention includes the use of the aminosuccinic acid mixtures in laundry detergent compositions.

Priority: US19950003042P Applic. Date: 1995-08-30

Inventor: WILSON DAVID A [US]; CRUMP DRUCE K [US]


Patent No.: US5744064A  Issued: 28/Apr/1998

Title: Ketone-based surfactant and method for treating industrial, commerical, and institutional waste-water

Applicant/Assignee: UNION CARBIDE CHEMICALS & PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

Application No.: 439953   Filing Date: 12/May/1995

Abstract:

A nonionic surfactant having cyclic 1,3-dioxane and/or 1,3-dioxolane functionality which is irreversibly splittable by lowering the pH of its aqueous solution is useful in various processes requiring the removal of emulsified hydrophobic contaminants or other hydrophobic materials from an aqueous stream. After splitting of the surfactant into its component ketone and polyol, the hydrophobic components phase-separate and can be removed from the aqueous stream by routine means.

Priority:

Inventor: GALANTE DENISE CHRISTINE [US]; HOY RICHARD CHARLES [US]; JOSEPH ALBERT FERRIS [US]; KING STEPHEN WAYNE [US]; SMITH CHARLES ARNOLD [US]; WIZDA CHERYL MARIE [US]


Patent No.: US5744065A  Issued: 28/Apr/1998

Title: Aldehyde-based surfactant and method for treating industrial, commercial, and institutional waste-water

Applicant/Assignee: UNION CARBIDE CHEMICALS & PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

Application No.: 439964   Filing Date: 12/May/1995

Abstract:

A nonionic surfactant having cyclic 1,3-dioxane and/or 1,3-dioxolane functionality which is irreversibly splittable by lowering the pH of its aqueous solution is useful in various processes requiring the removal of emulsified hydrophobic contaminants or other hydrophobic materials from an aqueous stream. After splitting of the surfactant into its component aldehyde and polyol, the hydrophobic components phase-separate and can be removed from the aqueous stream by routine means.

Priority:

Inventor: GALANTE DENISE CHRISTINE [US]; HOY RICHARD CHARLES [US]; JOSEPH ALBERT FERRIS [US]; KING STEPHEN WAYNE [US]; SMITH CHARLES ARNOLD [US]; WIZDA CHERYL MARIE [US]


Patent No.: US5749923A  Issued: 12/May/1998

Title: Method for bleaching denim textile material

Applicant/Assignee: DEGUSSA AKTIENGELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 651785   Filing Date: 24/May/1996

Abstract:

A method for chlorine-free bleaching of denim textile material composed of warp yarn which is dyed with at least one of (a) indigo dye and at least one sulfur dye, and (b) at least one derivative of indigo dye and at least one sulfur dye, and weft yarn which is undyed and substantially white and which continues to be substantially white after bleaching to provide a denim textile material having a stylish gray cast. The method includes placing denim textile material in water and heating

adding to the water a dispersing agent which is effective to retard deposition of dyestuff stripped from the warp yarn during bleaching onto the weft yarn and which is comprised of polyvinylpyrrolidone

and bleaching the denim textile material by adding to the water an aqueous alkaline bleaching agent which contains a bleaching agent which is selective for the indigo dye or the derivative of indigo dye of the warp yarn and which is selected from the group consisting of formamidine sulfinic acid, and a mixture of formamidine sulfinic acid and at least one reducing carbohydrate, wherein the least one sulfur dye includes a sulfur black dye, and wherein the method provides denim textile material having a stylish gray cast.

Priority: AT19930002378 Applic. Date: 1993-11-23; US1994-347146 Applic. Date: 1994-11-22; US19950004961P Applic. Date: 1995-10-06

Inventor: OLIP VINZENZ [AT]; STEINER NORBERT [US]


Patent No.: US5750492A  Issued: 12/May/1998

Title: Surfactants based on quaternary ammonium compounds preparation processes softening bases and compositions derived

Applicant/Assignee: STEPAN EUROPE

Application No.: 872357   Filing Date: 10/Jun/1997

Abstract:

Cationic surfactant compound comprising, in the form of a quaternary ammonium salt, a product of condensation between, on the one hand a fraction of saturated or unsaturated fatty acids, or of derivatives of said acids chosen from the group comprising esters, anhydrides and acid chlorides, and on the other hand at least one tertiary amine, characterized in that, in combination: the alkyl chains of the tertiary amine together contain from 4 to 12 carbon atoms the alkyl chains of the tertiary amine together contain from 1 to 4 functions each chosen from the group comprising hydroxyl and amine functions the fatty acids fraction/tertiary amine mole ratio is between 1.85 and 1.40 the fatty acids each possess a hydrocarbon chain in which the number of carbon atoms is between 5 and 23.

Priority: FR19910016479 Applic. Date: 1991-12-31; FR19920003199 Applic. Date: 1992-03-12; FR19920009067 Applic. Date: 1992-07-17; US1995-447219 Applic. Date: 1995-05-22; US1992-998566 Applic. Date: 1992-12-30

Inventor: CONTET JEAN-PIERRE [FR]; DUPRAT STEPHANE COURDAVAULT [FR]; STORET YVAN [FR]; VINDRET JEAN-FRANCOIS [FR]


Patent No.: US5755991A  Issued: 26/May/1998

Title: N-acyl oxaziridines as bleach agents

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 832082   Filing Date: 03/Apr/1997

Abstract:

Novel bleaches, a method for bleaching substrates using these materials and bleaching compositions containing same are reported. The bleaches are N-acyloxaziridines. Substrates such as fabrics may be bleached in an aqueous solution containing the N-acyloxaziridines.\!

Priority:

Inventor: GHATLIA NARESH DHIRAJLAL [US]


Patent No.: US5759208A  Issued: 02/Jun/1998

Title: Laundry detergent compositions containing silicone emulsions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 610093   Filing Date: 29/Feb/1996

Abstract:

Heavy duty liquid or granular detergent compositions containing emulsions of silicone and selected emulsifying surfactants are disclosed. The silicone emulsions preferably have an average particle size of from about 20 to about 300 microns and provide exceptional cleaning and softening benefits.

Priority:

Inventor: ZHEN YUEQIAN [US]; STRICKLAND WILBUR CECIL [US]


Patent No.: US5759441A  Issued: 02/Jun/1998

Title: Halogen scavengers

Applicant/Assignee: S. T. CHEMICAL CO., LTD

Application No.: 589322   Filing Date: 22/Jan/1996

Abstract:

A halogen scavenger contains as an effective ingredient an aromatic compound which has a resonance-effect-relying electron donating group as a substituent. The aromatic compound is constituted, for example, by an aromatic ring such as a substituted or unsubstituted benzene, naphthalene, anthracene and pyridine ring, and at least one group (a resonance-effect-relying electron donating group) which contains a lone-pair-containing hetero atom, such as an oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen atom, adjacent to the aromatic ring.

Priority: JP19910160901 Applic. Date: 1991-06-06; JP19920089291 Applic. Date: 1992-03-16; US1994-251634 Applic. Date: 1994-05-31; US1992-894611 Applic. Date: 1992-06-05

Inventor: TOKUOKA YOSHIKAZU [JP]; SHIBATANI HARUO [JP]


Patent No.: US5759990A  Issued: 02/Jun/1998

Title: Concentrated fabric softening composition with good freeze/thaw recovery and highly unsaturated fabric softener compound therefor

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 735369   Filing Date: 21/Oct/1996

Abstract:

Biodegradable fabric softener compounds that contain ester linkages a substantial level of polyunsaturation in the hydrophobic chains. The compounds can be used to form fabric softening compositions that are aqueous dispersions of the compounds or clear compositions. These compositions have a desirable low viscosity and recover, after freezing and thawing to have a stable low viscosity.

Priority:

Inventor: WAHL ERROL HOFFMAN [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; CARR EUGENE ROBERT [US]; KEYS ROBERT OTIS [US]; MEYER LAURA MARIE [US]


Patent No.: US5762648A  Issued: 09/Jun/1998

Title: Fabric treatment in venting bag

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 785441   Filing Date: 17/Jan/1997

Abstract:

The present invention encompasses, in a process which comprises the steps of laundering or otherwise moistening fabrics using an aqueous medium, thereby securing damp fabrics and, thereafter, subjecting said damp fabrics to a drying process in a mechanical apparatus, the improvement which comprises: conducting said drying process by placing said damp fabrics in a vapor venting containment bag and drying said fabrics, thereafter removing said fabrics from said bag, whereby fabric shrinkage and wrinkling are minimized. The process herein is especially useful when the fabrics are cotton.

Priority:

Inventor: YEAZELL BRUCE ALBERT [US]


Patent No.: US5763382A  Issued: 09/Jun/1998

Title: Cold water wash formula

Applicant/Assignee: CYCLO3PSS TEXTILE SYSTEMS, INC

Application No.: 582612   Filing Date: 03/Jan/1996

Abstract:

A cold water washing formula and a method of reducing the soil load on a textile by introducing the textile and cold water into an internal assembly within a washing machine. The method includes a first break wash wherein the textile, water, and a solvent are introduced into the washing machine to initiate soil removal. In a second break wash, a surfactant and an alkali are added to the first break wash to continue the washing cycle. The combined first and second break washes are drained from the internal assembly and the textile is rinsed with water. After draining the first rinse from the internal assembly, a second rinse including ozonated water and an acid is introduced into the internal assembly. The second rinse is drained from the internal assembly and a third rinse, which includes ozonated water, is introduced into the internal assembly to rinse the textile. The invention also includes a cold water washing formula which includes ozonated water, a non-ionic surfactant, a solvent, and a sufficient amount of an acid to maintain the cold water washing formula to a pH below 13.

Priority:

Inventor: COOPER THEODORE R [US]; TONEY ALLYSON T [US]; MCPARLANE JOHN B [US]


Patent No.: US5767062A  Issued: 16/Jun/1998

Title: Fabric softening compositions with dye transfer inhibitors for improved fabric appearance

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 873487   Filing Date: 12/Jun/1997

Abstract:

The present invention relates to compositions and processes which incorporate water-soluble polymers, other than enzymes, containing =N-C(=O)- (including PVP) and/or N-oxide groups into the wash, rinse, and/or drying cycle of a laundering process (e.g., via fabric softening compositions) for dye transfer inhibition in the subsequent wash cycle. Multiple wash cycles optimize the dye transfer inhibitor performance of these polymers, remove unwanted dye discoloration caused by dye transfer, and provide soil antiredeposition benefits.

Priority: US1994-209694 Applic. Date: 1994-03-10; US1992-976781 Applic. Date: 1992-11-16

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; SUNG STEPHANIE LIN-LIN [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]; WENDLAND PAUL ARTHUR [US]


Patent No.: US5770557A  Issued: 23/Jun/1998

Title: Fabric softener composition containing poly(oxyalkylene)-substituted colorant

Applicant/Assignee: MILLIKEN RESEARCH CORPORATION

Application No.: 816680   Filing Date: 13/Mar/1997

Abstract:

A fabric softener composition comprising: a) from 3 to 50% by weight of fabric softener, or mixtures thereof

b) a liquid carrier including water, the pH of the composition being less than 7, and c) from 1 ppm to 5000 ppm of a poly(oxyalkylene)-substituted colorant which is a liquid in its undiluted state having the structure ABXYZ, where B is a reactive dye moiety wherein A is an organic chromophore

B is an electrophilic reactive group covalently bonded to A directly or through a linking group

X is a nucleophilic linking group covalently bonding B and Y, selected from the group conisting of NR, O, S, and 4-oxyanilino (-HN-Ph-O-)

where R is selected from the group consisting of H, alkyl, aryl, and YZ

Y is a poly(oxyalkylene)-containing moiety

and Z is a terminal group for Y.

Priority:

Inventor: BRUHNKE JOHN D [US]


Patent No.: US5770558A  Issued: 23/Jun/1998

Title: Process for making soil release polymer granules

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 918917   Filing Date: 27/Aug/1997

Abstract:

The subject invention involves processes for making granular compositions comprising soil release polymers, the polymers comprising at least about 10% of substantially linear esters having a backbone

the esters being uncapped or end-capped on one or both ends of the backbone

the esters comprising in their backbones oxyalkyleneoxy units and hydrophobic aryldicarbonyl units

the esters having a molecular weight of from about 500 to about 20,000

the polymers if in solid state having the tendency when exposed to moisture to spontaneously rearrange from an amorphous form which is readily soluble in water to a crystalline form which is relatively insoluble in water

the process comprising the following steps: a) taking the soil release polymers, in which are dispersed from 0% to about 25% alkylaryl or alkyl sulfonate crystallization-reducing stabilizers, in molten state at a temperature of at least about 180 DEG C., and rapidly dissolving the molten polymers in water, forming an aqueous polymer solution having a polymer concentration of up to about 50%, the average temperature of the solution being maintained below about 50 DEG C.

b) dispersing a nonionic surfactant in the molten polymers or in the water prior to step a), the surfactant being an alkylethoxy alcohol nonionic surfactant which is a condensation product of alkylalcohol and ethylene oxide, the alkyl portion being linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, having from about 8 to about 22 carbon atoms, there being on average of from about 10 to about 100 moles ethoxy per mole surfactant, the nonionic surfactant being from about 2% to about 20% of the aqueous polymer solution, on a dry weight basis

and c) drylng the aqueous polymer solution of b), thereby producing a granular composition having a water content of less than about 3%. The subject invention also involves soil release polymer granules comprising such polymers and nonionic surfactant and, optionally, stabilizers.

