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United States Patent WO 2010/068400

 

 

Applicant: Hercules

 

Date: June 17, 2010

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Hair Conditioning Composition Comprising Cationic Surfactant System and Direct Dye

 

 

Abstract or Summary of the Invention

 

Disclosed is a hair conditioning composition comprising: a cationic surfactant system of either (i) or (ii): (i) the system comprising: a salt of a mono-long alkyl quaternized ammonium and an anion wherein the anion is selected from the group consisting of C1-C4 alkyl sulfate, and mixtures thereof; and a di-long alkyl quaternized ammonium salt; or (ii) the system comprising: salts of mono-long alkyl amines wherein the mono-long alkyl group has 20 to about 24 carbon atoms; and a di-long alkyl quaternized ammonium salt; a high melting point fatty compound; a direct dye; and an aqueous carrier. The composition of the present invention provides improved coloring benefits, while providing conditioning benefits.

 


Composition

 

Comparative Examples of Silicone Deposition with Ceteth-10 as the ethoxylated fatty alcohol.

 

Ingredient INCI Name

Ex.1

Ex.2

Ex.3

Ex.4

Ex.5

Ex.6

Ex. i

Ex. ii

Behenyl trimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate

1.1

1.5

2

-

-

1.1

-

-

Behenamidopropyldimethylamine

-

-

-

2.3

2.5

-

-

2.3

1-glutamic acid

-

-

-

0.6

0.7

-

-

0.6

Behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

.

Dicetyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

0.35

-

0.6

0.35

0.5

0.35

0.35

-

Distearyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

-

0.35

-

-

-

-

-

-

Polyquaternium-lO*1

-

-

-

-

0.2

-

-

-

Cetyl alcohol

0.9

1.2

1.5

2.5

3

0.9

0.9

2.5

Stearyl alcohol

2.3

3.3

4

4.5

5

2.3

2.3

4.5

Aminosilicone-1 *2

 

0.5

-

-

-

0.5

 

-

Dimethieone blend *3

 

-

4.2

-

-

-

-

-

Dimethicone/Cyclomethicone

-

-

-

-

4.2

-

-

-

*4

Aminosilicone-2 *5

 

-

-

-

-

3.5

-

-

MQ resin*6

-

-

-

-

-

0.0035

 

 

Basic Brown 16

-

0.008

-

-

0.008

0.008

-

-

HC Blue No. 15

-

0.0004

-

-

0.0004

0.0004

-

-

HC Red No 10

0.07

0.006

0.04

0.07

0.006

0.006

0.07

0.07

4-Amino-3-Nitrophenol

0.07

0.005

0.06

0.07

0.005

0.005

0.07

0.07

UV absorbers

-

-

0.1

-

-

-

-

-

Preservatives

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

Perfume

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

Panthenol

-

-

0.03

-

0.03

 

-

-

Panthenyl ethyl ether

-

-

0.03

-

0.03

 

-

-

Deionized Water

q.s. to 100%

 

Definitions of Components


* 1 Polyquatemium- 10: Polymer JR3OM available from Amerchol
*2 Aminosilieone- 1: Terninal aminosilicone which is available from GE having a viscosity 10,000mPa•s, and having the following formula (III):


(R1)aG3-a-Si-(O-SiG2)n-O-SiG3(R1)a                              (III)


wherein G is methyl; a is an integer of 1; n is a number from about 400 to about 600; R1
is a monovalent radical conforming to the general formula CqH2qL, wherein q is an
integer of 3 and L is -NH2
*3 Dimethicone blend: a blend of dimethicone having a viscosity of 18,000,000nsPa•s and dimethicone having a viscosity of 200 mPa·s available from GE Toshiba
*4 Dimethicone/Cyclomethicone: a blend dimethicone having a viscosity of
18,000,000 mPa•s and cyclopentasiloxane available from GE Toshiba
*5 Aminosilicone-2: ADM1100 from Wacker Silicones
*6 MQ resin: SRI000 (Polytrimethyl hydrosilylsilicate) from GE Silicones

 


 

Method of Preparation

 

The conditioning compositions of “Ex. 1” through “Ex. 6”, “Ex. i” and “Ex. ii” as shown above can be prepared by any conventional method well known in the art. They are suitably made as follows

 

Cationic surfactants, high melting point fatty compounds and direct dyes are added to water with agitation, and heated to about 80°C. The mixture is cooled down to about 50°C. If included, silicone compounds, perfumes, preservatives are added to the mixture with agitation. Then the mixture is cooled down to room temperature.

 

Examples 1 through 6 are hair conditioning compositions of the invention which are particularly useful for rinse-off use. The embodiments disclosed and represented by the previous “Ex. 1” through “Ex. 6” have many advantages. For example, they provide color benefits while providing conditioning benefits. They are especially suitable for red or brown colored hair. Ex. i and “Ex. ii are control compositions.

 

Coloring benefit

 

With respect to the above compositions of Ex. 1, Ex. 4, Ex. i and Ex. ii, a coloring benefit is evaluated by the following method. Results of the evaluation are also shown below in Table 1.

 

Color deposition

 

Color deposition is evaluated as follows:

 

i)       The color of non-treated, non-colored hair sample (hereinafter Color N) is measured using an instrument called X-Rite SP64 Spectrophotometer.

ii)     The sample is treated with the composition 15 times as follows: 1 g of the composition is applied and evenly spread to the sample, then rinsed off from the sample. Then the sample is dried.

iii)    After l5cycle of the treatments, the color of the treated hair sample (hereinafter Color T) is measured using an instrument called X-Rite SP64 Spectrophotometer.

iv)   The L, a, b values for Color N and Color T are then compared to calculate the DE2000 measurements.

 

 

Ex.1,

Ex.i


Color deposition


Al


Cl

 

 

 

Al: Above 14% (excluding 14%) to 30% increase of color deposition, compared to Control (C1)

B1: Up to 14% (including 14%) increase of color deposition, compared to Control (Cl)

Cl: Control

 

Table 2

 

 

Ex.l

Ex. 4

Ex. ii

Color deposition

A2

A2

C2

 

 

A2: Above 14% (excluding 14%) to 30% increase of color deposition, compared to Control (C2)

B1: Up to 14% (including 14%) increase of color deposition, compared to Control (Cl)

Cl: Control

 

 

 

 

 

 

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