Priority: US1996-694133 Applic. Date: 1996-08-08

Inventor: CHAPMAN BENJAMIN EDGAR [US]; CREEDON MICHAEL TIMOTHY [US]


Patent No.: US5773401A  Issued: 30/Jun/1998

Title: Detergent composition containing polycarboxylate agent having specifically defined parameters

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 750445   Filing Date: 28/Feb/1997

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/06812 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 28, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 28, 1997 PCT Filed May 30, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO95/33815 PCT Pub. Date Dec. 14, 1995Laundry detergent compositions comprise at least 10% detergent surfactant or at least 10% detergent builder system. The detergent builder system comprises a copolymer of maleic acid and acrylic acid having a molecular weight of from 5,000 to 15,000 and a mole ratio of acrylic units to maleic units of from about 3:7 to 7:3. The copolymer has an Index Ratio (IR) of not less than 110, wherein IR=Binding Index (BI)xDispersing Index (DI)100.

Priority: AU1994PM06108 Applic. Date: 1994-06-03; WO1995US06812 Applic. Date: 1995-05-30

Inventor: MURATA SUSUMU [JP]; KITKO DAVID JOHNATHAN [US]; SHIGEMATSU TOSHIKO [JP]


Patent No.: US5773408A  Issued: 30/Jun/1998

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning compositions containing uncomplexed cyclodextrin

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 840527   Filing Date: 22/Apr/1997

Abstract:

An effective amount of uncomplexed cyclodextrin, in the form of particles having particle sizes below about 12 microns, is incorporated into solid dryer-activated fabric conditioning compositions which are used in dryers to treat fabrics. The cyclodextrin is thereby attached to the fabrics and subsequently provides effective control of odors when they come in contact with the treated fabric. The fabric conditioning compositions can be attached to substrates to prepare an article of manufacture or be in the form of detergent compatible particles, for use with conventional laundry detergents.

Priority: US1996-590711 Applic. Date: 1996-01-24; US1994-278703 Applic. Date: 1994-07-21; US1993-040703 Applic. Date: 1993-03-31

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]


Patent No.: US5776878A  Issued: 07/Jul/1998

Title: Liquid detergent compositions containing brighteners and polymers for preventing fabric spotting

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 669522   Filing Date: 10/Jul/1996

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/00396 Sec. 371 Date Jul. 10, 1996 Sec. 102(e) Date Jul. 10, 1996 PCT Filed Jan. 11, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO95/19419 PCT Pub. Date Jul. 20, 1995Compositions for reducing brightener spotting comprise a polymer selected from the group consisting of polyamine N-oxide containing polymers, N-vinylimidazole N-vinylpyrrolidone copolymers and mixtures thereof, a stilbene brightener, and from 5% to 7% hydrogen peroxide, wherein the weight ratio of the polymer to the brightener is from 1:20 to 20:1 and the pH of the composition is from 2 to 6.

Priority: EP19940300227 Applic. Date: 1994-01-13; WO1995US00396 Applic. Date: 1995-01-11

Inventor: THOEN CHRISTIAAN ARTHUR J K [GB]


Patent No.: US5783544A  Issued: 21/Jul/1998

Title: Composition for reducing malodor impression on inanimate surfaces

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 834611   Filing Date: 14/Apr/1997

Abstract:

The present invention relates to an aqueous composition for reducing malodor impression. The composition comprises from about 0.01% to about 1%, by weight of the composition, of perfume wherein the perfume preferably comprises ingredients having a Clog P of 3 or smaller. Optionally, but preferably, the composition comprises from about 0.1% to about 5%, by weight of the composition of, water-soluble cyclodextrin, from about 0.1% to about 10%, by weight of the composition, of water-soluble metallic salt, from about 0% to about 3%, by weight of the composition, of solubilizing aid. The composition is essentially free of any material that would soil or stain fabric and contains less than about 5%, by weight of the composition of low molecular weight monohydric alcohols.

Priority: US1995-543350 Applic. Date: 1995-10-16; US1994-289991 Applic. Date: 1994-08-12

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; CAPPEL JEROME PAUL [US]; GEIS PHILIP ANTHONY [US]; HOLLINGSHEAD JUDITH ANN [US]; MCCARTY MARK LEE [US]; ZWERDLING SUSAN SCHMAEDECKE [US]


Patent No.: US5783552A  Issued: 21/Jul/1998

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning compositions containing uncomplexed cyclodextrin

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 851758   Filing Date: 06/May/1997

Abstract:

An effective amount of uncomplexed cyclodextrin, in the form of particles having particle sizes below about 12 microns, is incorporated into solid dryer-activated fabric conditioning compositions which are used in dryers to treat fabrics. The cyclodextrin is thereby attached to the fabrics and subsequently provides effective control of odors when they come in contact with the treated fabric. The fabric conditioning compositions can be attached to substrates to prepare an article of manufacture or be in the form of detergent compatible particles, for use with conventional laundry detergents.

Priority: US1996-590711 Applic. Date: 1996-01-24; US1994-278703 Applic. Date: 1994-07-21; US1993-040703 Applic. Date: 1993-03-31

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]


Patent No.: US5786316A  Issued: 28/Jul/1998

Title: Cleaning compositions comprising xylanases

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 817711   Filing Date: 16/Apr/1997

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/12490 Sec. 371 Date Apr. 16, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Apr. 16, 1997 PCT Filed Sep. 29, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO96/13568 PCT Pub. Date May 9, 1996The invention concerns compositions comprising xylanolytic activity. Specfically, the invention relates to detergent compositions havin xylanase activity. Specific compositions show an excellent boost on cleaning performanc on fruit, vegetables and/or mud and clay compounds containing said soil.

Priority: EP19940870169 Applic. Date: 1994-10-27; WO1995US12490 Applic. Date: 1995-09-29

Inventor: BAECK ANDRE CESAR [BE]; BUSCH ALFRED [BE]; VERSCHUERE ANN KATRIEN MARIE A [BE]


Patent No.: US5789367A  Issued: 04/Aug/1998

Title: Detergent compositions containing soil release polymers

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 755511   Filing Date: 22/Nov/1996

Abstract:

A laundry detergent composition contains organic surfactant, zeolite MAP builder, and a soil release polymer which is a defined water-soluble or water-dispersible sulphonated non-end-capped polyester, for example, of terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, sulphoisophthalic acid and ethylene glycol.

Priority: GB19950024488 Applic. Date: 1995-11-30

Inventor: BLOKZIJL WILFRIED [NL]; CREETH ANDREW MARTIN [GB]; GREEN ANDREW DAVID [GB]; HULL MICHAEL [GB]


Patent No.: US5789368A  Issued: 04/Aug/1998

Title: Fabric care bag

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 785440   Filing Date: 17/Jan/1997

Abstract:

A fabric cleaning/refreshment process is conducted in a hot air clothes dryer using a vapor-releasing containment bag. The bag is constructed using heat resistant polymers, such as nylon, to avoid unanticipated hot spots in the dryer. The bag retains its integrity and can be re-used in subsequent dry cleaning operations. Vapor is vented from the bag during use, thereby minimizing wrinkling in the clothes being cleaned and removing malodors therefrom.

Priority: US19960010664P Applic. Date: 1996-01-26; US19960023051P Applic. Date: 1996-08-02

Inventor: YOU JING-FENG [US]; SASLOW JULIUS [US]; WISE RODNEY MAHLON [US]; ROGERS STEVEN BARRETT [US]; GREENE CATHY LYNNE [US]


Patent No.: US5792738A  Issued: 11/Aug/1998

Title: Granular laundry detergent compositions containing stabilised percarbonate bleach particles

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 581576   Filing Date: 16/Jan/1996

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US94/07825 Sec. 371 Date Jan. 16, 1996 Sec. 102(e) Date Jan. 16, 1996 PCT Filed Jul. 13, 1994 PCT Pub. No. WO95/02670 PCT Pub. Date Jan. 26, 1995There is provided a granular, silicate-built, phosphate free laundry detergent composition comprising fine alkali metal percarbonate particles having mean particle diameter below 450 mu m, preferably below 400 mu m, wherein no more than 20%, preferably no more than 10%, of the particles have a diameter above 710 mu m, said particles having a coating comprising one or more soluble inorganic salts. The salts may be selected from alkali or alkaline earth metal carbonates, sulphates, chlorides and nitrates. The coated percarbonate particles have improved stability to storage and are capable of dissolving quickly in wash liquor.

Priority: EP19930870146 Applic. Date: 1993-07-14; WO1994US07825 Applic. Date: 1994-07-13

Inventor: BAILLELY GERARD MARCEL [GB]; DOVEY ANTHONY [GB]; SORRIE GRAHAM ALEXANDER [GB]; YORK DAVID WILLIAM [GB]


Patent No.: US5795855A  Issued: 18/Aug/1998

Title: Enhancement of laccase reactions

Applicant/Assignee: NOVO NORDISK A/S

Application No.: 569101   Filing Date: 21/Dec/1995

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/DK94/00210 Sec. 371 Date Dec. 21, 1995 Sec. 102(e) Date Dec. 21, 1995 PCT Filed May 31, 1994 PCT Pub. No. WO95/01426 PCT Pub. Date Jan. 12, 1995This invention relates to methods of oxidizing a substrate in the presence of a laccase or a laccase related enzyme and an enhancing agent. More specifically, the invention relates to a method of bleaching of dye in solutions, to a method of inhibiting the transfer of a textile dye from a dyed fabric to another fabric when said fabrics are washed together in a wash liquor, to a method of bleaching of lignin-containing material, in particular bleaching of pulp for paper production, to a method of treatment of waste water from pulp manufacturing, and to a method of enzymatic polymerization and/or modification of lignin or lignin containing material.

Priority: DK19930000773 Applic. Date: 1993-06-29; WO1994DK00210 Applic. Date: 1994-05-31

Inventor: SCHNEIDER PALLE [DK]; PEDERSEN ANDERS HJELHOLT [DK]


Patent No.: US5804543A  Issued: 08/Sep/1998

Title: Detergent compositions with optimized surfactant systems to provide dye transfer inhibition benefits

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 684515   Filing Date: 19/Jul/1996

Abstract:

Disclosed are detergent compositions and methods which are suitable for washing colored fabrics in aqueous washing solution with little or no transfer of dye between fabrics. The compositions utilized comprise certain nil-LAS detersive surfactants, detergent builder and certain selected polymeric dye transfer inhibiting agents. The detersive surfactants used must comprise alkyl ether sulfates and certain types of nonionic surfactants (polyhydroxy fatty acid amides and/or alcohol ethoxylates). The polymeric dye transfer inhibiting agents are polyamine N-oxides such as poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide), i.e., PVNO and/or copolymers of N-vinylpyrrolidone and N-vinylimidazole, i.e., PVPVI.

Priority: US1994-320350 Applic. Date: 1994-10-11

Inventor: WERTZ WILLIAM C [US]; PANANDIKER RAJAN K [US]


Patent No.: US5817614A  Issued: 06/Oct/1998

Title: Color-safe bleach boosters, compositions and laundry methods employing same

Applicant/Assignee: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 697743   Filing Date: 29/Aug/1996

Abstract:

Bleach boosters comprising quaternary imine zwitterions are disclosed. The bleach boosters increase bleaching effectiveness in lower temperature solutions and demonstrate superior color safety profiles. The bleach boosters are ideally suited for inclusion into bleaching compositions including those with detersive surfactants and enzymes. Also provided is a laundry additive product including quaternary imine zwitterions. A method for laundering a fabric employing the bleach boosters of the present invention is also disclosed.

Priority:

Inventor: MIRACLE GREGORY SCOT [US]; DYKSTRA ROBERT RICHARD [US]


Patent No.: US5830835A  Issued: 03/Nov/1998

Title: Dryer-activated fabric conditioning and antistatic compositions with improved perfume longevity

Applicant/Assignee: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 674224   Filing Date: 28/Jun/1996

Abstract:

The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions comprising: (A) fabric softening compounds

(B) a non-allylic perfume alcohol ester

and (C) optionally, (1) a carboxylic acid salt of a tertiary amine and/or a tertiary amine ester

and (2) a nonionic softener

wherein, preferably, the Iodine Value of the total number of fatty acyl groups present in (A), (C)(1), and (C)(2) is from about 3 to about 60. These compositions exhibit good antistatic properties as well as improved delivery from a substrate.

Priority: US1995-499158 Applic. Date: 1995-07-07

Inventor: SEVERNS JOHN CORT [US]; SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]; DENUTTE HUGO ROBERT GERMAIN [BE]; COSTA JILL BONHAM [US]; CHUNG ALEX HAEJOON [US]; ORTIZ RAFAEL [US]


Patent No.: US5830845A  Issued: 03/Nov/1998

Title: Concentrated fabric softening composition with good freeze/thaw recovery and highly unsaturated fabric softener compound therefor

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 620515   Filing Date: 22/Mar/1996

Abstract:

Biodegradable fabric softener compounds that contain ester linkages a substantial level of polyunsaturation in the hydrophobic chains. The compounds can be used to form fabric softening compositions that are aqueous dispersions of the compounds. These compositions have a desirable low viscosity and recover, after freezing and thawing to have a stable low viscosity.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; HARVEY GEORGE JOSEPH [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]; WAHL ERROL HOFFMAN [US]


Patent No.: US5834414A  Issued: 10/Nov/1998

Title: Detergent composition having improved chlorine stability characteristics, novel chlorine containing product format and method of making chlorine stable composition

Applicant/Assignee: ECOLAB INC

Application No.: 733272   Filing Date: 17/Oct/1996

Abstract:

A novel detergent composition and product form provides for substantial chlorine stability in detergents having substantial organic surfactant concentration. The product format ensures that water contained in the formulation, contact between sensitive organic materials and the chlorine source are structurally isolated preventing undesirable chlorine surfactant interactions and instability. Particulate detergents can be packaged in any arbitrary packaging component that can maintain a dry flowable powder.

Priority:

Inventor: SOWLE EDDIE D [US]; BOWLING DARRYL C [US]


Patent No.: US5837666A  Issued: 17/Nov/1998

Title: Detergent compositions comprising methyl cellulose ether

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 765851   Filing Date: 16/Dec/1996

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/07785 Sec. 371 Date Dec. 16, 1996 Sec. 102(e) Date Dec. 16, 1996 PCT Filed Jun. 19, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO96/00770 PCT Pub. Date Jan. 11, 1996Detergent compositions comprise from 0.05 to 2 percent by weight of methyl cellulose ether having a solution viscosity measured at a temperature of 20 DEG C. as a 2 wt % aqueous solution of from 80 to 120 centipoise and an average degree of methyl substitution per anhydroglucose of from about 1.6 to about 2.3, from 25 to 65 percent by weight of detergent surfactant, from 0 to 20 percent by weight of bleaching component, and from 30 to 70 percent by weight of builder and alkaline material. The compositions may be used in a method of washing polyester fabric in cold water.

Priority: JP19940148881 Applic. Date: 1994-06-30; WO1995US07785 Applic. Date: 1995-06-19

Inventor: MURATA SUSUMU [JP]; KITKO DAVID JOHNATHAN [JP]; SHIMAMURA KIYOMI [JP]; CLAUSS ALLEN DAVID [JP]


Patent No.: US5843192A  Issued: 01/Dec/1998

Title: Washing composition and use of polymer to clean and provide soil resistance to an article

Applicant/Assignee: ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY

Application No.: 676553   Filing Date: 09/Jul/1996

Abstract:

The present invention provides a composition useful in a washing process containing at least one vinyl amide polymer. The vinyl amide polymer contains from 5 to 100 weight percent of at least one vinyl amide monomer, and from 0 to 95 weight percent of one or more vinyl ester monomers. The present invention also provides a method of cleaning an article and a method of providing soil resistance to an article using the vinyl amide polymer.

Priority: US19950001034P Applic. Date: 1995-07-11

Inventor: KIRK THOMAS CLEVELAND [US]; SCHWARTZ CURTIS [US]; TALLENT RICHARD JAMES [US]; PYTLEWSKI THOMAS LAWRENCE [US]


Patent No.: US5849684A  Issued: 15/Dec/1998

Title: Detergent additives comprising dye transfer inhibitors, and process for making them

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 727558   Filing Date: 15/Oct/1996

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/04210 Sec. 371 Date Oct. 15, 1996 Sec. 102(e) Date Oct. 15, 1996 PCT Filed Apr. 3, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO95/28462 PCT Pub. Date Oct. 26, 1995Free-flowing powder detergent additives particularly useful as agglomerates to be added during the manufacture of detergents suitable for washing colored fabric and which contain certain detergent builders, dye transfer inhibiting polymers and optionally a detersive surfactant. Also disclosed are methods for preparing a premix of specific hygroscopic dye transfer inhibitors for use in a spray-drying powder formation process. The compositions utilized for such premixes include a powder builder such as zeolite and the dye transfer inhibition polymers polyamine N-oxide, and copolymers of N-vinylpyrrolidone and N-vinylimidazole.

Priority: EP19940302676 Applic. Date: 1994-04-14; WO1995US04210 Applic. Date: 1995-04-03

Inventor: DONOGHUE SCOTT JOHN [BE]; SCHAMP KOEN MARIETTE ALBERT [BE]


Patent No.: US5851235A  Issued: 22/Dec/1998

Title: Detergent composition comprising an amylase enzyme and a nonionic polysaccharide ether

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 875012   Filing Date: 16/Jul/1997

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US96/01646 Sec. 371 Date Jul. 16, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Jul. 16, 1997 PCT Filed Feb. 6, 1996 PCT Pub. No. WO96/25478 PCT Pub. Date Aug. 22, 1996The present invention relates to a detergent composition comprising an amylase enzyme in combination with a nonionic polysaccharide ether for improved stain removal performance.

Priority: GB19950002914 Applic. Date: 1995-02-15; WO1996US01646 Applic. Date: 1996-02-06

Inventor: BAILLELY GERARD MARCEL [GB]; GUEDIRA NOUR-EDDINE [GB]; HALL ROBIN GIBSON [GB]


Patent No.: US5851272A  Issued: 22/Dec/1998

Title: Non-oil organic spray wax compositions

Applicant/Assignee: VITECH INTERNATIONAL, INC

Application No.: 799145   Filing Date: 14/Feb/1997

Abstract:

Automobile spray wax compositions incorporating an aromatic compound having at least one of two linear C8-C20 alkyl substituents, and a preferred embodiment thereof including a compound identified and characterized by a CAS registry number of 68988-79-4.

Priority:

Inventor: VICENZI STEPHEN J [US]


Patent No.: US5851420A  Issued: 22/Dec/1998

Title: Process for manufacturing granular sodium percarbonate

Applicant/Assignee: ORIENTAL CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES

Application No.: 609635   Filing Date: 01/Mar/1996

Abstract:

This invention relates to a process of manufacturing granular sodium percarbonate and more particularly, to a process of a stable granular sodium percarbonate detergent composition having an excellent solution velocity when added to water, comprising the following steps: hydrogen peroxide solution is directly sprayed to unpurified anhydrous sodium carbonate to produce granular sodium percarbonate followed by the addition of a stabilizer having a new composition in a reactor or fluidized bed dryer, then recycling sodium percarbonate particles which are of nonuniform particle size back into the process for continuous manufacturing.

Priority: DE19961008000 Applic. Date: 1996-03-04; GB19960004359 Applic. Date: 1996-02-29; SE19960000830 Applic. Date: 1996-03-04

Inventor: KIM SANG RYUL [KR]; KWAG CHONG YUN [KR]; HEO HWAN KEE [KR]; LEE JONG-PILL [KR]


Patent No.: US5851434A  Issued: 22/Dec/1998

Title: Ketone-based surfactant and method for treating industrial, commercial, and institutional waste-water

Applicant/Assignee: UNION CARBIDE CHEMICALS & PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

Application No.: 978920   Filing Date: 26/Nov/1997

Abstract:

A nonionic surfactant having cyclic 1,3-dioxane and/or 1,3-dioxolane functionality which is irreversibly splittable by lowering the pH of its aqueous solution is useful in various processes requiring the removal of emulsified hydrophobic contaminants or other hydrophobic materials from an aqueous stream. After splitting of the surfactant into its component ketone and polyol, the hydrophobic components phase-separate and can be removed from the aqueous stream by routine means.

Priority: US1995-439953 Applic. Date: 1995-05-12

Inventor: GALANTE DENISE CHRISTINE [US]; HOY RICHARD CHARLES [US]; JOSEPH ALBERT FERRIS [US]; KING STEPHEN WAYNE [US]; SMITH CHARLES ARNOLD [US]; WIZDA CHERYL MARIE [US]


Patent No.: US5853430A  Issued: 29/Dec/1998

Title: Method for predissolving detergent compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 922776   Filing Date: 03/Sep/1997

Abstract:

The present invention is directed to a method for predissolving a detergent composition having the steps of providing a hand-held container

and combining a detergent composition and a solvent in the container to form a concentrated detergent solution. The concentrated detergent solution preferably has a surface tension value of from about 10 to about 50 dyne/cm.

Priority:

Inventor: SHINDO KENJI [JP]; MURAMATSU AYAKO [JP]; MURATA SUSUMU [JP]; SAKKAB NABIL YAQUB [US]; COLEMAN JR HARRY LEROY [US]


Patent No.: US5854200A  Issued: 29/Dec/1998

Title: Rinse added fabric softener compositions containing antioxidants for sun-fade protection for fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 27884   Filing Date: 20/Feb/1998

Abstract:

The present invention relates to fabric care compositions to reduce the fading of fabrics from sunlight, comprising: (A) from about 1% to about 25% by weight of the composition of a non-fabric staining, light stable antioxidant compound, preferably containing at least one C8-C22 hydrocarbon fatty organic moiety

(B) from 3% to about 50% by weight of the composition of a fabric softening compound

(C) from about 25% to about 95% by weight of the composition of a carrier material

and (D) optionally, from about 0% to about 20% by weight of the composition of a non-fabric staining, light stable sunscreen compound, preferably containing at least one C8-C22 hydrocarbon fatty organic moiety

wherein the antioxidant compound is a solid material having a melting point of less than about 80 DEG C. or is a liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

wherein the sunscreen compound absorbs light at a wavelength of from about 290 nm to about 450 nm

and wherein the sunscreen compound is a solid material having a melting point of from about 25 DEG C. to about 90 DEG C. or a viscous liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

Priority: US1996-596787 Applic. Date: 1996-02-05; US1994-280689 Applic. Date: 1994-07-26

Inventor: SEVERNS JOHN CORT [US]; SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]; BAKER ELLEN SCHMIDT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]


Patent No.: US5858948A  Issued: 12/Jan/1999

Title: Liquid laundry detergent compositions comprising cotton soil release polymers and protease enzymes

Applicant/Assignee: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 841448   Filing Date: 22/Apr/1997

Abstract:

Liquid laundry detergent compositions comprising water soluble and/or dispersible, modified polyamines having functionalized backbone moieties which provide cotton soil release benefits (optionally in combination with non-cotton soil release agents) and protease enzymes.

Priority: US19960017059P Applic. Date: 1996-05-03

Inventor: GHOSH CHANCHAL KUMAR [US]; MANOHAR SANJEEV KRISHNADAS [US]; GOSSELINK EUGENE PAUL [US]; WATSON RANDALL ALAN [US]


Patent No.: US5858960A  Issued: 12/Jan/1999

Title: Fabric softening composition

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 702401   Filing Date: 14/Aug/1996

Abstract:

A fabric softening composition comprising a compound of formula I in which R1, R2 and R3 are independently selected from C1-C4 alkyl groups or C2-C4 alkenyl groups, a is from 1 to 4, x- is a compatible anion and R4 and R5 are independently selected from C12-C22 alkyl or alkenyl groups, the sum of the chain lengths or R4 and R5 preferably being at least 30.A fabric softening composition comprising a compound of formula I in which R1, R2 and R3 are independently selected from C1-C4 alkyl groups or C2-C4 alkenyl groups, a is from 1 to 4, x- is a compatible anion and R4 and R5 are independently selected from C12-C22 alkyl or alkenyl groups, the sum of the chain lengths or R4 and R5 preferably being at least 30.

Priority: GB19950017432 Applic. Date: 1995-08-25

Inventor: CONROY JAMES PATRICK [GB]; HALES STEPHEN GRAHAM [GB]; KHAN-LODHI ABID NADIM [GB]


Patent No.: US5861370A  Issued: 19/Jan/1999

Title: Concentrated, stable, premix for forming fabric softening composition

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 620782   Filing Date: 22/Mar/1996

Abstract:

Biodegradable fabric softener premix compositions are described containing (1) biodegradable softener actives that contain substantial unsaturation and (2) perfume. The premixes can be added at ambient temperatures to water containing acid, to provide a pH of from about 1.5 to about 5, to form finished compositions. The water can also contain calcium and/or magnesium salt to modify the viscosity.

Priority:

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; HARVEY GEORGE JOSEPH [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]; DEMEYERE HUGO JEAN MARIE [BE]; DECLERCQ MARC JOHAN [BE]; WAHL ERROL HOFFMAN [US]


Patent No.: US5869442A  Issued: 09/Feb/1999

Title: Fabric softening compositions with dye transfer inhibitors for improved fabric appearance

Applicant/Assignee: ISP INVESTMENTS INC

Application No.: 105630   Filing Date: 26/Jun/1998

Abstract:

A fabric softening composition capable of reducing the transfer of dyes during subsequent wash cycles comprising: I. an effective amount of fabric softening agent

and II. an effective amount of water-soluble polymeric dye transfer inhibitor which is a poly(vinylpyridine betaine containing a quaternary nitrogen and a carboxylate salt having dye transfer inhibitor properties having the formula: where m defines a repeating unit

X is an anion

R and R2 are independently hydrogen, alkyl or aryl

n is 1-5

and M is a cation

and copolymers thereof.

Priority: US1997-932448 Applic. Date: 1997-09-19

Inventor: SRINIVAS BALA [US]; SHIH JENN S [US]; HORNBY JOHN C [US]


Patent No.: US5872149A  Issued: 16/Feb/1999

Title: Alk(en)yldicarboxylic acid bisesters, their use, and processes for their preparation

Applicant/Assignee: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 894155   Filing Date: 15/Aug/1997

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP96/00657 Sec. 371 Date Aug. 15, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Aug. 15, 1997 PCT Filed Feb. 15, 1996 PCT Pub. No. WO96/25384 PCT Pub. Date Aug. 22, 1996The present invention relates to monomeric, oligomeric and polymeric bisesters of alkyl- or alkenyldicarboxylic acid derivatives and polyalcohols, and their use as solubilizers, emulsifiers and/or detergents. In particular, the bisesters are advantageously used in cosmetic compositions, detergents and cleaners, pharmaceutical compositions, foodstuffs and crop protection compositions. The invention furthermore relates to a process for preparing these bisesters.

Priority: DE19951005100 Applic. Date: 1995-02-15; WO1996EP00657 Applic. Date: 1996-02-15

Inventor: DRALLE-VOSS GABRIELE [DE]; OETTER GUENTER [DE]; WEKEL HANS-ULRICH [DE]; OPPENLAENDER KNUT [DE]


Patent No.: US5877145A  Issued: 02/Mar/1999

Title: Concentrated fabric softening composition with good freeze/thaw recovery and highly unsaturated fabric softener compound therefor

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 13607   Filing Date: 26/Jan/1998

Abstract:

Biodegradable fabric softener compounds that contain ester linkages a substantial level of polyunsaturation in the hydrophobic chains. The compounds can be used to form fabric softening compositions that are aqueous dispersions of the compounds or clear compositions. These compositions have a desirable low viscosity and recover, after freezing and thawing to have a stable low viscosity.

Priority: US1996-735369 Applic. Date: 1996-10-21; US1996-684366 Applic. Date: 1996-07-19; US1996-620775 Applic. Date: 1996-03-22

Inventor: WAHL ERROL HOFFMAN [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; CARR EUGENE ROBERT [US]; KEYS ROBERT OTIS [US]; MEYER LAURA MARIE [US]; DEMEYERE HUGO JEAN MARIE [BE]; DUVAL DEAN LARRY [JP]; OKAMOTO MITSUYO [JP]


Patent No.: US5879409A  Issued: 09/Mar/1999

Title: Bleach additive and bleaching compositions having glycine anhydride activators

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 606124   Filing Date: 23/Feb/1996

Abstract:

Bleach-additives and bleaching compositions comprising glycine anhydride activators are provided. The activators have the general formulas of: wherein R1 and R2 can be the same or different and are a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C9 alkyl or aryl residue

or where n is 0 to 50, R3 is a linear or branched alkyl, aryl, or alkaryl or arylalk with C1-C25, -H, -OH, -OR5, -COOM, or SO3M, where M is H or alkali metal or alkaline earth metal

R4 is a linear or branched alkylene, arylene, or alkylarylene or arylalkylene with C1-C25

and, R5 is a linear or branched alkyl, aryl, or alkaryl or arylalk with C1-C25. The compositions display low soil resistivity and are formulated to provide in-use pH values of from 7 to about 9.5. Additional ingredients may include detersive surfactants, emulsifiers, chelants, and nonsoap pH reducing ingredients. Both granular and liquid compositions are provided.

Priority:

Inventor: KOTT KEVIN LEE [US]; WILLEY ALAN DAVID [US]


Patent No.: US5888949A  Issued: 30/Mar/1999

Title: Composition for cleaning textile dyeing machines

Applicant/Assignee: HENKEL CORPORATION

Application No.: 781160   Filing Date: 08/Jan/1997

Abstract:

A cleaning additive containing (a) from about 8 to about 16% by weight of a nonionic sugar surfactant selected from the group consisting of alkyl glucose esters, aldobionamides, gluconamides, glyceramides, glyceroglycolipids, polyhydroxy fatty acid amides, an alkyl polyglycoside of formula I:R1O(R2O)b(Z)aIwherein R1 is a monovalent organic radical having from about 6 to about 30 carbon atoms

R2 is divalent alkylene radical having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms

Z is a saccharide residue having 5 or 6 carbon atoms

b is a number having a value from 0 to about 12

a is a number having a value from 1 to about 6, and mixtures thereof

(b) from about 3 to about 7% by weight of a C8-C16 quaternary ammonium salt

and (c) remainder water, all weights being based on the weight of the additive.

Priority: US19960013048P Applic. Date: 1996-03-08

Inventor: COLE HOWARD [US]; FRANCOIS BRIAN [US]


Patent No.: US5908821A  Issued: 01/Jun/1999

Title: Dye transfer inhibiting compositions with specifically selected metallo catalysts

Applicant/Assignee: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 737542   Filing Date: 11/Nov/1996

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/05035 Sec. 371 Date Nov. 11, 1996 Sec. 102(e) Date Nov. 11, 1996 PCT Filed Apr. 25, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO95/31526 PCT Pub. Date Nov. 23, 1995The present invention relates to compositions for inhibiting dye transfer between fabrics during washing. The compositions are specifically selected metallo catalysts

namely, porphyrins and phthalocyanines. Detergent compositions containing such porphyrins and/or phthalocyanines are also disclosed.

Priority: EP19940870078 Applic. Date: 1994-05-11; WO1995US05035 Applic. Date: 1995-04-25

Inventor: LABEQUE REGINE [BE]; JOHNSTON JAMES PYOTT [BE]


Patent No.: US5914305A  Issued: 22/Jun/1999

Title: Peroxynitrite based bleaching systems

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 959862   Filing Date: 29/Oct/1997

Abstract:

Bleaching compositions and a method are reported using peroxynitrite for bleaching as an active substance. Stains and soil can be removed from fabrics, household hard surfaces, dentures and other substrates.

Priority:

Inventor: MADISON STEPHEN ALAN [US]; MCCALLUM JEREMY ELLIOT BONGARD [US]; ROJAS WAHL ROY UWE [US]


Patent No.: US5919697A  Issued: 06/Jul/1999

Title: Color clarification methods

Applicant/Assignee: NOVO NORDISK A/S, NOVO NORDISK BIOCHEM NORTH AMERICA, INC

Application No.: 733481   Filing Date: 18/Oct/1996

Abstract:

The invention is directed to agents used in the retention of color values on fabrics formed from cellulose fibers (color clarification agents) and to a method for treatment of such fabrics. The method comprises treating a colored fabric with a cellulase and a polymer selected from the group consisting of a polyalkylene oxide graft polymer, a polyamino acid polymer, and a carboxylated polysaccharide polymer in an amount effective to preserve the color of the fabric after at least one wash cycle.

Priority:

Inventor: SALMON SONJA I [US]; MISHRA ANITA R [US]; NIELSEN JACK B [DK]


Patent No.: US5922663A  Issued: 13/Jul/1999

Title: Enhancement of soil release with gemini surfactants

Applicant/Assignee: RHODIA INC

Application No.: 726437   Filing Date: 04/Oct/1996

Abstract:

A composition comprising a conventional surfactant, a gemini surfactant and a polymeric soil release agent. The conventional surfactant comprises a hydrophilic group and a hydrophobic group. The gemini surfactant comprises two surfactant moieties attached to each other by a spacer moiety

each surfactant moiety having at least one hydrophilic group and at least one hydrophobic group. The polymeric soil release agent can be any conventional polymeric soil release agent, but preferably comprising PET-POET copolymer. The compositions are useful as surfactant additive packages, detergents and fabric softeners.

Priority:

Inventor: GABRIEL ROBERT [US]; GABRIEL GLADYS SALIBA [US]; EINZIGER MARK DAVID [US]


Patent No.: US5925181A  Issued: 20/Jul/1999

Title: pH-sensitive modified cellulose ester

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 819932   Filing Date: 18/Mar/1997

Abstract:

Cellulose esters according to formula (I): [(C6H7O2)(OR)x(OR')y(OH)3-x-y]n(I)are described, where R is hydrophobic, R' is hydrophilic and not phthalyl or trimellityl, which may be designed, by the proper selection of R, R', x, y, and n, to dissolve under mild to alkaline conditions, and not before. A coating comprising a modified ester according to formula (I) may be used for controlled-release applications, particularly for a cleaning formulation.

Priority: US19960015013P Applic. Date: 1996-04-08

Inventor: COOK PHILLIP MICHAEL [US]; LAMBERT JUANELLE LITTLE [US]


Patent No.: US5929011A  Issued: 27/Jul/1999

Title: Solid cast chlorinated cleaning composition

Applicant/Assignee: SUNBURST CHEMICALS, INC

Application No.: 961322   Filing Date: 30/Oct/1997

Abstract:

A solid cast detergent product containing an active chlorine source is disclosed. Methods of of manufacture and of use are also disclosed for the solid cast detergent product containing an active chlorine source.

Priority: US19960030098P Applic. Date: 1996-10-30

Inventor: SCEPANSKI WILLIAM H [US]


Patent No.: US5932253A  Issued: 03/Aug/1999

Title: Fabric softening compositions with dye transfer inhibitors for improved fabric appearance

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 873787   Filing Date: 12/Jun/1997

Abstract:

The present invention relates to compositions and processes which incorporate water-soluble polymers, other than enzymes, containing =N-C(=O)- (including PVP) and/or N-oxide groups into the wash, rinse, and/or drying cycle of a laundering process (e.g., via fabric softening compositions) for dye transfer inhibition in the subsequent wash cycle. Multiple wash cycles optimize the dye transfer inhibitor performance of these polymers, remove unwanted dye discoloration caused by dye transfer, and provide soil antiredeposition benefits.

Priority: US1994-209694 Applic. Date: 1994-03-10; US1992-976781 Applic. Date: 1992-11-16

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; SUNG STEPHANIE LIN-LIN [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]; WENDLAND PAUL ARTHUR [US]


Patent No.: US5939379A  Issued: 17/Aug/1999

Title: Triazine derivatives and their use

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION

Application No.: 867110   Filing Date: 02/Jun/1997

Abstract:

The present invention relates to new compounds which are useful as ultraviolet absorbing agents (UVAs) and as fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), and to a method of improving the sun protection factor (SPF) of textile fibre material, especially cotton, polyamide and wool, treated with the new compounds.

Priority: GB19960017322 Applic. Date: 1996-08-17

Inventor: ECKHARDT CLAUDE [FR]; REINEHR DIETER [DE]; METZGER GEORGES [FR]; SAUTER HANSPETER [DE]


Patent No.: US5948153A  Issued: 07/Sep/1999

Title: Water-soluble complexes of optical brighteners and quaternary ammonium compounds which are substantially free from unwanted salts

Applicant/Assignee: MILLIKEN & COMPANY

Application No.: 65619   Filing Date: 24/Apr/1998

Abstract:

This invention relates to water-soluble complexes of optical brighteners with quaternary ammonium compounds which are substantially free from unwanted salts. Such complexes are formed through ionic bonds formed between the two compounds. The inventive complexes are then removed of substantially all excess unwanted salt so as to obtain an optical brightener compound which easily solubilizes within, dispenses from, and exhibits excellent compatibility with standard detergent and softener compositions, which exhibits the desired degree of affinity for various substrate surfaces, including textile, paper, wood, and plastics, as well as within leak detector formulations, and which provides a desired accumulation effect on substrate surfaces upon repeated treatments. Such inventive complexes can also be utilized to whiten thermoplastics and thermosets. Furthermore, this invention also concerns methods of making and utilizing such inventive optical brightening complexes.

Priority:

Inventor: ANN QINGHONG JESSICA [US]; ZHAO XIAODONG EDWARD [US]; SPRY JAMES MICHAEL [US]


Patent No.: US5962389A  Issued: 05/Oct/1999

Title: Detergent having improved color retention properties

Applicant/Assignee: THE DIAL CORPORATION

Application No.: 616731   Filing Date: 15/Mar/1996

Abstract:

A carbonate-based detergent having improved properties is provided. Preferably, a base detergent includes an alkali metal carbonate builder, an anionic surfactant, an inert diluent, a copolymer, and a chlorine scavenger. The base detergent may be mixed with an agglomerate including nonionic surfactants and a builder such as an alkali metal carbonate. The detergent has improved color retention properties. A method of preparing the improved detergent composition is also provided.

Priority: US1995-544434 Applic. Date: 1995-11-17

Inventor: PARTEE TERRELL L [US]; VARKER CHARLES [US]; MORSE ELAINE T [US]; MORGAN RONALD D [US]


Patent No.: US5962402A  Issued: 05/Oct/1999

Title: Dryer-added fabric treatment article of manufacture containing antioxidant and sunscreen compounds for sun fade protection of fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 160973   Filing Date: 25/Sep/1998

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a dryer-added fabric treatment article of manufacturing to reduce the fading of fabrics from sunlight comprising: I. a composition comprising: A. from about 5% to about 75%, by weight of the composition, of a sun-fade protection active selected from the group consisting of: i. a non-fabric staining, light stable, antioxidant compound preferably containing at least one C8-C22 hydrocarbon fatty organic moiety

ii. a non-fabric staining, light stable, sunscreen compound

and iii. mixtures thereof

B. from about 10% to about 95% by weight of the composition of a fabric conditioning compound

and II. a substrate, on which said composition is attached, which provides for release of an effective amount of said sun-fade protection active and said fabric conditioning compound onto fabrics in an automatic laundry dryer at automatic laundry dryer operating temperatures

wherein said antioxidant compound is a solid having a melting point of less than about 80 DEG C., or a liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C., and wherein said sunscreen compound absorbs light at a wavelength of from about 290 nm to about 450 nm and is a solid compound having a melting point of from about 25 DEG C. to about 90 DEG C., or a viscous liquid at a temperature of less than about 40 DEG C.

Priority: US1997-968967 Applic. Date: 1997-11-12; US1995-570276 Applic. Date: 1995-12-11; US1994-280424 Applic. Date: 1994-07-26

Inventor: SEVERNS JOHN CORT [US]


Patent No.: US5964939A  Issued: 12/Oct/1999

Title: Dye transfer inhibiting fabric softener compositions

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 887589   Filing Date: 03/Jul/1997

Abstract:

A concentrated aqueous fabric conditioning composition which both conditions and inhibits dye transfer is described. The composition includes a fabric conditioning active and a dye transfer inhibiting compound preferably polyvinyl pyrrolidone and a colorant. Methods of preparing and using the compositions are also described.

Priority:

Inventor: FOX DANIEL JOSEPH [US]; PERGAMENT NANCY [US]; HSU FENG-LUNG [US]


Patent No.: US5965505A  Issued: 12/Oct/1999

Title: Detergents containing a heavy metal sequestrant and a delayed release peroxyacid bleach system

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 722212   Filing Date: 04/Jun/1997

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/04085 Sec. 371 Date Jun. 4, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Jun. 4, 1997 PCT Filed Apr. 3, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO95/28464 PCT Pub. Date Oct. 26, 1995There is a provided a detergent composition containing: (a) a heavy metal ion sequestrant

and (b) an organic peroxyacid bleaching system wherein a means is provided for delaying the release to a wash solution of said peroxyacid bleach relative to the release of said heavy metal ion sequestrant. Preferably said composition additionally contains (c) a water soluble builder wherein a means is provided for delaying the release to a wash solution of said peroxyacid bleach relative to the release of said water soluble builder. A pretreat wash method is also provided.

Priority: GB19940007535 Applic. Date: 1994-04-13; WO1995US04085 Applic. Date: 1995-04-03

Inventor: BAILLELY GERARD MARCEL [GB]; JEFFREY JANICE [GB]; PARK JOHN SCOTT [GB]; STODDART BARRY [GB]


Patent No.: US5965517A  Issued: 12/Oct/1999

Title: Fabric treatment composition

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO,INC

Application No.: 890431   Filing Date: 09/Jul/1997

Abstract:

A method of treating fabric comprising: i) applying a composition comprising a polycarboxylic acid or derivative thereof

and ii) curing the composition using a domestic process, is described herein. The invention also relates to compositions for use in said method.

Priority: GB19960015613 Applic. Date: 1996-07-25

Inventor: MOONEY WILLIAM [GB]


Patent No.: US5968404A  Issued: 19/Oct/1999

Title: Uncomplexed cyclodextrin compositions for odor and wrinkle control

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 67182   Filing Date: 27/Apr/1998

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a stable, aqueous odor-absorbing and wrinkle controlling composition, preferably for use on inanimate surfaces, especially fabrics. The composition comprises from about 0.1% to about 20%, by weight of the composition, of solubilized, water-soluble, uncomplexed cyclodextrin and an effective amount of at least one ingredient to improve the performance of the composition selected from the group consisting of: (1) cyclodextrin compatible surfactant

(2) cyclodextrin compatible antimicrobial active

and (3) mixtures thereof. The composition also comprises a wrinkle control agent which is fabric lubricant, shape retention polymer, hydrophilic plasticizer, lithium salt, or mixtures thereof. Hydrophilic perfume improves acceptance. Optionally, the composition can contain low molecular weight polyols

metallic salts to help control odor

a humectant, etc. The composition is essentially free of any material that would soil or stain fabric. The composition is preferably applied as small particle size droplets, especially from spray containers. The cyclodextrin/surfactant combination, either alone, or in combination with the other ingredients, provides improved antimicrobial activity.

Priority: US1997-871576 Applic. Date: 1997-06-09

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; BOLICH JR RAYMOND EDWARD [US]; TORDIL HELEN BERNARDO [US]; MERMELSTEIN ROBERT [US]; PEFFLY MARJORIE MOSSMAN [US]; WOO RICKY AH-MAN [US]; COBB DANIEL SCOTT [US]; SCHNEIDERMAN EVA [US]; WOLFF ANN MARGARET [US]; ROSENBALM ERIN LYNN [US]; WARD THOMAS EDWARD [US]; CHUNG ALEX HAEJOON [US]; BURNS ANTHONY JAMES [US]; CAMPBELL WILLIAM TUCKER [US]; STREUTKER ALEN DAVID [US]


Patent No.: US5976397A  Issued: 02/Nov/1999

Title: Photofading inhibitor derivatives and their use in fabric treatment compositions

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 938772   Filing Date: 26/Sep/1997

Abstract:

A photofading inhibitor compound comprising a singlet oxygen quenching moiety having a quenching rate of 1x106 L mol-1S-1 or faster and a cationic moiety.

Priority: GB19960020093 Applic. Date: 1996-09-26

Inventor: WILKES IAN PAUL [GB]


Patent No.: US5981456A  Issued: 09/Nov/1999

Title: Automatic dishwashing compositions containing water soluble cationic or amphoteric polymers

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 898758   Filing Date: 23/Jul/1997

Abstract:

An automatic dishwashing detergent composition is described which contains an effective amount of a defined water soluble cationic or amphoteric polymer and a phosphate or nonphosphate builder. The polymers are soluble or dispersible to at least 0.01% by weight in distilled water at 25 DEG C. A method of using the polymers to prevent fading or corrosion of dishware is also described.

Priority:

Inventor: TARTAKOVSKY ALLA [US]; CARNALI JOSEPH ORESTE [US]; GARY RICHARD GERALD [US]


Patent No.: US5981460A  Issued: 09/Nov/1999

Title: Detergent compositions comprising a cationic ester surfactant and a grease dispensing agent

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 194476   Filing Date: 30/Nov/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/08235 Sec. 371 Date Nov. 30, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Nov. 30, 1998 PCT Filed May 15, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO97/45512 PCT Pub. Date Dec. 4, 1997There is provided a detergent composition suitable for use in laundry and dish washing methods comprising (a) a cationic ester surfactant

and (b) a grease dispersing agent.

Priority: GB19960011324 Applic. Date: 1996-05-31; WO1997US08235 Applic. Date: 1997-05-15

Inventor: DODD IAN MARTIN [GB]; THOEN CHRISTIAAN ARTHUR [GB]; MOSS MICHAEL ALAN JOHN [GB]


Patent No.: US5990075A  Issued: 23/Nov/1999

Title: Method of removing grease and oil from dry clothing using powder containing clay and talc

Applicant/Assignee:

Application No.: 27913   Filing Date: 23/Feb/1998

Abstract:

A powdered cleaning product designed to extract oil and grease from fabric. It consists of the dry mixture of powdered montmorillonite clay and powdered talc, which are combined in a specific ratio. The mixture absorbs oil and grease from garments without leaving any rim around the spot or otherwise damaging the fabric.

Priority:

Inventor: TERZIEV NICOLA [US]


Patent No.: US5994290A  Issued: 30/Nov/1999

Title: Solid textile detergent formulation comprising inorganic builders, glycine-N'N-diacetic acid derivatives as organic cobuilders and anionic and nonionic surfactants

Applicant/Assignee: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 68552   Filing Date: 18/May/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP96/04817 Sec. 371 Date May 18, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date May 18, 1998 PCT Filed Nov. 5, 1996 PCT Pub. No. WO97/19159 PCT Pub. Date May 29, 1997A solid textile detergent formulation, comprising (A) 1-60% by weight of inorganic builders based on crystalline or amorphous aluminosilicates, crystalline or amorphous silicates, carbonates and/or phosphates, (B) 0.1-25% by weight of one or more glycine-N,N'-diacetic acid derivatives I where R is an organic radical and M is hydrogen or a cation, as organic cobuilders, (C) 1-40% by weight of anionic surfactants and (D) 0.5-30% by weight of nonionic surfactants.

Priority: DE19951043162 Applic. Date: 1995-11-18; WO1996EP04817 Applic. Date: 1996-11-05

Inventor: POTTHOFF-KARL BIRGIT [DE]; EHLE BEATE [DE]; FUNHOFF ANGELIKA [DE]; KIESSLING DIETER [DE]; BAUR RICHARD [DE]; GREINDL THOMAS [DE]


Patent No.: US6004921A  Issued: 21/Dec/1999

Title: Process for making granular suds suppressing component

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 66398   Filing Date: 02/Oct/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US96/17127 Sec. 371 Date Oct. 2, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Oct. 2, 1998 PCT Filed Oct. 25, 1996 PCT Pub. No. WO97/16519 PCT Pub. Date May 9, 1997A process for making a granular suds suppressing component comprises the steps of intimately mixing a liquid or molten suds suppressing component with an emulsifier to form a premix and granulating the premix with a powder. The powder comprises aluminosilicate. The emulsifier is an anionic surfactant. The premix comprises a structuring agent selected from the group consisting of phosphonic and diphosphonic acid, carboxylic and polycarboxylic acid, succinic and disuccinic acid, and salts, and mixtures thereof.

Priority: EP19950202988 Applic. Date: 1995-11-03; WO1996US17127 Applic. Date: 1996-10-25

Inventor: DONOGHUE SCOTT JOHN [BE]; WILKINSON CAROLE PATRICIA DENI [BE]


Patent No.: US6008175A  Issued: 28/Dec/1999

Title: Method of cleaning carpets comprising an amineoxide or acyl sarcosinate and a source of active oxygen

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTOR & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 142118   Filing Date: 04/Sep/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/02931 Sec. 371 Date Sep. 4, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Sep. 4, 1998 PCT Filed Feb. 20, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO97/32949 PCT Pub. Date Sep. 12, 1997A method of cleaning carpets with a composition comprising a surfactant selected from amine oxides and acyl sarcosinates. The compositions are advantageous in that they do not leave a dulling film if not removed from the carpet after drying. Preferably, the compositions also contain a source of active oxygen for stain removal.

Priority: EP19960870024 Applic. Date: 1996-03-04; WO1997US02931 Applic. Date: 1997-02-20

Inventor: SCIALLA STEFANO [IT]; RASO FLORIANA [IT]; SILVAGGI LORENA [IT]


Patent No.: US6008176A  Issued: 28/Dec/1999

Title: Use of glycine-N, N-diacetic acid derivatives as biodegradable complexing agents for alkaline earth metal ions and heavy metal ions

Applicant/Assignee: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 73244   Filing Date: 06/May/1998

Abstract:

Glycine-N,N-diacetic acid derivatives and their alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts are used as complexing agents for alkaline earth metal and heavy metal ions with the exception of alpha -alanine-N,N-diacetic acid as textile detergent builders in powder detergent formulations and as calcium sequestrants in oral hygiene products.

Priority: DE19934319935 Applic. Date: 1993-06-16

Inventor: SCHNEIDER JUERGEN [DE]; POTTHOFF-KARL BIRGIT [DE]; KUD ALEXANDER [DE]; BAUR RICHARD [DE]; OFTRING ALFRED [DE]; GREINDL THOMAS [DE]


Patent No.: US6015504A  Issued: 18/Jan/2000

Title: Method for increasing the SPF rating of textile fibers by treatment with triazinyldiamino stilbene compounds

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION

Application No.: 13657   Filing Date: 26/Jan/1998

Abstract:

The present invention relates to new compounds which are useful as ultraviolet absorbing agents (UVAs) and as fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), and to a method of improving the sun protection factor (SPF) of textile fiber material, especially cotton, polyamide and wool, treated with the new compounds and with certain known compounds.

Priority: GB19950003474 Applic. Date: 1995-02-22; US1996-604536 Applic. Date: 1996-02-21

Inventor: REINEHR DIETER [DE]; ECKHARDT CLAUDE [FR]; HOCHBERG ROBERT [DE]; KAUFMANN WERNER [CH]; METZGER GEORGES [FR]


Patent No.: US6015781A  Issued: 18/Jan/2000

Title: Detergent compositions containing selected mid-chain branched surfactants

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 170185   Filing Date: 13/Oct/1998

Abstract:

Detergent composition comprising a mid-chain branched surfactant and also containing a bleaching agent, aluminosilicate, silicate, and/or detersive enzyme.

Priority: US19960015521P Applic. Date: 1996-04-16

Inventor: VINSON PHILLIP KYLE [US]; FOLEY PETER ROBERT [US]; CRIPE THOMAS ANTHONY [US]; CONNOR DANIEL STEDMAN [US]; WILLMAN KENNETH WILLIAM [US]


Patent No.: US6019797A  Issued: 01/Feb/2000

Title: Laundry bleaching with improved safety to fabrics

Applicant/Assignee: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 202247   Filing Date: 24/Feb/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/09965 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 26, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 26, 1999 PCT Filed Jun. 6, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO97/47800 PCT Pub. Date Dec. 18, 1997Stains are removed from fabrics by means of metallo-hydroperoxides during an otherwise conventional laundering process. Hydroperoxides based on silicon, tin and antimony are used to effect stain removal without reducing the tensile strength of said fabrics.

Priority: EP19960870074 Applic. Date: 1996-06-10; WO1997US09965 Applic. Date: 1997-06-06

Inventor: DEL DUCA VALERIO [IT]; SCIALLA STEFANO [IT]; BIANCHETTI GIULIA OTTAVIA [IT]


Patent No.: US6020302A  Issued: 01/Feb/2000

Title: Color care compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 269097   Filing Date: 19/Mar/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/16546 Sec. 371 Date Mar. 19, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Mar. 19, 1999 PCT Filed Sep. 18, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/12296 PCT Pub. Date Mar. 26, 1998The present invention is a composition comprising a dye fixing agent and a specific aminon-functional polymer, said composition providing an improved color care on fabric upon laundry treatments.

Priority: WO1997US16546 Applic. Date: 1997-09-18

Inventor: LEURENTOP LINDA JOSEFINA ANNA [BE]; LITTIG JANET SUE [US]; MASSCHELEIN AXEL [BE]


Patent No.: US6025321A  Issued: 15/Feb/2000

Title: Dryer-added fabric softener composition to provide color and other fabric benefits in package in association with instructions for use

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 245154   Filing Date: 04/Feb/1999

Abstract:

The present invention relates to the use of a dryer-added fabric softener composition, after a normal wash process, said composition having optimal characteristics for providing good coverage of fabrics that are treated, and optionally comprising at least one fabric softener component, for imparting fabric appearance benefits. The invention comprises the softener compositions in packages in association with instructions for their use in the dryer to provide protection for the fabrics, especially color care. Dryer-added fabric softener compositions containing chlorine scavenger to protect colored fabrics from chlorine in the next wash cycle are disclosed.

Priority: CA19962250225 Applic. Date: 1996-03-29; CN19961080310 Applic. Date: 1996-03-29; US1998-099642 Applic. Date: 1998-06-18; US1997-937537 Applic. Date: 1997-09-25

Inventor: SMITH JOHN WILLIAM [US]; CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; WU RONGHUI [US]; BAKER ELLEN SCHMIDT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]; LITTIG JANET SUE [US]


Patent No.: US6025322A  Issued: 15/Feb/2000

Title: Use of polycationic condensation products as an additive for detergents or detergent after treatment agents in order to inhibit running of colors and to reduce color loss

Applicant/Assignee: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 284479   Filing Date: 21/Apr/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP97/05606 Sec. 371 Date Apr. 21, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Apr. 21, 1999 PCT Filed Oct. 10, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/17762 PCT Pub. Date Apr. 30, 1998Polycationic condensates obtainable by condensing (a) piperazine, 1-alkylpiperazines having 1 to 25 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, 1,4-dialkylpiperazines having 1 to 25 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, 1,4-bis(3-aminopropyl)piperazine, 1-(2-aminoethyl)piperazine, 1-(2-hydroxyalkyl)piperazines having 2 to 25 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, imidazole, C1-C25-alkylimidazoles or mixtures of said compounds with (b) alkylene dihalides, epihalohydrins and/or bisepoxides in the molar ratio from 1:0.8 to 1:1.1 and, where appropriate, quaternization of the condensates with C4-C25-alkylating agents or by heating triethanolamine or triisopropanolamine in the presence of acidic catalysts and quaternizing the condensates with C4-C25-alkylating agents as color-fixing additive to detergents and fabric conditioners, and detergents which comprise (i) 1-50% by weight of at least one nonionic surfactant, (ii) 0-4.0% by weight of an anionic surfactant and (iii) 0.05-2.5% by weight of the polycationic condensate are used as color transfer inhibiting and color release reducing additive, and fabric conditioners which comprise a fabric softener, a nonionic surfactant and 0.1-2.5% by weight of said polycationic condensates.

Priority: DE19961043281 Applic. Date: 1996-10-21; WO1997EP05606 Applic. Date: 1997-10-10

Inventor: BOECKH DIETER [DE]; JAEGER HANS-ULRICH [DE]; LUX JUERGEN ALFRED [DE]


Patent No.: US6033729A  Issued: 07/Mar/2000

Title: Three-dimensional expandable sponge article useful for (I) de-wrinkling and (II) aromatizing and/or freshening clothing and/or linens uses thereof and process for preparing same

Applicant/Assignee: INTERNATIONAL FLAVORS & FRAGRANCES INC

Application No.: 336050   Filing Date: 18/Jun/1999

Abstract:

Described is an expandable sponge article, initially substantially anhydrous useful for aromatizing and/or freshening and de-wrinkling clothes and linens (e.g., towels, sheets, pillowcases and the like) consisting of a relatively small expandable sponge having contained in the interstices thereof perfume oil and a fragrance substantivity/fabric relaxing substance. The article is specifically intended to be used on clothing and/or linens in need of de-wrinkling and aromatization and/or freshening, and such use is effected in an automatic dryer (which has different "cycles")

on operation of the "no heat" ("fluff" cycle) and/or the "low heat" cycle. The sponge article of our invention is activated by placing water thereon and thereby hydrating and thus expanding the sponge article. The thus-hydrated and expanded sponge article (or a plurality thereof, e.g., two or three sponge articles) is (are) placed in an automatic dryer along with a suitable number of articles of clothing (e.g., 1-3) and/or linens in need of freshening and/or aromatization and de-wrinkling. The dryer is then run on the "no-heat" cycle ("fluff" cycle) (ambient temperature operation) and/or "low-heat" cycle for 0.5-2 hours (per cycle). The clothing articles and/or linens are then removed from the dryer and hung and/or stretched for a relatively short period of time at the end of which they are (i) wrinkle free and (ii) freshened and/or aromatized.

Priority: US1998-084091 Applic. Date: 1998-05-26

Inventor: LINDAUER JEROME I [US]; FALABELLA ELIZABETH [US]; RODRIGUEZ NIKKI [US]


Patent No.: US6045861A  Issued: 04/Apr/2000

Title: Three-Dimensional expandable sponge article useful for (I) de-wrinkling and (II) aromatizing and/or freshening clothing and/or linens, uses thereof and process for preparing same

Applicant/Assignee: INTERNATIONAL FLAVORS & FRAGRANCES INC

Application No.: 252017   Filing Date: 18/Feb/1999

Abstract:

Described is an expandable sponge article, initially substantially anhydrous useful for aromatizing and/or freshening and de-wrinkling clothes and linens (e.g., towels, sheets, pillowcases and the like) consisting of a relatively small expandable sponge having contained in the interstices thereof perfume oil and a fragrance substantivity/fabric relaxing substance. The article is specifically intended to be used on clothing and/or linens in need of de-wrinkling and aromatization and/or freshening, and such use is effected in an automatic dryer (which has different "cycles")

on operation of the "fluff" cycle. The sponge article of our invention is activated by placing water thereon and thereby hydrating and thus expanding the sponge article. The thus-hydrated and expanded sponge article is placed in an automatic dryer along with a suitable number of articles of clothing (e.g., 1-3) and/or linens in need of freshening and/or aromatization and de-wrinkling. The dryer is then run on the "fluff" cycle (ambient temperature operation) for 0.52-2 hours. The clothing articles and/or linens are then removed from the dryer and hung and/or stretched for a relatively short period of time at the end of which they are (i) wrinkle free and (ii) freshened and/or aromatized.

Priority: US1998-084091 Applic. Date: 1998-05-26

Inventor: LINDAUER JEROME I [US]; FALABELLA ELIZABETH [US]; RODRIGUEZ NIKKI [US]


Patent No.: US6046154A  Issued: 04/Apr/2000

Title: Dryer-added fabric softener composition comprising chlorine scavenger to provide color and other fabric benefits

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 275844   Filing Date: 24/Mar/1999

Abstract:

The present invention relates to the use of a dryer-added fabric softener composition, after a normal wash process, said composition having optimal characteristics for providing good coverage of fabrics that are treated, and optionally comprising at least one fabric softener component, for imparting fabric appearance benefits. The invention comprises the softener compositions in packages in association with instructions for their use in the dryer to provide protection for the fabrics, especially color care. Dryer-added fabric softener compositions containing chlorine scavenger to protect colored fabrics from chlorine in the next wash cycle are disclosed.

Priority: US1997-937904 Applic. Date: 1997-09-25

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; SWARTLEY DONALD MARION [US]; CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; SMITH JOHN WILLIAM [US]; WU RONGHUI [US]


Patent No.: US6046155A  Issued: 04/Apr/2000

Title: Dryer-added fabric softner composition comprising chlorine scavenger to provide color and other fabric benefits

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 275845   Filing Date: 24/Mar/1999

Abstract:

The present invention relates to the use of a dryer-added fabric softener composition, after a normal wash process, said composition having optimal characteristics for providing good coverage of fabrics that are treated, and optionally comprising at least one fabric softener component, for imparting fabric appearance benefits. The invention comprises the softener compositions in packages in association with instructions for their use in the dryer to provide protection for the fabrics, especially color care. Dryer-added fabric softener compositions containing chlorine scavenger to protect colored fabrics from chlorine in the next wash cycle are disclosed.

Priority: US1997-937904 Applic. Date: 1997-09-25

Inventor: TRINH TOAN [US]; SWARTLEY DONALD MARION [US]; CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; SMITH JOHN WILLIAM [US]; WU RONGHUI [US]


Patent No.: US6057278A  Issued: 02/May/2000

Title: Laundry detergent compositions comprising zwitterionic cotton soil release polymers

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 391246   Filing Date: 07/Sep/1999

Abstract:

Cotton soil release polymers comprising water soluble and/or dispersible, modified polyamines having functionalized backbone moieties and improved stability toward bleach. Also, laundry detergent compositions comprising these cotton soil release polymers having enhanced hydrophilic soil removal benefits.

Priority: US19960016807P Applic. Date: 1996-05-03

Inventor: GOSSELINK EUGENE PAUL [US]; PRICE KENNETH NATHAN [US]


Patent No.: US6059844A  Issued: 09/May/2000

Title: Cleaning process

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 186706   Filing Date: 05/Nov/1998

Abstract:

A process is disclosed for bleaching of a substrate which includes adding a molecular oxygen activating system to an aqueous wash liquor and bleaching the substrate with the molecular oxygen activating system in the aqueous wash liquor. Significant substrate cleaning results can be obtained by molecular oxygen obtained from air even in the absence of any usually applied active oxygen ingredients such as perborate or percarbonate.

Priority: EP19960200935 Applic. Date: 1996-04-10; US1997-835246 Applic. Date: 1997-04-07

Inventor: KOEK JEAN HYPOLITES [NL]


Patent No.: US6066612A  Issued: 23/May/2000

Title: Detergent compositions comprising polyamine polymers with improved soil dispersancy

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 180139   Filing Date: 03/Nov/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US96/06272 Sec. 371 Date Nov. 3, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Nov. 3, 1998 PCT Filed May 3, 1996 PCT Pub. No. WO97/42282 PCT Pub. Date Nov. 13, 1997The present invention encompasses detergent compositions comprising polymeric polycarboxylates and polyamine soil release agents. The composition has improved soil dispersancy properties, especially for polar soils.

Priority: CA19962252863 Applic. Date: 1996-05-03; HU19990003499 Applic. Date: 1996-05-03; WO1996US06272 Applic. Date: 1996-05-03

Inventor: MURATA SUSUMU [JP]; SHINDO KENJI [JP]; MURAMATSU AYAKO [JP]


Patent No.: US6071871A  Issued: 06/Jun/2000

Title: Cotton soil release polymers

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 356239   Filing Date: 16/Jul/1999

Abstract:

Cotton soil release polymers comprising water soluble and/or dispersible, modified polyamines having functionalized backbone moieties and improved stability toward bleach. Also, laundry detergent compositions comprising these cotton soil release polymers having enhanced hydrophilic soil removal benefits.

Priority: US19960016807P Applic. Date: 1996-05-03

Inventor: GOSSELINK EUGENE PAUL [US]; PRICE KENNETH NATHAN [US]


Patent No.: US6074437A  Issued: 13/Jun/2000

Title: Bleaching with polyoxometalates and air or molecular oxygen

Applicant/Assignee: UNILEVER HOME & PERSONAL CARE USA, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 264191   Filing Date: 05/Mar/1999

Abstract:

A method for bleaching laundry and household surfaces is provided which includes preparing a wash medium with a bleaching composition incorporating polyoxometalates and being free of any effective amount of a bleaching agent such as hydrogen peroxide, organic peracids, inorganic peracids, organic persalts, inorganic persalts, Caro's acid, Caroates and mixtures thereof. A second step involves contacting a stained substrate such as a fabric, kitchenware or a household hard surface for a time and in an amount sufficient to remove the stains. Air is employed as a primary source of oxygen atoms for bleaching.

Priority: US19980113606P Applic. Date: 1998-12-23

Inventor: RACHERLA UDAY SHANKER [US]; CHEN QIN [US]


Patent No.: US6075000A  Issued: 13/Jun/2000

Title: Bleach compatible alkoxylated polyalkyleneimines

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 103135   Filing Date: 23/Jun/1998

Abstract:

The present invention relates to laundry detergent compositions which comprise bleach compatible hydrophobic soil dispersants. The dispersants are polyalkyleneimines having a backbone molecular weight of from about 2000 to about 5000 daltons and having most of the N-H unit hydrogens, preferably all N-H unit hydrogens substituted with from about 20 to about 50, alkyleneoxy units.

Priority: US19970051517P Applic. Date: 1997-07-02

Inventor: ROHRBAUGH ROBERT HENRY [US]; CLEARY JAMES ALBERT [US]; ZHANG SHULIN [US]; GOSSELINK EUGENE PAUL [US]


Patent No.: US6075003A  Issued: 13/Jun/2000

Title: Fabric laundry treatment composition

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 42059   Filing Date: 13/Mar/1998

Abstract:

A fabric laundry treatment composition comprising: a) a fluorocarbon polymer or a fluorocarbon copolymer or mixtures thereof

b) a deposition aid comprising a cationic softening compound or a polymeric delivery aid or mixtures thereof

with the proviso that when the deposition aid is solely a cationic fabric softening compounds the ratio of b):a) is greater than or equal to 2:3.

Priority: BR19970001287 Applic. Date: 1997-03-14

Inventor: HAQ ZIYA [GB]; HOLT STUART PETER [GB]; KILLEY ADELLE LOUISE [GB]; PETRI CARLOS [BR]; WHALEY CHRISTOPHER [GB]


Patent No.: US6076229A  Issued: 20/Jun/2000

Title: Aqueous cleaning solutions incorporating ozone-resistant surfactants with low foam characteristics

Applicant/Assignee: CFR CORPORATION

Application No.: 999647   Filing Date: 25/Nov/1997

Abstract:

An aqueous surface cleaning composition consists essentially of water and a surfactant. The surfactant is incorporated, preferably, at a concentration of 10-100 parts per million, by weight as a proportion of the entire composition, and more preferably is within the range of about 70-93 ppm. The preferred surfactant is sodium octyl sulfate, which is resistant to combining or interacting with ozone and has the desired foaming characteristics. Other ozone resistant surfactants may be employed, alone or in combination with one another. The liquid cleaning composition is used advantageously in a fluid cycling cleaning system or a recycling system in which the liquid is provided from a canister to a cleaning tool head, then returned over a vacuum conduit to the canister for filtration and reuse. Circulation of the cleaning composition through the system agitates the composition, enabling the surfactant to promote formation of a foam layer that covers an otherwise exposed surface of the cleaning composition, virtually preventing the outgasing of ozone. The cleaning composition can be enhanced through water conditioners, alkalinity enhancers and other additives with little or no ozone demand. The cleaning composition is conveniently prepared by making a liquid concentrate incorporating the surfactant at 0.9-1.2 percent, then diluting the concentrate with water. Surfaces are cleaned by incorporating ozone into the liquid cleaning composition, delivering the ozone-containing composition to an application area, and using a vacuum to draw the cleaning composition, air, and removed soil away from the application area.

Priority: US1996-659353 Applic. Date: 1996-06-06

Inventor: BERGLUND EDWARD D [US]


Patent No.: US6077818A  Issued: 20/Jun/2000

Title: Cellulase activity control by a terminator

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 125580   Filing Date: 13/Oct/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/02515 Sec. 371 Date Oct. 13, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Oct. 13, 1998 PCT Filed Feb. 18, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO97/30143 PCT Pub. Date Aug. 21, 1997The present invention relates to detergent compositions comprising a cellulase termination composition and cellulase in order to prevent potential tensile strength loss related to the hydrolytic activity of cellulase on cellulose substrates while maintaining the desired benefits from the use of cellulase.

Priority: EP19960870013 Applic. Date: 1996-02-20; WO1997US02515 Applic. Date: 1997-02-18

Inventor: BAECK ANDRE CESAR [BE]; BUSCH ALFRED [BE]; CONVENTS ANDRE CHRISTIAN [US]; PAQUATTE OLIVIER [BE]


Patent No.: US6080208A  Issued: 27/Jun/2000

Title: Stilbene compounds and their use

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION

Application No.: 218246   Filing Date: 22/Dec/1998

Abstract:

The present invention provides new stilbene compounds which are useful as fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), imparting high whiteness levels to textile fibre material treated with them, and which also impart a high sun protection factor (SPF) to textile fibre material treated with them. The present invention also concerns a method of imparting a high whiteness level and a high sun protection factor to textile fibre material, especially cotton, polyamide and wool, comprising treating the textile material with the new compounds.

Priority: GB19960010832 Applic. Date: 1996-05-23; US1997-862036 Applic. Date: 1997-05-22

Inventor: REINEHR DIETER [DE]; METZGER GEORGES [FR]; SAUTER HANSPETER [DE]


Patent No.: US6083422A  Issued: 04/Jul/2000

Title: Thickened bleach compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE B.F. GOODRICH COMPANY

Application No.: 388949   Filing Date: 02/Sep/1999

Abstract:

The present invention relates to thickened aqueous bleach compositions containing either an alkali metal hypohalite or peroxygen bleach. Compositions containing hypohalite or peroxygen bleaches are particularly difficult to thicken with sufficient stability for commercial value. The addition of a rheology stabilizer minimizes the loss of stability over time and enables compositions of varying bleach and pH level to be obtained. These compositions comprise an alkali metal hypohalite or peroxygen bleach, a polymeric rheology modifying agent, an effective amount of a rheology stabilizing agent, sufficient alkalinity buffering agent, with the remainder being water.

Priority: US1997-985487 Applic. Date: 1997-12-04

Inventor: AMBUTER HAL [US]; KOTIAN SAHIRA VIJAY [US]


Patent No.: US6083898A  Issued: 04/Jul/2000

Title: Water-soluble or water-dispersible cross-linked nitrogenated compounds in washing and cleaning agents

Applicant/Assignee: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 284456   Filing Date: 12/May/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP97/05744 Sec. 371 Date May 12, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date May 12, 1999 PCT Filed Oct. 17, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/17764 PCT Pub. Date Apr. 30, 1998The invention relates to the use of crosslinked nitrogenous compounds which are soluble or dispersible in water and are obtainable by crosslinking of (a) compounds containing at least three NH groups with (b) at least bifunctional crosslinkers which react with NH groups, in detergents and cleaners, especially soil release agents. Compounds (a) are preferably selected from the group consisting of oligo- and polyamines, polyalkylenepolyamines, polyamidoamines, polyamidoamines grafted with (poly)ethyleneimnine, and mixtures thereof

Priority: DE19961043133 Applic. Date: 1996-10-18; WO1997EP05744 Applic. Date: 1997-10-17

Inventor: MEIXNER HUBERT [DE]; STEUERLE ULRICH [DE]; DECKER JUERGEN [DE]; PAULUS WOLFGANG [DE]; BOECKH DIETER [DE]; LUX JUERGEN ALFRED [DE]; EHLE BEATE [DE]


Patent No.: US6087316A  Issued: 11/Jul/2000

Title: Cotton soil release polymers

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 180191   Filing Date: 03/Nov/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/06917 Sec. 371 Date Nov. 3, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Nov. 3, 1998 PCT Filed Apr. 25, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO97/42285 PCT Pub. Date Nov. 13, 1997Cotton soil release polymers comprising water soluble and/or dispersible, modified polyamines having functionalized backbone moieties and improved stability toward bleach. Also, laundry detergent compositions comprising these cotton soil release polymers.

Priority: WO1997US06917 Applic. Date: 1997-04-25; US19960016807P Applic. Date: 1996-05-03

Inventor: WATSON RANDALL ALAN [US]; GOSSELINK EUGENE PAUL [US]; MANOHAR SANJEEV KRISHNADAS [US]


Patent No.: US6096098A  Issued: 01/Aug/2000

Title: Asymmetrical bleach activators and compositions employing the same

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 284552   Filing Date: 15/Apr/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/18568 Sec. 371 Date Apr. 15, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Apr. 15, 1999 PCT Filed Oct. 10, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/16609 PCT Pub. Date Apr. 23, 1998The present invention discloses asymmetrical bleach activators for use in both solid and liquid additive, bleaching and detergent compositions. The asymmetrical bleach activators display the unique ability to form both hydrophilic and hydrophobic bleaching agents in aqueous liquors such as bleaching solutions. Thus, fabrics, hard surfaces or dishes having hydrophobic stains such as dingy and or hydrophilic stains such as beverages can be effectively cleaned or bleached using the bleach activators of the present invention.

Priority: WO1997US18568 Applic. Date: 1997-10-10; US19960028123P Applic. Date: 1996-10-15; US19970038222P Applic. Date: 1997-02-19

Inventor: MIRACLE GREGORY SCOT [US]; DYKSTRA ROBERT RICHARD [US]; KOTT KEVIN LEE [US]; SCIALLA STEFANO [IT]


Patent No.: US6096703A  Issued: 01/Aug/2000

Title: Process and composition for detergents

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 230875   Filing Date: 01/Feb/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/12964 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 1, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 1, 1999 PCT Filed Jul. 23, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/04671 PCT Pub. Date Feb. 5, 1998Disclosed is a process for making a detergent composition comprising the steps of: i) making a detergent based composition comprising a solid acid source

ii) coating the solid acid source with a detergent surfactant

and iii) further adding an alkaline source and agglomerating said alkaline source with said acid source

and wherein the alkaline source and the acid source are capable of reacting together to produce a gas. Detergent compositions thus prepared show improved dispersability. Methods of laundering fabrics using such detergent compositions are disclosed.

Priority: GB19960016114 Applic. Date: 1996-07-31; WO1997US12964 Applic. Date: 1997-07-23

Inventor: HALL ROBIN GIBSON [GB]


Patent No.: US6099589A  Issued: 08/Aug/2000

Title: Presoak detergent with optical brightener

Applicant/Assignee: KAY CHEMICAL COMPANY

Application No.: 695   Filing Date: 30/Dec/1997

Abstract:

In fabric laundry procedures, commercial and household laundry detergent compositions commonly contain an optical brightener composition. Brighteners adjust the optical properties of the fabric in such a way that the fabric appears to be white even after repeated washings. Often white fabrics can yellow during use. Fluorescent optical brighteners having an optical blue aspect, mask the yellowing of the fabric. Common laundry detergents fail to have sufficient brightening capacity to brighten heavily soiled white cotton items used in household, commercial, institutional or fast-food food surface. A process for improving the whiteness of soiled white cotton, preferably terry cloth, items involves contacting the soiled white fabric item with a presoak containing an effective proportion of a fluorescent optical brightener composition, removing the item from the presoak and separating the presoak composition from the fabric item producing an extracted item. The extracted item is then laundered in a laundry detergent composition containing a brightener. The resulting white fabric items have substantially improved whiteness when compared to similarly soiled items laundered in conventional processes.

Priority:

Inventor: SOWLE EDDIE D [US]; PARKER III CARLETON J [US]


Patent No.: US6103678A  Issued: 15/Aug/2000

Title: Fabric treatment compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 297775   Filing Date: 07/May/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/18474 Sec. 371 Date May 7, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date May 7, 1999 PCT Filed Nov. 6, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/20102 PCT Pub. Date May 14, 1998The present invention relates to a fabric treatment composition comprising a hydrophilic perfume and an amino-functional polymer, whereby effective perfume substantivity on the treated fabrics is obtained.

Priority: EP19960870140 Applic. Date: 1996-11-07; WO1997US18474 Applic. Date: 1997-11-06

Inventor: MASSCHELEIN AXEL [BE]; THOEN CHRISTIAAN ARTHUR JACQUE [BE]


Patent No.: US6107270A  Issued: 22/Aug/2000

Title: Dryer-added fabric softener composition to provide color and other fabric benefits in package in association with instructions for use

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 99642   Filing Date: 18/Jun/1998

Abstract:

The present invention relates to the use of a dryer-added fabric softener composition, after a normal wash process, said composition having optimal characteristics for providing good coverage of fabrics that are treated, and optionally comprising at least one fabric softener component, for imparting fabric appearance benefits. The invention comprises the softener compositions in packages in association with instructions for their use in the dryer to provide protection for the fabrics, especially color care. Dryer-added fabric softener compositions containing chlorine scavenger to protect colored fabrics from chlorine in the next wash cycle are disclosed.

Priority: CA19962250225 Applic. Date: 1996-03-29; CN19961080310 Applic. Date: 1996-03-29; US1997-937537 Applic. Date: 1997-09-25; WO1996US04315 Applic. Date: 1996-03-29

Inventor: SMITH JOHN WILLIAM [US]; CORONA III ALESSANDRO [US]; TRINH TOAN [US]; WU RONGHUI [US]; BAKER ELLEN SCHMIDT [US]; HARTMAN FREDERICK ANTHONY [US]; LITTIG JANET SUE [US]


Patent No.: US6110520A  Issued: 29/Aug/2000

Title: Process for preparing GAMM-hexalactone, products produced therefrom dan organoleptic uses of said products

Applicant/Assignee: INTERNATIONAL FLAVORS & FRAGRANCES INC

Application No.: 275768   Filing Date: 25/Mar/1999

Abstract:

A process for producing high yields of gamma -hexalactone and 2-pentanone from the corresponding hexanoic acid starting material is carried out with high amounts of oxygen and sugar in the presence of a mold microorganism. Fragrance compositions and foodstuff compositions are augmented and enhanced by the presence of the product compounds.

Priority:

Inventor: HE FENJIN [US]; FARBOOD MOHAMAD I [US]; KIZER LAURA E [US]


Patent No.: US6114299A  Issued: 05/Sep/2000

Title: Textile treating compositions comprising n-functional organopolysiloxanes and polyisobutylene polymers, and process of using same

Applicant/Assignee: WACKER SILICONES CORPORATION

Application No.: 996491   Filing Date: 23/Dec/1997

Abstract:

Aqueous textile treating compositions containing both nitrogen-functional organopolysiloxanes and oligomeric polyisobutylene polymers are as effective as conventional textile treating compositions containing only nitrogen-functional organopolysiloxane, and have improved resistance to yellowing, improved washfastness, and are more cost effective. Stable concentrates containing amino-functional organopolysiloxane, polyisobutylene, and a blend-stabilizing surfactant may be used to form aqueous emulsion and microemulsion fabric softener compositions.

Priority:

Inventor: HUNTER SCOTT [US]; MARTIN EUGENE R [US]


Patent No.: US6117358A  Issued: 12/Sep/2000

Title: Composition for bleaching textiles

Applicant/Assignee: SURRY CHEMICALS, INC

Application No.: 332692   Filing Date: 14/Jun/1999

Abstract:

A rapid bleaching process for cellulosic materials such as cotton and cotton blends. The bleaching liquor includes a mixture of hydrogen peroxide, potassium hydroxide and a stabilizer combined with controlled time and temperature to produce a rapid bleach in about 10 minutes or less. The resulting textile goods are soft, absorbent, mote-free with a Hunter Scale Whiteness Value of greater than about 110 and less than about 0.65% extractable solids.

Priority: US1996-746583 Applic. Date: 1996-11-12; US1995-450302 Applic. Date: 1995-05-25; US1994-334453 Applic. Date: 1994-11-04; US1993-067515 Applic. Date: 1993-05-24

Inventor: SHEPPARD SHERMAN H [US]


Patent No.: US6117833A  Issued: 12/Sep/2000

Title: Bleaching compositions and method for bleaching substrates directly with air

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY

Application No.: 212621   Filing Date: 16/Dec/1998

Abstract:

A bleach composition and a method for bleaching stains is provided, the composition including a C7-C20 aromatic aldehyde and an imide, the latter being particularly N-hydroxyphthalimide. Air is employed as a source of oxygen which combines with the aldehyde to form the bleach active species. Peroxides, inorganic persalts and bleach precursors are unnecessary elements for the bleach systems of this invention.

Priority:

Inventor: RACHERLA UDAY SHANKER [US]; VERMEER ROBERT CHARLES [US]


Patent No.: US6117834A  Issued: 12/Sep/2000

Title: Dye-transfer-inhibiting compositions and particulate detergent compositions containing them

Applicant/Assignee: UNILEVER HOME & PERSONAL CARE U.S.A

Application No.: 357560   Filing Date: 08/Jul/1999

Abstract:

A free-flowing granular polymer composition suitable for incorporation into a particulate detergent composition comprises a defined dye-transfer-inhibiting polymer, preferably poly(4-vinylpyridine) sodium carboxymethyl betaine chloride, and a carrier material comprising zeolite and a solid acid, for example, polyacrylic acid.

Priority: GB19980014819 Applic. Date: 1998-07-08

Inventor: RUIJTER HENDRIK DE [NL]; STRIJBOSCH ANTONIUS HENRICUS J [NL]


Patent No.: US6121226A  Issued: 19/Sep/2000

Title: Compositions comprising cotton soil release polymers and protease enzymes

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 354972   Filing Date: 16/Jul/1999

Abstract:

Cotton soil release polymers comprising water soluble and/or dispersible, modified polyamines having functionalized backbone moieties and improved stability toward bleach. Also, laundry detergent compositions comprising these cotton soil release polymers having enhanced hydrophilic soil removal benefits in combination with a protease enzyme system are provided.

Priority: US1998-180191 Applic. Date: 1998-11-03; WO1997US06917 Applic. Date: 1997-04-25; US19960016807P Applic. Date: 1996-05-03

Inventor: GOSSELINK EUGENE PAUL [US]; PRICE KENNETH NATHAN [US]; GHOSH CHANCHAL KUMAR [US]


Patent No.: US6127331A  Issued: 03/Oct/2000

Title: Laundry compositions comprising alkoxylated polyalkyleneimine dispersants

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 103240   Filing Date: 23/Jun/1998

Abstract:

The present invention relates to laundry detergent compositions which comprise an alkoxylated polyalkyleneimine soil dispersant having the formula: wherein R is C2-C6 linear alkylene, C3-C6 branched alkylene, and mixtures thereof

B is a continuation by branching

E is an alkyleneoxy unit having the formula: -(R1O)m(R2O)nR3 wherein R1 is 1,2-propylene, 1,2-butylene, and mixtures thereof

R2 is ethylene

R3 is hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, and mixtures thereof

m is from about 1 to about 10

n is from about 10 to about 40

w, x, and y are each independently from about 4 to about 200

provided at least one -(R1O) unit is attached to the backbone prior to attachment of an -(R2O) unit and further provided m+n is at least 12, said dispersants are compatible with bleach. The disclosed alkoxylated polyalkyleneimines are also suitable for use as soil dispersant in bleach-containing laundry pre-soaks and bleaching agents.

Priority:

Inventor: CLEARY JAMES ALBERT [US]; ZHANG SHULIN [US]; GOSSELINK EUGENE PAUL [US]


Patent No.: US6130198A  Issued: 10/Oct/2000

Title: Bleaching efficiency boosters for bleach and textile detergent compositions

Applicant/Assignee: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Application No.: 155354   Filing Date: 28/Sep/1998

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/EP97/01513 Sec. 371 Date Sep. 28, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Sep. 28, 1998 PCT Filed Mar. 25, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO97/35950 PCT Pub. Date Oct. 2, 1997Use of amines as bleaching efficiency boosters for textile detergent compositions, where the pKa of the amines is greater than the pH minus 1, preferably greater than the pH, particularly preferably at least 0.5 greater than the pH of the 1% by weight wash liquor obtained from the textile detergent composition.

Priority: DE19961011992 Applic. Date: 1996-03-26; DE19961025908 Applic. Date: 1996-06-27; WO1997EP01513 Applic. Date: 1997-03-25

Inventor: WEHLAGE THOMAS [DE]; BOECKH DIETER [DE]; BERTLEFF WERNER [DE]; OFTRING ALFRED [DE]


Patent No.: US6133224A  Issued: 17/Oct/2000

Title: Process for making a free-flowing particulate dye transfer inhibiting detergent admix

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 331303   Filing Date: 18/Jun/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/22942 Sec. 371 Date Jun. 18, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Jun. 18, 1999 PCT Filed Dec. 5, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/28397 PCT Pub. Date Jul. 2, 1998Process for making a free-flowing, particulate dye transfer inhibiting detergent admix for inclusion in a granular laundry detergent composition consisting essentially of the steps of: charging from 50% to 95%, by weight of the dye transfer inhibiting detergent admix, of a detergent builder into a mixer/granulator

adding to the detergent builder from 5% to 50%, by weight of the dye transfer inhibiting detergent admix, of a dye transfer inhibitor solution to thereby form a mixture

and agglomerating the mixture of the dye transfer inhibitor solution and the detergent builder so as to form the dye transfer inhibiting detergent admix.

Priority: US19960033136P Applic. Date: 1996-12-20; WO1997US22942 Applic. Date: 1997-12-05

Inventor: ANGELL ADRIAN JOHN WAYNFORTH [US]; CUTTER GARY RAY [US]; WELCH ROBERT GARY [US]


Patent No.: US6140294A  Issued: 31/Oct/2000

Title: Bleach and oxidation catalyst

Applicant/Assignee: UNILEVER HOME & PERSONAL CARE USA, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 433157   Filing Date: 03/Nov/1999

Abstract:

A bleach and oxidation catalyst is provided comprising a catalytically active iron, manganese or copper complex including a specified pentadentate nitrogen-containing ligand. The metal complex can activate hydrogen peroxide or peroxyacids and provides favourable stain removal properties. In addition, a considerably improved stability of these metal complex compounds in alkaline aqueous environment has been obtained, in particular at the peroxy compound concentrations generally present in the fabric washing liquor.

Priority: EP19980309169 Applic. Date: 1998-11-10

Inventor: DELROISSE MICHEL GILBERT [GB]; FERINGA BERNARD LUCAS [NL]; HAGE RONALD [NL]; HERMANT ROELANT MATHIJS [NL]; KALMEIJER ROBERTUS EVERARDUS [NL]; KOEK JEAN HYPOLITES [NL]; LAMERS CHRISTIAAN [NL]; RISPENS MINZE THEUNIS [NL]; RUSSELL STEPHEN WILLIAM [NL]; VLIET RONALDUS THEODORUS [NL]; WHITTAKER JANE [GB]


Patent No.: US6140298A  Issued: 31/Oct/2000

Title: Bleaching compositions based on air, uncomplexed transition metal ions and aromatic aldehydes

Applicant/Assignee: LEVER BROTHERS COMPANY, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 212620   Filing Date: 16/Dec/1998

Abstract:

A bleach composition and a method for bleaching stains is provided, the composition including a C7-C20 aromatic aldehyde and a transition metal salt. Air is employed as source of oxygen which combines with the aldehyde to form the bleach active species. Peroxides, inorganic persalts and bleach precursors are unnecessary elements for the bleach systems of this invention.

Priority:

Inventor: RACHERLA UDAY SHANKER [US]; VERMEER ROBERT CHARLES [US]


Patent No.: US6143712A  Issued: 07/Nov/2000

Title: Fabric softening compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTOR & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 269085   Filing Date: 18/Mar/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/16379 Sec. 371 Date Mar. 18, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Mar. 18, 1999 PCT Filed Sep. 10, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/12289 PCT Pub. Date Mar. 26, 1998The present invention relates to a liquid fabric softening composition comprising a cationic biodegradable fabric softener and an alkoxylated amino-functional polymer, whereby said combination provides an increased color care benefit on treated fabrics but also enables the use of higher levels of polymers without being detrimental to the stability of the composition.

Priority: EP19960870119 Applic. Date: 1996-09-19; WO1997US16379 Applic. Date: 1997-09-10; EP19970201491 Applic. Date: 1997-05-16

Inventor: BECKERS MARTINE IRENE MARIA [BE]; MASSCHELEIN AXEL [BE]


Patent No.: US6147043A  Issued: 14/Nov/2000

Title: Machine dishwashing detergents with silver protection

Applicant/Assignee: HENKEL KOMMANDITGESELLSCHAFT AUF AKTIEN

Application No.: 7474   Filing Date: 15/Jan/1998

Abstract:

In machine dishwashing using low-alkaline detergents, the protection of silver was to be guaranteed. This was achieved by using 3-amino-5-alkyl-1,2,4-triazoles and salts thereof as silver protectors in machine dishwashing detergents. In addition, the dishwashing detergents may contain bleaching agents and builders.

Priority: DE19971001031 Applic. Date: 1997-01-15

Inventor: MOELLER HINRICH [DE]; BLUM HELMUT [DE]; NITSCH CHRISTIAN [DE]; HAERER JUERGEN [DE]


Patent No.: US6153567A  Issued: 28/Nov/2000

Title: Silicone compositions

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 860062   Filing Date: 23/Jun/1997

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US95/15766 Sec. 371 Date Jun. 23, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Jun. 23, 1997 PCT Filed Dec. 5, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO96/19194 PCT Pub. Date Jun. 27, 1996A flavor, perfume, coolant or antimicrobial composition comprising an aminoalkylsilicone having an aminosiloxane content of from about 0.1%-2% on a repeating unit basis. The composition provides improved surface residuality, impact and/or antimicrobial efficacy.

Priority: GB19940025930 Applic. Date: 1994-12-22; WO1995US15766 Applic. Date: 1995-12-05

Inventor: HUGHES IAIN ALLAN [GB]


Patent No.: US6162780A  Issued: 19/Dec/2000

Title: Detergent having improved color retention properties

Applicant/Assignee: THE DIAL CORPORATION

Application No.: 370468   Filing Date: 09/Aug/1999

Abstract:

A carbonate-based detergent having improved properties is provided. Preferably, a base detergent includes an alkali metal carbonate builder, an anionic surfactant, an inert diluent, a copolymer, and a chlorine scavenger. The base detergent is mixed with an agglomerate including nonionic surfactants and a builder such as an alkali metal carbonate. The detergent has improved color retention properties. A method of preparing the improved detergent composition is also provided.

Priority: US1996-616731 Applic. Date: 1996-03-15; US1995-544434 Applic. Date: 1995-11-17

Inventor: PARTEE TERRELL L [US]; VARKER CHARLES [US]; MORSE ELAINE T [US]; MORGAN RONALD D [US]


Patent No.: US6165953A  Issued: 26/Dec/2000

Title: Dryer added fabric softening compositions and method of use for the delivery of fragrance derivatives

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 319751   Filing Date: 10/Jun/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/24140 Sec. 371 Date Jun. 10, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Jun. 10, 1999 PCT Filed Dec. 19, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/27192 PCT Pub. Date Jun. 25, 1998The present invention relates to dryer-activated fabric softening compositions comprising: (A) pro-perfume beta -ketoester compounds

(B) fabric softening compounds

and (C) optionally, (1) a carboxylic acid salt of a tertiary amine and/or a tertiary amine ester

and (2) a nonionic softener

wherein, preferably, the Iodine Value of the total number of fatty acyl groups present in (A), (C)(1), and (C)(2) is from about 3 to about 60. These compositions exhibit good antistatic properties as well as improved delivery from a substrate.

Priority: US19960034822P Applic. Date: 1996-12-19; WO1997US24140 Applic. Date: 1997-12-19

Inventor: GARDLIK JOHN MICHAEL [US]; COSTA JILL BONHAM [US]; DITULLIO JR DANIEL DALE [US]; LITTIG JANET SUE [US]; ORTIZ RAFAEL [US]; SEVERNS JOHN CORT [US]; SIVIK MARK ROBERT [US]


Patent No.: US6165963A  Issued: 26/Dec/2000

Title: Detergent bleaching composition comprising pentadentate ligand derivatives

Applicant/Assignee: UNILEVER HOME & PERSONAL CARE USA, DIVISION OF CONOPCO, INC

Application No.: 433156   Filing Date: 03/Nov/1999

Abstract:

A detergent bleaching composition is provided comprising a compound including a specified pentadentate nitrogen-containing ligand. The compound can activate hydrogen peroxide or peroxyacids and provides favourable stain removal properties, particularly in the presence or iron, manganese or copper ions. In addition, an improved stability in alkaline aqueous environment has been obtained, in particular at the peroxy compound concentrations generally present in the fabric washing liquor.

Priority: EP19980309168 Applic. Date: 1998-11-10

Inventor: DELROISSE MICHEL GILBERT [GB]; FERINGA BERNARD LUCAS [NL]; HAGE RONALD [NL]; HERMANT ROELANT MATHIJS [NL]; KALMEIJER ROBERTUS EVERARDUS [NL]; KOEK JEAN HYPOLITES [NL]; LAMERS CHRISTIAAN [NL]; RISPENS MINZE THEUNIS [NL]; RUSSELL STEPHEN WILLIAM [NL]; VLIET RONALDUS THEODORUS [NL]; WHITTAKER JANE [GB]


Patent No.: US6165967A  Issued: 26/Dec/2000

Title: Hand wash laundry detergent compositions containing a combination of surfactants

Applicant/Assignee: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY

Application No.: 214588   Filing Date: 26/Feb/1999

Abstract:

PCT No. PCT/US97/11944 Sec. 371 Date Feb. 26, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date Feb. 26, 1999 PCT Filed Jul. 8, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/01521 PCT Pub. Date Jan. 15, 1998Laundry granular detergent compositions useful for hand wash and machine-assisted hand wash laundry operations. The composition contains 5% to 40% of a surfactant, the surfactant containing: 1) 60% to 95% primary anionic surfactant selected from alkylbenzene sulfonate, alkyl sulfate, and mixtures thereof

and 2) 2.5% to 18% alkyl ethoxy ether sulfate (AES) surfactant having an average of from about 1 to about 9 moles ethoxy per mole surfactant, the ratio of alkylbenzene sulfate and alkyl sulfate surfactant to alkyl ethoxy ether sulfate surfactant being within the range of from about 30:1 to about 4:1. The composition also preferably contains 2.0% to 5.5% hydroxyalkyl quaternary ammonium cationic surfactant, the ratio of alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate surfactant to such cationic surfactant being from 40:1 to 16:1. The detergent laundry composition is mild to the hands, and provides superior cleaning performance under high hardness and underbuilt wash conditions, and improved cleaning performance on greasy and body soils. The incorporation of the AES surfactant into the surfactant system also provides improved cellulase enzyme activity on cellulose substrates washed in the detergent composition.

Priority: US19960021338P Applic. Date: 1996-07-08; WO1997US11944 Applic. Date: 1997-07-08

Inventor: PRADA-SILVY RICARDO ALFREDO [VE]; FIGUEROA FRANCISCO RAMON [GB]; ICAZA-FRANCESCHI RICARDO ALBER [US]; LEAL-MACIAS RICARDO [MX]; MARIN-CARRILLO EDGAR MANUEL [MX]


Patent No.: US6165973A  Issued: 26/Dec/2000

Title: Fluorescent whitening agent, its preparation and use

Applicant/Assignee: CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION

Application No.: 493341   Filing Date: 28/Jan/2000

Abstract:

A fluorescent whitening agent comprising a mixture of compounds of the formulae Ia, Ib and Ic: in which the -SO3R groups are in the meta and/or para position, and wherein R and M, independently of each other are H, Na, Li, K, Ca, Mg, ammonium, or ammonium that is mono-, di-, tri- or tetra-substituted by C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4-hydroxyalkyl or a mixture thereof, a process for its preparation and its use to brighten paper and especially textile materials.

Priority: US19990118821P Applic. Date: 1999-02-05

Inventor: BAKER RICHARD LEON [US]

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